News: 1998

All ARTICLES and BOOK REVIEWS (after October) relating to evolution from American Scientist, National Geographic, Nature, Science, and Scientific American are listed. The most recent articles are first.

Format: Principal author(s), Date. Title. Journal. [Summary, or keywords not in title] {Related articles}.


Artificial Life; Origin of Life; Origin of Eukaryotes, Organelles; Origins and Evolution of Prokaryotes, Viruses, Transposons, Introns, etc.

Origins of Higher Eukaryotic Taxa: Animal Phyla, Mammalian and Modern Bird Orders, etc.

Ancient Birds; Dinosaurs; Other Ancient Reptiles

Human Origins and Evolution

Other Evolutionary Biology

Political, Religious, and Educational Issues


Artificial Life; Origin of Life; Origin of Eukaryotes, Organelles; Origins and Evolution of Prokaryotes, Viruses, Transposons, Introns, etc.
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Embley and Martin, 1998 Dec 10. Molecular evolution: A hydrogen-producing mitochondrion. Nature 396:517-519. [origin of hydrogenosomes] {Akhmanova et al., 1998 Dec 10}.

Akhmanova et al., 1998 Dec 10. A hydrogenosome with a genome. Nature 396:527-528. [origin of hydrogenosomes] {Embley and Martin, 1998 Dec 10}.

Vogel, 1998 Nov 20. EXOBIOLOGY: Finding Life's Limits. Science 282:1399. [meteorite "fossils" too small for life] {Kerr, 1998 Nov 27}.

Kerr, 1998 Nov 20. EXOBIOLOGY: Requiem for Life on Mars? Support for Microbes Fades. Science 282:1398. [meteorite "fossils" too small for life] {Vogel, 1998 Nov 27}.

Zimmer, 1998 Nov 12. How many more eurekas in the bath? Nature 396:129.
Book Review of What Remains To Be Discovered: Mapping the Secrets of the Universe, the Origins of Life, and the Future of the Human Raceby John Maddox .

Gray, 1998 Nov 12. Rickettsia, typhus and the mitochondrial connection. Nature 396:109-110. [typhus bacterium related mitochondria] {Andersson et al, 1998 Nov 12}.

Andersson et al, 1998 Nov 12. The genome sequence of Rickettsia prowazekii and the origin of mitochondria. Nature 396:133-140. [typhus bacterium related mitochondria] {Gray, 1998 Nov 12}.

Andersson et al, 1998 Nov 6. Evidence That Gene Amplification Underlies Adaptive Mutability of the Bacterial lac Operon. Science 282:1133-1135. [stress, rapid evolution].

1998 Oct 8, Bengston. The mother of all questions. Nature 395:560.
Book Review of The Fifth Miracle: The Search for the Origin of Life by Paul Davies.

Schneider, 1998 Oct. Polarized Life. Scientific American (Oct 1998) [clues from space to the homochirality of organic molecules].

Grigoriev, 1998 Sep 25. Genome Arithmetic. Science 281:1923-1994. [base composition bias varies along genome] {Freeman et al. 1998 Mar 20}.

Service, 1998 Sep 25. A Biomolecule Building Block From Vents. Science 281:1936-1937. [possible source of ammonia for origin of life].

Vargas et al., 1998 Sep 03. Microbiological evidence for Fe(III) reduction on early Earth. Nature 395:65. [Archaea and Bacteria, phylogeny].

Schimmel and Alexander, 1998 Jul 31. PROTEIN SYNTHESIS: All You Need Is RNA. Science 281:658-659. [origin of life, RNA world].

Irion, 1998 Jul 31. ORIGIN OF LIFE: Did Twisty Starlight Set Stage for Life? Science 281:626-627 . [origin of life, 'left-handed' amino acids].

Vogel, 1998 Jul 31. ORIGIN OF LIFE: Sulfurous Start for Protein Synthesis? Science 281:627-629. [thermophilic origin of life] {Huber and Wächtershäuser, 1998 July 31}.

Huber and Wächtershäuser, 1998 Jul 31. Peptides by Activation of Amino Acids with CO on (Ni,Fe)S Surfaces: Implications for the Origin of Life. Science 281:670-672. [thermophilic origin of life] {Vogel, 1998 July 31}.

Vogel, 1998 Jul 17. EVOLUTION: Tracking the History of the Genetic Code. Science 281:329. [Origin of the genetic code] {Pennisi, 1998 Jul 17}.

Pennisi, 1998 Jul 17. EVOLUTION: The First Codon and Its Descendants. Science 281:330. [Origin of the genetic code] {Vogel, 1998 Jul 17}.

Chistoserdova et al., 1998 Jul 3. C1 Transfer Enzymes and Coenzymes Linking Methylotrophic Bacteria and Methanogenic Archaea. Science 281:99-102. [methylotrophy and methanogenesis involve common genes that cross the bacterial/archaeal boundaries].

Korber et al., 1998 Jun 19. Limitations of a Molecular Clock Applied to Considerations of the Origin of HIV-1. Science 280:1868-1871.

Choi et al, 1998 Jun 12. Promotion of Met-tRNAiMet Binding to Ribosomes by yIF2, a Bacterial IF2 Homolog in Yeast. Science 280:1757-1760. [protein synthesis in eukaryotes and prokaryotes more similar than previously believed].

Lawler, 1998 May 29 . SPACE AND LIFE SCIENCES: Astrobiology Institute Picks Partners. Science 280:1338. [origin of life, exobiology].

Henk et al., 1998 May 28. Ordering entropy. Nature 393:305-307. [complexity] {Adams et al., 1998 May 28}.

Adams et al., 1998 May 28. Entropically driven microphase transitions in mixtures of colloidal rods and spheres. Nature 393:349. [complexity] {Henk et al., 1998 May 28}.

Martin et al., 1998 May 14. Gene transfer to the nucleus and the evolution of chloroplasts. Nature 393:62. [endosymbiosis, chloroplast evolution].

Bowden et al., 1998 May 14. Spontaneous formation of ordered structures in thin films of metals supported on an elastomeric polymer. Nature 393:146. [spontanous generation of complex order].

Gupta et al., 1998 May 8. Chaos, Persistence, and Evolution of Strain Structure in Antigenically Diverse Infectious Agents. Science 280:912-915.

Kidwell and Lisch, 1998 May 7. Transposons unbound. Nature 393:22-23. [transposable elements, methylation] {O`Neill et al., 1998 May 7}.

O`Neill et al., 1998 May 7. Undermethylation associated with retroelement activation and chromosome remodelling in an interspecific mammalian hybrid. Nature 393:068. [transposable elements, methylation, karyotypic evolution] {Kidwell and Lisch, 1998 May 7}.

Pennisi, 1998 May 1. EVOLUTION: Genome Data Shake Tree of Life. Science 280:672. [Phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequence data are threatening the `three domain` theory of life, and the idea of a simple branching tree.] {Pennisi, 1998 May 1}.

Pennisi, 1998 May 1. EVOLUTION: Direct Descendants From an RNA World. Science 280:673. [One group of scientists suggests that eukaryotes may have preceded prokaryotes.] {Pennisi, 1998 May 1}.

Mazel et al., 1998 Apr 24. A Distinctive Class of Integron in the Vibrio cholerae Genome. Science 280:605-608. [Antibiotic resistance integrons are similar to a more general gene capture system in the Cholera bacterium.] {Pennisi, 1998 Apr 24}.

DeLong, 1998 April 24. MICROBIOLOGY: Archaeal Means and Extremes. Science 280:542. [bacteria, prokaryote].

Pennisi, 1998 Apr 24. MICROBIOLOGY: Versatile Gene Uptake System Found in Cholera Bacterium. Science 280:521. [Antibiotic resistance integrons are similar to a more general gene capture system in the Cholera bacterium.] {Mazel et al., 1998 Apr 24.}.

Balter, 1998 Apr 03. Gene Sequencing: Did Life Begin in Hot Water? Science 280:31. [French to sequence genome of key member of Archaea].

Al-Kaff et al., 1998 Mar 27. Transcriptional and Posttranscriptional Plant Gene Silencing in Response to a Pathogen. Science 279:2113 - 2115. [plant defense against parasitic DNA].

Deckert et al., 1998 Mar 26. The complete genome of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex aeolicus. Nature 392:353. [1,551,335 base pairs of Aquifex aeolicus summarized].

MacBeath et al., 1998 Mar 20. Redesigning Enzyme Topology by Directed Evolution. Science 279:1958 - 1961. [convergent artificial evolution of an enzyme] {Stokstad, 1998 Mar 20}.

Stokstad, 1998 Mar 20. PROTEIN DESIGN: The Bare Bones of Catalysis. Science 279:1852. [convergent artificial evolution of an enzyme] {MacBeath et al., 1998 Mar 20}.

Freeman et al., 1998 Mar 20. Patterns of Genome Organization in Bacteria. Science 279:1827. [Nonrandom patterns of nucleotide ratios along bacterial genes].

Lawler, 1998 Mar 20. ASTROBIOLOGY: Ames Tackles the Riddle of Life. Science 279:1840. [opening of the Astrobiology Institute at NASA`s Ames Research Center].

Saks et al., 1998 Mar 13. Evolution of a Transfer RNA Gene Through a Point Mutation in the Anticodon. Science 279:1665-1670. [A new model of tRNA evolution].

Vogel, 1998 Mar 13. EVOLUTION: Did the First Complex Cell Eat Hydrogen?. Science 279:1663. [mitochondria, chloroplast, archaebacteria, symbiosis] {Martin and Muller, 1998 Mar 05}.

Burke et al., 1998 Mar 12. Are retrotransposons long-term hitch-hikers? Nature 392:141. [transposable elements, genome evolution].

Doolittle, 1998 Mar 05. A paradigm gets shifty. Nature 392:15-16. [mitochondria, chloroplast, archaebacteria, symbiosis] {Martin and Muller, 1998 Mar 05}.

Martin and Muller, 1998 Mar 05. The hydrogen hypothesis for the first eukaryote. Nature 392:37. [mitochondria, chloroplast, archaebacteria, symbiosis] {Doolittle, 1998 Mar 05; Vogel, 1998 Mar 13}.

Monastersky, 1998 Mar. The Rise of Life on Earth. National Geographic. [abiogenesis, origin of life, creationism, religion].

Levy, 1998 Mar. The Challenge of Antibiotic Resistance. Scientific American. [bacteria].

Podar et al., 1998 Feb 26. Group II intron splicing in vivo by first-step hydrolysis. Nature 391:915. [Clue to a step in the evolution of splicing mechanisms?]

McFadden, 1998 Jan 02. VIROLOGY: Even Viruses Can Learn to Cope with Stress. Science 279:40.

Ingber, 1998 Jan. The Architecture of Life: A universal set of building rules seems to guide the design of organic structures--from simple carbon compounds to complex cells and tissues. Scientific American.

Hayes, 1998 Jan. The Invention of the Genetic Code. American Scientist.


Origins of Higher Eukaryotic Taxa: Animal Phyla, Mammalian and Modern Bird Orders, etc.
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Ruvkun and Hobert, 1998 Dec 11. The Taxonomy of Developmental Control in Caenorhabditis elegans. Science 282:2033. [genomic comparisons] {Chervitz et al., 1998 Dec 11}.

Chervitz et al., 1998 Dec 11. Comparison of the Complete Protein Sets of Worm and Yeast: Orthology and Divergence . Science 282:2022. [genomic comparisons] {Ruvkun and Hobert, 1998 Dec 11}.

Zhang et al., 1998 Dec 4. Interpreting Late Precambrian Microfossils. Science Dec 4 1998:1783. {disagreements over 580 million year old "embryos" from south China}.

LOCKLEY, 1998 Dec 3. The vertebrate track record. Nature 396:429-432. [fossil footprints, bias in the fossil record].

ROUGIER et al., 1998 Dec 3. Implications of Deltatheridium specimens for early marsupial history. Nature 396:459-463. [basal metatherians].

Crepet, 1998 Nov 27. The Abominable Mystery. Science 282: 1653-1654. [angiosperm origins] {Ge Sun et al., 1998 Nov 27}.

Ge Sun et al., 1998 Nov 27. In Search of the First Flower: A Jurassic Angiosperm, Archaefructus, from Northeast China. Science 282: 1692-1695. [angiosperm origins] {Crepet, 1998 Nov 27}.

Amores et al., 1998 Nov 27. Zebrafish hox Clusters and Vertebrate Genome Evolution. Science 282: 1711-1714. [HOX genes, vertebrate evolution].

Kerr, 1998 Nov 6. PALEONTOLOGY: Earliest Animals Old Once More?. Science 282:1020a. [dating, origin of multicellular life].

Stidham, 1998 Nov 5. A lower jaw from a Cretaceous parrot. Nature 396:29-30. [evolution of bird orders].

Stokes and Holland, 1998. The Lancelet. American Scientist 86 (Nov-Dec 1998). [amphioxus, vertebrate evolution].

1998 Oct 23, Kerr. PALEONTOLOGY: Fossils Challenge Age of Billion-Year-Old Animals. Science 282: 601a-602a. [dating; multicellular life].

1998 Oct 15, Janvier. Palaeontology: Forerunners of four legs. Nature 395:748. ["Since the 1930s, palaeontologists have thought that four-legged land vertebrates (or tetrapods) evolved from a group of lobe-finned fishes called osteolepiforms. This is now confirmed by an analysis of the osteolepiforms, which concludes that they are actually an ensemble of primitive tetrapodomorphs. This is a large group that, as expected, also includes the tetrapods."] {1998 Oct 15, Nowak and Sigmund}.

1998 Oct 15, Ahlberg and Johanson. Osteolepiforms and the ancestry of tetrapods. Nature 395:792-794. [fish-tetrapod transition, phylogeny, Tetrapodomorpha] {1998 Oct 15, Janvier}.

1998 Oct 8, Lee. From fins to limbs and back again. Nature 395:558.
Book Review of At the Water's Edge: Macroevolution and the Transformation of Life by Carl Zimmer.

Brasier, 1998 Oct 8. Animal evolution: From deep time to late arrivals. Nature 395:547. ["Last week, an extraordinary claim was published -- that tiny fossil tunnels created by burrowing creatures about one billion years ago had been identified in rocks in central India. If true, this would double the time span of the animal fossil record. But apart from doubts over the interpretation of the structures as tunnels, the rocks may be only about half the age claimed."] {Kerr, 1998 Oct 2; Seilacher, et al., 1998 Oct 2}.

Seilacher, et al., 1998 Oct 2. Triploblastic Animals More Than 1 Billion Years Ago: Trace Fossil Evidence from India. Science 282: 80-83. [fossil evidence of multicellular evidence pushed back 400 million years] {Seilacher, et al., 1998 Oct 2; Brasier, 1998 Oct 8}.

Kerr, 1998 Oct 2 . PALEONTOLOGY: Tracks of Billion-Year-Old Animals? Science 282: 19b-21b. [fossil evidence of multicellular evidence pushed back 400 million years] {Kerr, 1998 Oct 2; Brasier, 1998 Oct 8}.

Averof, 1998 Oct 1. Evolutionary biology: Origin of the spider's head. Nature 395:436. [ "By comparing the segments that make up the head structures of different arthropods, we can work out how related the classes of arthropod are. Until now it has been difficult to equate head structures of crustaceans and insects with those of the chelicerates (spiders and crabs, for example). But two studies based on the expression of developmental genes allow this to be done for the first time."].

Thewissen et al., 1998 Oct 1. Whale ankles and evolutionary relationships. Nature 395:452. [phylogenetic origin of Cetacea]. **

1998 Sep-Oct, Bowler. Cambrian Conflict: Crucible an Assault on Gould's Burgess Shale Interpretation. American Scientist 86:.
Book Review of Crucible of Creation: The Burgess Shale and the Rise of Animals, Theby Simon Conway Morris.

Qiu et al. , 1998 Aug 13. The gain of three mitochondrial introns identifies liverworts as the earliest land plants. Nature 394:671. [phylogeny, evolution of major plant groups].

Normile, 1998 Aug 7. MAMMALIAN EVOLUTION MEETING: New Views of the Origins of Mammals. Science 281:774-775. [evolution of mammalian orders; phylogeny; whales].

Johanson and Ahlberg, 1998 Aug 6. A complete primitive rhizodont from Australia . Nature 394:569. [fish-tetrapod transition ].

Gandolfo et al., 1998 Aug 6. Oldest known fossils of monocotyledons. Nature 394:532.

Farrell, 1998 Jul 24. "Inordinate Fondness" Explained: Why Are There So Many Beetles? Science 281:555-559. [beetles, phylogeny, adaptive radiation, coevolution ] {Morell, 1998 Jul 24}.

Morell, 1998 Jul 24. ENTOMOLOGY: Earth's Unbounded Beetlemania Explained. Science 281:501-503. [coevolution, speciation in insects] {Farrell , 1998 Jul 24}.

Edgecombe, 1998 Jul 9. Devonian terrestrial arthropods from Gondwana . Nature 394:172. ['high class-level diversity of myriapods in the Devonian '] {Lincoln, 1998 Jul 9}.

Lincoln, 1998 Jul 9. Ancient Australian arthropods. Nature 394:127. ['high class-level diversity of myriapods in the Devonian '] {Edgecombe, 1998 Jul 9}.

Clack, 1998 Jul 2. A new Early Carboniferous tetrapod with a mélange of crown-group characters. Nature 394:66. [Amphibia-amniota intermediate] {Shubin, 1998 Jul 2}.

Shubin, 1998 Jul 2. Evolutionary cut and paste. Nature 394:12-13. [Amphibia, parallel evolution] {Clack, 1998 Jul 2}.

Winnepenninckx et al., 1998 Jun 18. Relations of the new phylum Cycliophora. Nature 393:637.

Jensen et al., 1998 Jun 11. Ediacara-type fossils in Cambrian sediments. Nature 393:567. [Vendian, Vendobionta, Cambrian explosion].

Gibbons, 1998 May 1. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Genes Put Mammals in Age of Dinosaurs. Science 280:675. [DNA evidence contradicts fossil record] {Kumar and Hedges, 1998 April 30}.

Kumar and Hedges, 1998 April 30. A molecular timescale for vertebrate evolution. Nature 392:917. [molecular clock, evolutionary radiation] {Gibbons, 1998 May 1}.

Brooke et al., 1998 April 30. The ParaHox gene cluster is an evolutionary sister of the Hox gene cluster. Nature 392:920. [Cambrian explosion].

Balavoine and Adoutte 1998 Apr 17. EVOLUTION: One or Three Cambrian Radiations? Science 280:397. [`Balavoine and Adoutte discuss recent findings that may allow a reinterpretation of animal phylogeny and may have a profound bearing on understanding of the Cambrian explosion.`].

Boore et al., 1998 Apr 16. Gene translocation links insects and crustaceans. Nature 392:667. [arthropod phylogeny].

Labandeir, 1998 Apr 03. PALEOBIOLOGY: How Old Is the Flower and the Fly? Science 280:57. [Fossil of nectar-feeding fly suggests late Jurassic origin of angiosperms] {Ren, 1998 Apr 03}.

Ren, 1998 Apr 03. Flower-Associated Brachycera Flies as Fossil Evidence for Jurassic Angiosperm Origins. Science 280:85. [Fossil of nectar-feeding fly suggests late Jurassic origin of angiosperms] {Labandeir, 1998 Apr 03}.

Monastersky, 1998 Apr. Life Grows Up. National Geographic. [`Bizarre organisms filled the seas more than half a billion years ago, foreshadowing the rise of more complex creatures.`].

Kerr, 1998 Feb 06. PALEONTOLOGY: Pushing Back the Origins of Animals. Science 279:803. [Oldest known fossil representatives of a living phylum (sponges) and apparent animal embryos found in rock predating the Cambrian explosion by 30 million years.] {Li et al., 1998 Feb 06}

Li et al., 1998 Feb 06. Precambrian Sponges with Cellular Structures. Science 279:879. [Oldest known fossil representatives of a living phylum (sponges) found in rock predating the Cambrian explosion by 30 million years.] {Kerr, 1998 Feb 06; Xiao et al., 1998 Feb 05}

Bengston, 1998 Feb 05. Animal embryos in deep time. Nature 391:529-530. [Oldest known apparent animal embryos found in rock predating the Cambrian explosion by 30 million years.] {Xiao et al., 1998 Feb 05}

Xiao et al., 1998 Feb 05. Three-dimensional preservation of algae and animal embryos in a Neoproterozoic. Nature391:553. [Oldest known apparent animal embryos found in rock predating the Cambrian explosion by 30 million years.] {Bengston, 1998 Feb 05; Li et al., 1998 Feb 06}

Dean, 1998 Jan. The Molecular Anatomy of an Ancient Adaptive Event. American Scientist. [Protein engineering identifies the structural basis of a 3.5 billion-year-old adaptation`.]


Ancient Birds; Dinosaurs; Other Ancient Reptiles
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Martill and Davis, 1998 Dec 10. Did dinosaurs come up to scratch? Nature 396:528-529. [ectoparasites].

WILKINSON et al., 1998 Dec 3. Robust dinosaur phylogeny? Nature 396:423-424. [Ankylosauria, phylogenetic methods].

Chiappe et al., 1998 Nov 19. Sauropod dinosaur embryos from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia.Nature 396:258-261.

Stokstad, 1998 Nov 13. PALEONTOLOGY: Popular Interest Fuels a Dinosaur Research Boom. Science 282: 1246-1247. [dinosaurs].

Holtz, 1998 Nov 13. PALEONTOLOGY: Spinosaurs as Crocodile Mimics. Science 282: 1276-1277. [dinosaurs, convergent evolution] {Serenoet al., 1998 Nov 13}.

Serenoet al., 1998 Nov 13. A Long-Snouted Predatory Dinosaur from Africa and the Evolution of Spinosaurids. Science 282: 1298-1302. [dinosaurs, convergent evolution] {Holtz, 1998 Nov 13}.

Johnson, 1998 Nov-Dec. Moon over Chicxulub: Will Night Finally Fall on the Dinosaur-Extinction Debate? American Scientist 86 (Nov-Dec 1998). .
Book Review of Night Comes to the Cretaceous: Dinosaur Extinction and the Transformation of Modern Geology by James Lawrence Powell.

1998 Oct 23, Stokstad. PALEONTOLOGY: Young Dinos Grew Up Fast. Science 282: 603a-604a. [dinosaurs].

Britt et al., 1998 Sep 24. Postcranial pneumatization in Archaeopteryx. Nature 395:374. [skeletal feature reinforces link between birds and theropod dinosaurs].

Sato and Tanabe, 1998 Aug 13. Cretaceous plesiosaurs ate ammonites. Nature 394:629.

Zhao and Xu , 1998 Jul 16. The oldest coelurosaurian. Nature 394:234.

Ackerman, 1998 Jul. Dinosaurs Take Wing. National Geographic. [Dinosaur-bird intermediates from China] {Padian, 1998 Jun 25; Ji et al., 1998 Jun 25}.

Gibbon, 1998 Jun 26. PALEONTOLOGY: Dinosaur Fossils, in Fine Feather, Show Link to Birds. Science 280:2051. [feathered dinosaurs, or flightless birds?] {Ji et al., 1998 Jun 25; Ackerman, 1998 Jul; Padian, 1998 Jun 25}.

Ji et al., 1998 Jun 25. Two feathered dinosaurs from northeastern China . Nature 393:753. [These dinosaur-bird intermediates are more 'primitive' than Archaeopteryx, but also more recent.] {Ackerman, 1998 Jul, Padian, 1998 Jun 25}.

Padian, 1998 Jun 25. When is a bird not a bird? Nature 393:729-730. [Origin of birds] {Ji et al., 1998 Jun 25, Ackerman, 1998 Jul}.

Carpenter et al., 1998 Jun 25. Skull of a Jurassic ankylosaur (Dinosauria). Nature 393:782. [Dinosaur].

Andrews and Fernandez-Jalvo, 1998 Jun 18. 101 uses for fossilized faeces. Nature 393:629-630. [coprolite of large carniverous dinosaur] {Chin et al., 1998 Jun 18}.

Chin et al., 1998 Jun 18. A king-sized theropod coprolite. Nature 393:680. [coprolite of large carniverous dinosaur] {Andrews and Fernandez-Jalvo, 1998 Jun 18}.

Motani et al., 1998 May 21. Ichthyosaurian relationships illuminated by new primitive skeletons from Japan. Nature 393:255. [position of ancient aquatic reptiles in the tree of life].

Sampson et al., 1998 May 15. Predatory Dinosaur Remains from Madagascar: Implications for the Cretaceous Biogeography of Gondwana. Science 280:1048-1051. [additional evidence for prolonged link between South America, Madagascar, and India].

Burke and Feduccia 1998 Apr 17. Counting the Fingers of Birds and Dinosaurs. Science 280:355. [Reply to criticism of their earlier paper.] {Burke and Feduccia, 1998 Oct 24. Developmental Patterns and the Identification of Homologies in the Avian Hand. Science 278:666-668.

Hirayama, 1998 Apr 16. Oldest known sea turtle. Nature 392:705. [salt, marine reptile].

Sasso and Signore, 1998 Mar 26. Exceptional soft-tissue preservation in a theropod dinosaur from Italy. Nature 392:383. [exceptional soft anatomy preservation in a theropod dinosaur].

Forster et al., 1998 Mar 20. The Theropod Ancestry of Birds: New Evidence from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Science 279:1915 - 1919. [primitive bird fossil reinforces bird link to theropod dinosaurs] {Gibbons, 1998 Mar 20}.

Gibbons, 1998 Mar 20. PALEONTOLOGY: Missing Link Ties Birds, Dinosaurs. Science 279:1851. [primitive bird fossil reinforces bird link to theropod dinosaurs] {Forster et al., 1998 Mar 20}.

Chiappe et al. <1998 Mar 19. The skull of a relative of the stem-group bird Mononykus. Nature 392:275. [bird origins, dinosaur].

Wang, 1998 Mar 13. PALEONTOLOGY: Scientists Flock to Explore China`s `Site of the Century`. Science 279:1626. [A fossil site in China contains evidence relevant to theories of bird origins.].

Feduccia et al., 1998 Feb 19. Theropod-bird link reconsidered. Nature 391:754.

Unwin, 1998 Jan 08. Feathers, filaments and theropod dinosaurs. Nature 391:119-120. Dinosaurs with possible `proto-feathers`. {Chen et al., 1998 Jan 08}

Chen et al., 1998 Jan 08. An exceptionally well-preserved theropod dinosaur from the Yixian Formation of China. Nature 391:147. {Unwin, 1998 Jan 08}


Human Origins and Evolution
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Rupke, 1998 Dec 17. The secret life of the Neanderthal. Nature 396:639a.
Book Review of Ancestral Images: The Iconography of Human Origins by Stephanie Moser.

Gee, 1998 Dec 10. Palaeontology: The face of Cinderella. Nature 396:521. [hominid, Australopithecus].

YU AND SHEPARD, 1998 Nov 26. Is beauty in the eye of the beholder? Nature 396:321 - 322. [male preference for low waist-to-hip ratio in women not universal].

Holden, 1998 Nov 20. ANTHROPOLOGY: No Last Word on Language Origins. Science 282:1455. [capacity for human speach likely existed 150,000 years ago].

Appenzeller, 1998 Nov 20. ART: Evolution or Revolution? Science 282:1451. [Neandertals also artists?].

Pringle, 1998 Nov 20. NEOLITHIC AGRICULTURE: Reading the Signs of Ancient Animal Domestication. Science 282:1448. [pigs domesticated before cultivation].

Robb, 1998 Nov 19. Chips off the old block. Nature 396:231. .
Book Review of Lost Civilisations of the Stone Age by Richard Rudgley.

Nesse and Williams, 1998 November. Evolution and the Origins of Disease. Scientific American (Nov 1998). ["The principles of evolution by natural selection are finally beginning to inform medicine"].

1998 Oct 23, Carey. NEUROSCIENCE: Knowledge of Number: Its Evolution and Ontogeny. Science 282: 641-642. [human evolution; intelligence].

Mellars, 1998 Oct 8. The fate of the Neanderthals. Nature 395:539. [ "Between about 30,000 and 40,000 years ago, the Neanderthals in Europe were replaced by populations of behaviourally and biologically modern humans. What happened during that period?"].

Kemp, 1998 Oct 1. Haeckel's hierarchies. Nature 395:447. ["The now-familiar concept of drawing lines of descent as trees seems harmless enough. But it led Ernst Haeckel (who bent the evidence to prove his Darwinian theories) into believing in the evolution of a Germanic super-race."].

Gibbons, 1998 Sep 4. COMPARATIVE GENETICS: Which of Our Genes Make Us Human? Science 281:1432-1434. [human-ape genetic differences] {Gibson, 1998 Sep 4}.

Gibson, 1998 Sep 4. COMPARATIVE GENETICS: Pushing a Primate Genome Project. Science 281:1433. [human-ape genetic differences] {Gibbons, 1998 Sep 4}.

Agnew and Demas, 1998 Sep. Preserving the Laetoli Footprints. Scientific American, 44-55.

Perret et al., 1998 Aug 27. Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness. Nature 394:884. [neoteny] {Enquist and Ghirlanda, 1998 Aug 27}.

Enquist and Ghirlanda, 1998 Aug 27. The secrets of faces. Nature 394:826-827. {Perret et al., 1998 Aug 27}.

Lummaa et al., 1998 Aug 6. Natural selection on human twinning. Nature 394:533.

Berger, 1998 Aug. The Dawn of Humans. National Geographic. [homoplasy, Australopithecus, hominid]

Gibbons, 1998 Jul 31. PRIMATE EVOLUTION: New Study Points to Eurasian Ape as Great Ape Ancestor. Science 281:622-623. [hominoid evolution].

Kobayashi et al., 1998 Jul 23. An ancient retrotransposal insertion causes Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy. Nature 394:388. ['human disease to be caused by an ancient retrotransposal integration'].

Weiner et al., 1998 Jul 10. Evidence for the Use of Fire at Zhoukoudian, China. Science 281:251-253. [Evidence for fire use before 300,000 years ago now in doubt.] {Wuethrich, 1998 Jul 10}.

Wuethrich, 1998 Jul 10. ARCHAEOLOGY: Geological Analysis Damps Ancient Chinese Fires. Science 281:165-166. [Evidence for fire use before 300,000 years ago now in doubt.] {Weiner et al., 1998 Jul 10}.

Falk, 1998 Jun 12. PALEONTOLOGY: Hominid Brain Evolution: Looks Can Be Deceiving. Science 280:1714. [Endocranial capacity reports for Australopithecus africanus may be overestimates] {Conroy et al., 1998 Jun 12}.

Conroy et al., 1998 Jun 12. Endocranial Capacity in an Early Hominid Cranium from Sterkfontein, South Africa. Science 280:1730-1731. [Endocranial capacity reports for Australopithecus africanus may be overestimates] {Falk, 1998 Jun 12}.

Gibbons, 1998 Jun 5. HUMAN ORIGINS: Old, Old Skull Has a New Look. Science 280:1525. [origin of Homo sapiens] {Abbate et al., 1998 Jun 4}.

Abbate et al., 1998 Jun 4. A one-million-year-old Homo cranium from the Danakil (Afar) Depression of Eritrea. Nature 393:458. [human origins] {Gibbons, 1998 Jun 5}.

Gibbons, 1998 May 29 a. EVOLUTION: Solving the Brain's Energy Crisis. Science 280:1345. [brain evolution] {Gibbons, 1998 May 29 b}.

Gibbons, 1998 May 29 c. ARCHAEOLOGY: Young Ages for Australian Rock Art. Science 280:1351. [Humans have not been in Australia so long after all.] {Roberts et al., 1998 May 28}.

Roberts et al., 1998 May 28. Optical and radiocarbon dating at Jinmium rock shelter in northern Australia. Nature 393:358. [Dating suggests Australian rock art less than 10kyr old, much younger than recent estimates.] {Gibbons, 1998 May 29 c}.

Lieberman, 1998 May 14. Sphenoid shortening and the evolution of modern human cranial shape. Nature 393:158. [an explanation for the 'apparently rapid evolution of modern human cranial form'].

Marshall and Pennisi, 1998 May 15. SEQUENCING: Hubris and the Human Genome. Science 280:994. [plans to sequence the entire human genome in 3 years].

Leakey et al., 1998 May 7. New specimens and confirmation of an early age for Australopithecus. Nature 393:62. [hominid] {Bower, 1998 May 16}.

Morell, 1998 April 24. HUMAN GENETICS: Genes May Link Ancient Eurasians, Native Americans. Science 280:520.

Gibbons 1998 Apr 17. MEETING BRIEFS: Anthropologists Probe Genes, Brains at Annual Meeting. Science 280:380. [brain evolution, mate choice].

Hublin et al., 1998 Apr 16. A late Neanderthal associated with Upper Palaeolithic artefacts. Nature 392:737. [correction to formula in Fig. 2 of Nature 381:224-226 (1996)].

Morell, 1998 Apr 10. Anthropology: Kennewick Man`s Contemporaries. Science 280:191. [The scientific debate over the nature of ancient Americans continues.] {Morell, 1998 Apr 10}.

Morell, 1998 Apr 10. Anthropology: Kennewick Man`s Trials Continue. Science 280:190. [ancient Americans] {Morell, 1998 Apr 10}.

Gibbons, 1998 Mar 13. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: Ancient Island Tools Suggest Homo erectus Was a Seafarer. Science 279:1635 (March 13). [suggestions of unexpected intelligence in Homo erectus] {Morwood et al., 1998 Mar 12}.

Gibbons, 1998 Mar 13. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: In China, a Handier Homo erectus. Science 279:1636. [stone tools, technology, intelligence].

Morwood et al., 1998 Mar 12. Fission-track ages of stone tools and fossils on the east Indonesian island of Flores. Nature 392:173. [Dates suggest that Homo erectus had seafaring technology 800,000 years ago] {Gibbons, 1998 Mar 13}.

Gibbons, 1998 Feb 27. AAAS MEETING: Mother Tongues Trace Steps of Earliest Americans. Science 279:1306. [Evidence that America was colonized more than 22,000 years ago.]

Lillie, 1998 Feb 26. Cranial surgery dates back to Mesolithic. Nature 391:854.

Kerr, 1998 Feb 20. ARCHAEOLOGY: Black Sea Deluge May Have Helped Spread Farming. Science 279:1132. [Evidence for cataclysmic flood about 7500 years ago.]

Morell, 1998 Jan 02. ARCHAEOLOGY: Kennewick Man: More Bones to Pick. Science279:25.

Gibbons, 1998 Jan 02. Calibrating the Mitochondrial Clock. Science 279:28. [Mitochondrial DNA may mutate as much as 20 times faster than previously expected, casting doubt on molecular clock studies.]

Wong, 1998 Jan. ANCESTRAL QUANDARY: Neanderthals not our ancestors? Not so fast. Scientific American.


Other Evolutionary Biology
[to top]

Arbogast et al., 1998 Dec 11. Pleistocene Speciation and the Mitochondrial DNA Clock. Science 282:1955. [Speciation in North American songbirds].

Capy, 1998 Dec 10. Evolutionary biology: A plastic genome. Nature 396:522A. [Evidence of new genes fashioned from older ones].

Nurminsky et al., 1998 Dec 10. Selective sweep of a newly evolved sperm-specific gene in Drosophila. Nature 396:572-575. [hitchhiking, rapid evolution, recent evolution].

Pennisi, 1998 Dec 4. EVOLUTION: Heat Shock Protein Mutes Genetic Changes. Science Dec 4 1998:1796. [rapid evolution, heat-shock proteins] {COSSINS, 1998 Nov 26}.

STERN, 1998 Dec 3. A role of Ultrabithorax in morphological differences between Drosophila species. Nature 396:463-466. [Hox genes, cis-regulatory evolution].

Whitehead, 1998 Nov 27. Cultural Selection and Genetic Diversity in Matrilineal Whales. Science 282: 1708 - 1711. [culture, mitochondrial DNA, hitchhiking] {Vogel, 1998 Nov 27}.

Vogel, 1998 Nov 27. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY:DNA Suggests Cultural Traits Affect Whales' Evolution. Science 282: 1616. [culture, mitochondrial DNA, hitchhiking] {Whitehead, 1998 Nov 27}.

COSSINS, 1998 Nov 26. Cryptic clues revealed . Nature 396:309. [rapid evolution, heat-shock proteins] {Pennisi, 1998 Dec 4}.

SPEED, 1998 Nov 26. Mistakes not necessary for Müllerian mimicry. Nature 396:323. [predator discrimination of prey].

Ebert, 1998 Nov 20. Experimental Evolution of Parasites. Science 282:1432-1436. [evolution of virulence in parasites].

Nei and Zhang, 1998 Nov 20. EVOLUTION: Molecular Origin of Species. Science 282:1428-1429. [sequence divergence, selection, speciation] {Ting et al., 1998 Nov 27}.

Ting et al., 1998 Nov 20. A Rapidly Evolving Homeobox at the Site of a Hybrid Sterility Gene. Science 282:1501-1504. [sequence divergence, selection, speciation] {Nei and Zhang, 1998 Nov 27}.

Coyne, 1998 Nov 5. Not Black and White. Nature 396:35.
Book Review of Melanism: Evolution in Actionby Michael E. N. Majerus.

Turelli, 1998 Oct 30. Haldane's Rule in Taxa Lacking a Hemizygous X. Science 282:952-954. {Presgraves and Orr, 1998 Oct 30}.

Presgraves and Orr, 1998 Oct 30. EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS: Enhanced: The Causes of Haldane's Rule. Science 282:889-891. {Turelli, 1998 Oct 30}.

Holway et al., 1998 Oct 30. Loss of Intraspecific Aggression in the Success of a Widespread Invasive Social Insect. Science 282:949-952. {Strauss, 1998 Oct 30}.

Strauss, 1998 Oct 30. ECOLOGY: Mutual Nonaggression Pact May Aid Ant Spread. Science 282:854-855. {Holway et al., 1998 Oct 30}.

1998 Oct 23, Vogel. PALEOBIOLOGY: Insect Wings Point to Early Sophistication. Science 282: 599-601. [adaptation; convergence] {1998 Oct 23, Wootton et al}.

1998 Oct 23, Wootton et al. Smart Engineering in the Mid-Carboniferous: How Well Could Palaeozoic Dragonflies Fly? Science 282: 749-751. [adaptation; convergence] {1998 Oct 23, Vogel}.

1998 Oct 23, Gale and Devos. Plant Comparative Genetics after 10 Years. Science 282: 656-659. [conserved genes; genome rearrangements plant breeding].

1998 Oct 16, Morell. EVOLUTION: Male Mating Blocks New Cuckoo Species. Science 282:393a. [speciation, mimicry] {1998 Oct 16, Marchetti et al}.

1998 Oct 16, Marchetti et al. Host-Race Formation in the Common Cuckoo. Science 282:471-472. [speciation; mimicry] {1998 Oct 16, Morell}.

1998 Oct 15, Nowak and Sigmund. What two legs can learn from four legs. Nature 395:760.
Book Review of Foundations of Social Evolution by Steven A. Frank.
Book Review of Cooperation Among Animals by A. L. Dugatkin.

1998 Oct 15, McComb and Semple. Are talkers the only thinkers? Nature 395:656.
Book Review of If a Lion Could Talk: Animal Intelligence and the Evolution of Consciousness by Stephen Budiansky.

1998 Oct 15, Barton. Evolutionary biology: The geometry of adaptation. Nature 395:751. ["Those trying to explain the evolution of adaptations broadly fall into two camps. Whereas Darwin suggested that small variations accumulate gradually, early geneticists believed that adaptations evolved through major mutations. A new study adds fuel to this debate by showing that adaptation may be based on larger factors than previously supposed."].

1998 Oct 9, Bell. DEVELOPMENT: Model Metaorganism. Science 282:248.
Book Review of Volvox Molecular-Genetic Origins of Multicellularity and Cellular Differentiation by David L. Kirk.

Bond and Kamil, 1998 Oct 8. Apostatic selection by blue jays produces balanced polymorphism in virtual prey. Nature 395:594. [predator-prey dynamic].

1998 Oct. THE EDITORS RECOMMEND. Scientific American.
Book Review of Life: A Natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth by Richard Fortey.

Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25. The Evolution of Sex. Science 281:. [evolution of sex] {Bull and Wichman, 1998 Sep 25; Wuethrich, 1998 Sep 25; Morell, 1998 Sep 25; Pennisi, 1998 Sep 25; Barton and Charlesworth, 1998 Sep 25; Marín and Baker, 1998 Sep 25; Vacquier, 1998 Sep 25; Ryan, 1998 Sep 25; Partridge and Hurst, 1998 Sep 25}.

Bull and Wichman, 1998 Sep 25. A Revolution in Evolution. Science 281:1959. [evolution of sex] {Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25}.

Wuethrich, 1998 Sep 25. EVOLUTION OF SEX: Putting Theory to the Test. Science 281:1980-1982. [evolution of sex] {Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25}.

Morell, 1998 Sep 25. EVOLUTION OF SEX: A New Look at Monogamy. Science 281:1982-1983. [evolution of sex] {Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25}.

Pennisi, 1998 Sep 25. EVOLUTION OF SEX: A Genomic Battle of the Sexes. Science 281:1984-1985. [evolution of sex] {Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25}.

Barton and Charlesworth, 1998 Sep 25. Why Sex and Recombination? Science 281:1986-1990. [evolution of sex] {Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25}.

Marín and Baker, 1998 Sep 25. The Evolutionary Dynamics of Sex Determination. Science 281:1990-1994. [evolution of sex] {Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25}.

Vacquier, 1998 Sep 25. Evolution of Gamete Recognition Proteins. Science 281:1995-1998. [evolution of sex] {Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25}.

Ryan, 1998 Sep 25. Sexual Selection, Receiver Biases, and the Evolution of Sex Differences. Science 281:1999-2003. [evolution of sex] {Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25}.

Partridge and Hurst, 1998 Sep 25. Sex and Conflict. Science 281:2003-2008. [evolution of sex] {Hines and Culotta, 1998 Sep 25}.

Mueller et al., 1998 Sep 25. The Evolution of Agriculture in Ants. Science 281:2034-2038. [phylogeny; cultivation of fungi by ants].

Yachi and Higashi, 1998 Aug 27. The evolution of warning signals. Nature 394:882.

Moldowan and Talyzina, 1998 Aug 21. Biogeochemical Evidence for Dinoflagellate Ancestors in the Early Cambrian. Science 281:1168-1170.

Vogel, 1998 Aug 21. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Doubled Genes May Explain Fish Diversity. Science 281:1119-1121. [ray-finned fishes].

Pennisi, 1998 Aug 21. MOLECULAR EVOLUTION: How the Genome Readies Itself for Evolution. Science 281:1131-1134. [nonrandom mutations in evolution].

Ollerton, 1998 Aug 20. Sunbird surprise for syndromes. Nature 394:726-727. {Pauw, 1998 Aug 20}.

Jegalian and Page , 1998 Aug 20. A proposed path by which genes common to mammalian X and Y chromosomes evolve to become X inactivated. Nature 394:776. .

van Staaden and Römer , 1998 Aug 20. Evolutionary transition from stretch to hearing organs in ancient grasshoppers. Nature 394:773. .

Pauw, 1998 Aug 20. Pollen transfer on bird tongues. Nature 394:731. [pollination syndrome] {Ollerton, 1998 Aug 20}.

Armbruster and Baldwin, 1998 Aug 13. Switch from specialized to generalized pollination. Nature 394:632.

Bäckström et al., 1998 Aug 7. Positive Selection Through a Motif in the [alphs]^[beta] T Cell Receptor. Science 281:835-838.

Keller and Ross, 1998 Aug 6. Selfish genes: a green beard in the red fire ant . Nature 394:573. [selfish DNA] {Grafen, 1998 Aug 6}.

Grafen, 1998 Aug 6. Green beard as death warrant . Nature 394:521-523. [selfish DNA] {Keller and Ross, 1998 Aug 6}.

Swanson and Vacquier, 1998 Jul 31. Concerted Evolution in an Egg Receptor for a Rapidly Evolving Abalone Sperm Protein. Science 281:710-712 . [speciation, repeated DNA sequence].

Lenton, 1998 Jul 30. Gaia and natural selection Gaia and natural selection. Nature 394:439.

Strauss, 1998 Jul 24. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY: How Plants Pick Their Mates. Science 281:503. [pollen, speciation in plants].

Meng and McKenna, 1998 Jul 23. Faunal turnovers of Palaeogene mammals from the Mongolian Plateau. Nature 394:364. [mammalian evolution] {Hartenberger, 1998 Jul 23}.

Hartenberger, 1998 Jul 23. An Asian Grande Coupure. Nature 394:. [mammalian evolution] {Meng and McKenna, 1998 Jul 23}.

aaa, 1998 Jul 16. Selection on swallow tail streamers. Nature 394:233.

Roberts and Sherratt, 1998 Jul 9. Development of cooperative relationships through increasing investment. Nature 394:175. [altruism, game theory] {Keller and Reeve, 1998 Jul 9}.

Keller and Reeve, 1998 Jul 9. Familiarity breeds cooperation. Nature 394:121-122. [altruism, game theory] {Roberts and Sherratt, 1998 Jul 9}.

Vogel, 1998 Jul 3. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Successful Flies Make Love, Not War. Science 281:25. [enforced monogamy wins in fruit flies].

Rainey and Travisano, 1998 Jul 2. Adaptive radiation in a heterogeneous environment. Nature 394:69. [bacteria, adaptation].

Mesterton-Gibbons and Adams, 1998 Jul-Aug. Animal Contests as Evolutionary Games. American Scientist 86: no. 4 [game theory, evolutionary stable strategy, animal behavior] {Wedekind, 1998 June 26}.

Rutowski, 1998 Jul. Mating Strategies in Butterflies. Scientific American. [Sexual selection].

Malakoff, 1998 Jun 26. CARBON DATING: Rock Dates Thrown Into Doubt, Researcher Under Fire. Science 280:2041-2042. [dating rock varnish] {Beck et al., 1998 Jun 26}.

Beck et al., 1998 Jun 26. Ambiguities in Direct Dating of Rock Surfaces Using Radiocarbon Measurements. Science 280:2132-2139. [dating rock varnish] {Malakoff, 1998 Jun 26}.

Wedekind, 1998 Jun 26. GAME THEORY: Enhanced: Give and Ye Shall Be Recognized. Science 280:2070-2071. [altruism, evolutionary stable strategy, animal behavior] {Mesterton-Gibbons and Adams, 1998 Jul-Aug}.

Arnqvist, 1998 Jun 25. Comparative evidence for the evolution of genitalia by sexual selection. Nature 393:784. [mating system, sexual selection] {Gwynne, 1998 Jun 25}.

Gwynne, 1998 Jun 25. Genitally does it. Nature 393:734-735. [mating system, sexual selection] {Arnqvist, 1998 Jun 25}.

Adrain et al., 1998 Jun 19. Post-Cambrian Trilobite Diversity and Evolutionary Faunas. Science 280:1922-1925. [adaptive radiation, extinction] {Irion, 1998 Jun 19}.

Irion, 1998 Jun 19. PALEONTOLOGY: Parsing the Trilobites' Rise and Fall. Science 280:1837. [adaptive radiation, extinction] {Adrain et al., 1998 Jun 19}.

Pennisi, 1998 Jun 19. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Females Pick Good Genes in Frogs, Flies. Science 280:1837. [sexual selection, female choice].

Welch et al., 1998 Jun 19. Call Duration as an Indicator of Genetic Quality in Male Gray Tree Frogs. Science 280:1928-1930. [sexual selection, female choice].

Ferrière, 1998 Jun 11. Help and you shall be helped. Nature 393:517-519. [game theory, human morals, altruism] {Nowak and Sigmund, 1998 Jun 11}.

Nowak and Sigmund, 1998 Jun 11. Evolution by indirect reciprocity by image scoring. Nature 393:573. [game theory, human morals, altruism] {Ferrière, 1998 Jun 11}.

Fontana and Schuster, 1998 May 29. Continuity in Evolution: On the Nature of Transitions. Science 280:1451-1455. [drift, saltation].

Gibbons, 1998 May 29 b. EVOLUTION: In Mice, Mom's Genes Favor Brains Over Brawn. Science 280:1346. [brain evolution] {Gibbons, 1998 May 29 a}.

Schubart et al., 1998 May 28. Rapid evolution to terrestrial life in Jamaican crabs. Nature 393:363. [adaptive radiation] {Tromans, 1998 May 28}.

Tromans, 1998 May 28. Land-loving crabs. Nature 393:305 . [adaptive radiation]] {Schubart et al., 1998 May 28}.

Anthony et al., 1998 May 21. Herbicide resistance caused by spontaneous mutation of the cytoskeletal protein. Nature 393:260. [the mutation behind herbicide resistance in goosegrass].

Guttman , 1998 May 21. An X-linked gene with a degenerate Y-linked homologue in a dioecious plant. Nature 393:263. [evolution of separate sexes in Silene apparently involved damage to one homologue of a gene by nucleotide deletion and insertion of repetitive sequences.].

Bowring et al., 1998 May 15. U/Pb Zircon Geochronology and Tempo of the End-Permian Mass Extinction. Science 280:1039 - 1045. [the greatest extinction was apparently catastrophic] {Kerr, 1998 May 15}.

Kerr, 1998 May 15. PALEONTOLOGY: Biggest Extinction Looks Catastrophic. Science 280:1007. [the greatest extinction was apparently catastrophic] {Bowring et al., 1998 May 15}.

Alroy, 1998 May 1. Cope`s Rule and the Dynamics of Body Mass Evolution in North American Fossil Mammals. Science 280:731-734.

Kaiser, 1998 Apr 03. Population Biology: Inbreeding`s Kiss of Death. Science 280:35. [Evidence that inbreeding can increase danger of extinction] {Saccheri et al., 1998 Apr 02}.

Saccheri et al., 1998 Apr 02. Inbreeding and extinction in a butterfly metapopulation. Nature 392:491. [Evidence that inbreeding can increase danger of extinction] {Kaiser, 1998 Apr 03}.

Dugatkin and Godin, 1998 Apr. How Females Choose Their Mates. Scientific American. [sexual selection].

Losos et al., 1998 Mar 27. Contingency and Determinism in Replicated Adaptive Radiations of Island Lizards. Science 279:2115-2118. [convergent evolution] {Vogel, 1998 Mar 27}.

Vogel, 1998 Mar 27.EVOLUTION: For Island Lizards, History Repeats Itself. Science 279:2043. [convergent evolution] {Losos et al., 1998 Mar 27}.

Lyon, 1998 Mar 26. Optimal clutch size and conspecific brood parasitism. Nature 392:380. [trade-offs of brood parasitism important in clutch-size evolution].

Yuh et al., 1998 Mar 20. Genomic Cis-Regulatory Logic: Experimental and Computational Analysis of a Sea Urchin Gene. Science 279:1896-1902. [detailed analysis of a gene promotor] {Wray, 1998 Mar 20}.

Wray, 1998 Mar 20. TRANSCRIPTION: Promoter Logic. Science 279:1871. [evolution of gene regulation] {Yuh et al., 1998 Mar 20}.

Nielsen, 1998 Mar 05. Sequences lead to tree of worms. Nature 392:25. [nematode, phylogeny, parasitism] {Vida and Thomas, 1998 Mar 05}.

Smith and Jeffery, 1998 Mar 05. Selectivity of extinction among sea urchins at the end of the Cretaceous period. Nature 392:69-. [Nutrient supply was an important factor in K/T boundary extinctions] {Marshall, 1998 Mar 05}.

Marshall, 1998 Mar 05. Mass extinction probed. Nature 392:17-20. [Nutrient supply was an important factor in K/T boundary extinctions] {Smith and Jeffery, 1998 Mar 05}.

Vida and Thomas, 1998 Mar 05. A molecular evolutionary framework for the phylum Nematoda. Nature 392:71. [Phylogenetic analyses suggest that parasitic nematodes arose from free-living forms multiple times, and that present classification is based on convergent morphological evolution] {Nielsen, 1998 Mar 05}.

Lowe and Wray, 1998 Mar 05. Erratum: Radical alterations in the roles of homeobox genes during echinoderm evolution. Nature 392:105. [error correction] {Lowe and Wray, 1997 Oct 17}.

Jablonski, 1998 Feb 27. Geographic Variation in the Molluscan Recovery from the End-Cretaceous Extinction. Science 279:1327-1330. {Erwin, 1998 Feb 27}

Erwin, 1998 Feb 27. EVOLUTION: Enhanced: After the End: Recovery from Extinction. Science 279:1324. {Jablonski, 1998 Feb 27}

Kerr, 1998 Feb 27. CLIMATE: Sea Floor Records Reveal Interglacial Climate Cycles. Science 279:1304. {Oppo et al., 1998 Feb 27}

Oppo et al., 1998 Feb 27. Abrupt Climate Events 500,000 to 340,000 Years Ago: Evidence from Subpolar North Atlantic Sediments . Science 279:1335. {Kerr, 1998 Feb 27}

Wagner, 1998 Feb 20. EVOLUTION: Complexity Matters. Science 279:1158. [Evolutionary mutability decreases with increasing organismal complexity.] {Waxman and Peck, 1998 Feb 20}.

Waxman and Peck, 1998 Feb 20. Pleiotropy and the Preservation of Perfection. Science 279:1210-1213. {Wagner, 1998 Feb 20}.

Kitagawa and Plicht, 1998 Feb 20. Atmospheric Radiocarbon Calibration to 45,000 yr B.P.: Late Glacial Fluctuations and Cosmogenic Isotope Production . Science 279:1187-1190.

Raymond et al., 1998 Feb 12. Evidence for evolutionary conservation of sex-determining genes. Nature391:691. [Sex-determining genes in fruit fly and nematode are similar, and may be related to genes involved in sexual development in mammals.]

Freudenreich et al., 1998 Feb 06. Expansion and Length-Dependent Fragility of CTG Repeats in Yeast. Science 279:853-856. [The expansion of trinucleotide repeats is likely the causitive mutation in many genetic diseases, and may produce fragile sites for chromosome breakage.]

Agosti et al., 1998 Jan 29. Oldest known ant fossils discovered. Nature 391:447.

Bevan et al.1998 Jan 29. Analysis of 1.9Mb of contiguous sequence from chromosome 4 of Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature 391:485-. {Ecker, 1998 Jan 29}

Ecker, 1998 Jan 29. Genes blossom from a weed.Nature. 391:439-439. {Bevan et al.1998 Jan 29}

Maley and Marshall, 1998 Jan 23. EVOLUTION: The Coming of Age of Molecular Systematics. Science 279:505.

Hurst and Pomiankowski, 1998 Jan 15. The eyes have it. Nature 391:223-224. Evidence for a molecular mechanism behind sexual selection. {Wilkinson et al., 1998 Jan 15}

Wilkinson et al., 1998 Jan 15. Male eye span in stalk-eyed flies indicates genetic quality by meiotic drive suppression. Nature 391:276. {Hurst and Pomiankowski, 1998 Jan 15; Milius, 1998 Jan 17}

Crameri et al., 1998 Jan 15. DNA shuffling of a family of genes from diverse species accelerates directed evolution. Nature 391:288.

Hughen et al., 1998 Jan 01. Deglacial changes in ocean circulation from an extended radiocarbon calibration. Nature 391:65. [Radiocarbon calibration extended back to 14.5kyr BP.]

Wyllie, 1998 Jan 01. An endonuclease at last. Nature 391:20-21. [A portion of the biochemical machinery of programmed self-destruction].


Political, Religious, and Educational Issues
[to top]

Beer, 1998 Nov 5. Wondrous correctness. Nature 396:33.
Book Review of Unweaving the Rainbow by Richard Dawkins.

Davis, 1998 Nov-Dec. A God Who Does Not Itemize Versus a Science of the Sacred. American Scientist 86 (Nov-Dec 1998).
Book Review of Skeptics and True Believers: The Exhilarating Connection between Science and Religion by Chet Raymo.
Book Review of Belief in God in an Age of Science by John Polkinghorne.

1998 Oct 23, Marshall. CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY: DNA Studies Challenge the Meaning of Race. Science 282: 654-655. [gene frequency; activism].

Holden, 1998 Apr 10. Science Education: Academy Rallies Teachers on Evolution. Science 280:194. [The National Academy of Sciences defends the teaching of evolution].

Williams, 1998 Mar 27. HISTORY OF SCIENCE: Darwin`s House: A Monument to a Theory. Science 279:2035. [restoration of C. Darwin`s house].

Wise, 1998 Mar.Creationism`s Geologic Time Scale. American Scientist (March-April). [flood, creationism, Noah, religion, Bible, fossils, dating, geology].

Marshall 1998 Jan 02. HUMAN GENOME PROJECT: Physicists Urge Technology Push to Reach 2005 Target. Science 279:23. [Sequencing all 3 billion bases of the human genome by 2005 won`t be easy.]

[to top]

Copyright © 1998 Stanley C. Spencer. All Rights Reserved.


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