EVOLUTION RESEARCH NEWS

News: 2008

News relating to evolution from American Scientist, Nature, Science ,and Scientific American are listed. The most recent articles are first.

NATURE: Search
SCIENCE: Search, Evolution, Paleontology, Anthropology, Molecular Biology, Genetics.


COLOR KEY:
Artificial Life; Origin of Life, Eukaryotes, Organelles; Origin/Evolution of Prokaryotes, Viruses, Introns, etc.
Ancient Birds; Dinosaurs; Other Ancient Reptiles
Human Origins and Evolution; Domestication
Other Evolutionary Biology
Political, Religious, and Educational Issues

 
Prum, 2008 Dec 19. EVOLUTION: Who's Your Daddy? Science 322:1799-1800. "The male-only nest care system of some birds may have its evolutionary origins in theropod dinosaur behavior."

 
Varricchio et al., 2008 Dec 19. Avian Paternal Care Had Dinosaur Origin. Science 322:1826-1828. "The large egg clutches of troodontid and oviraptor dinosaurs and evidence that fossils of brooding dinosaurs were males shows that paternal care was ancestral to birds."

 
?, 2008 Dec 18. Evolution: Genetic bric-a-brac. (restricted access) Nature 456:841.

 
?, 2008 Dec 18. Evolution: Yeast rewired. (restricted access) Nature 456:842.

 
Jones, 2008 Dec 18. A wonderful life by leaps and bounds. (restricted access) Nature 456:873. "Stephen Jay Gould's idea of evolution by bursts was controversial. But it gave the field of palaeontology a long-overdue boost."

 
Boussau et al., 2008 Dec 18. Parallel adaptations to high temperatures in the Archaean eon. (restricted access) Nature 456:942.

 
Koerich et al., 2008 Dec 18. Low conservation of gene content in the Drosophila Y chromosome. (restricted access) Nature 456:949.

 
Grula, 2008 Dec 12. Gene Regulation in Evolution: A History . Science 322:1633.

 
Charlesworth, 2008 Dec 5. EVOLUTION: Competitive Centromeres. Science 322:1484-1485. "Divergence in DNA sequence associated with a common chromosomal element is linked to fitness and evolution of a wild species of flower."

 
?, 2008 Dec 4. Evolution: Electric love. (restricted access) Nature 456:548.

 
Boisvert et al., 2008 Dec 4. The pectoral fin of Panderichthys and the origin of digits. Nature 456:636.

 
Briggs et al., 2008 Nov-Dec. Virtual Fossils from 425 Million-year-old Volcanic Ash. American Scientist. Exceptional fossils reveal a diverse Silurian sea-floor community.

 
Lehrman , 2008 Nov. The Christian Man's Evolution: How Darwinism and Faith Can Coexist. Scientific America. A geneticist ordained as a Dominican priest, Francisco J. Ayala sees no conflict between Darwinism and faith. Convincing most of the American public of that remains the challenge.

 
Wax , 2008 Oct. Using Math to Explain How Life on Earth Began. Scientific America. How did self-replicating molecules come to dominate the early Earth? Using the mathematics of evolutionary dynamics, Martin A. Nowak can explain the change from no life to life.

 
Hunt, 2008 Nov 28. EVOLUTION: All for One and One for All. (restricted access) Nature 322:1327. "Summarizing the past couple of decades of research on the ecology and evolution of social insects—with their tightly knit colonies, altruistic cooperation, complex communication, and division of labor—Hölldobler and Wilson argue that these "superorganisms" represent a basic stage of biological organization, between the organism and the species."

 
Brohawn et al., 2008 Nov 28. Structural Evidence for Common Ancestry of the Nuclear Pore Complex and Vesicle Coats. Nature 322:1369-1373. "The protein complex that controls entry and exit from the cell nucleus shares a structural element with vesicle coat proteins, suggesting that it is built around a lattice-like scaffold."

 
Reisz & Head, 2008 Nov 27. Palaeontology: Turtle origins out to sea. Nature 456:450. "Various aspects of turtle evolution are the subject of vigorous debate among vertebrate palaeontologists. A newly described fossil species, the oldest yet discovered, adds grist to the mill."

 
Li et al., 2008 Nov 27. An ancestral turtle from the Late Triassic of southwestern China. Nature 456:497-501.

 
Grey et al., 2008 Nov 21. Variation in Evolutionary Patterns Across the Geographic Range of a Fossil Bivalve. Nature 322:1238-1241. "Within a fossil bivalve genus, evolution tended to occur as a random walk at the highest latitudes and to be in stasis mode in deep marine environments."

 
Price et al., 2008 Nov 21. Selfish Genetic Elements Promote Polyandry in a Fly. Nature 322:1241-1243. "Genes that confer a deleterious sex ratio in Drosophila also decrease male fertility and promote repetitive mating in females, providing a possible explanation of polyandry."

 
?, 2008 Nov 20. Darwin 200: The needs of the many. (restricted access) Nature 456:296. "The idea that natural selection acts on groups, as well as individuals, is a source of unending debate. Marek Kohn reports on what the two sides disagree about — and why it matters to them."

 
?, 2008 Nov 20. Darwin 200: Beneath the surface. (restricted access) Nature 456:300. "You might think that once evolution has found one way to get something done, it will stick with it. But similar physical forms can hide radically different wiring, finds Tanguy Chouard."

 
?, 2008 Nov 20. Darwin 200: An eye for the eye. (restricted access) Nature 456:304. "A celebration of one of evolution's crowning glories."

 
?, 2008 Nov 20. Darwin 200: Let's make a mammoth. (restricted access) Nature 456:310. "Evolution assumes that extinction is forever. Maybe not. Henry Nicholls asks what it would take to bring the woolly mammoth back from the dead."

 
?, 2008 Nov 20. Darwin 200: Great expectations. Nature 456:317. "A new path for evolution? A truce in the culture wars? Here's what a selection of readers told Nature they expect from Darwin 200."

 
Milinski, 2008 Nov 20. Colonies that conquer. Nature 456:320. "A landmark book documents how social insects form highly successful colonies that mimic a single organism."

 
Baker, 2008 Nov 20. Darwin: heading to a town near you. Nature 456:322. "The theory of evolution challenges artists and philosophers as much as scientists. Joanne Baker rounds up the many forthcoming events worldwide that examine Darwin's life, his work and reactions to it."

 
Bowles, 2008 Nov 20. Being human: Conflict: Altruism's midwife. Nature 456:326. "Generosity and solidarity towards one's own may have emerged only in combination with hostility towards outsiders."

 
Hofreiter, 2008 Nov 20. DNA sequencing: Mammoth genomics. Nature 456:330. "Reconstruction of most of the genome sequence of the woolly mammoth illustrates how such investigations will pave the way for a deeper understanding of the biology and evolution of extinct species."

 
Bohannon, 2008 Nov 14. EVOLUTION: Vatican Science Conference Offers an Ambiguous Message. (restricted access) Nature 322:1038. "Scientists who hoped for a clear statement of support for evolution from the Catholic Church at a closed-door conference on evolutionary origins held at the Vatican last week went home empty-handed. Others, expecting little, were happy with a détente between science and faith."

 
Simpson et al., 2008 Nov 14. A Female Homo erectus Pelvis from Gona, Ethiopia. Nature 322:. "A nearly complete pelvis of an adult female Homo erectus reveals that its morphology had evolved in response to increasing fetal brain size, not environmental factors."

 
Bowler et al., 2008 Nov 13. . Nature 456:239. "The Phaeodactylum genome reveals the evolutionary history of diatom genomes."

 
Maher, 2008 Nov 6. Personal genomes: The case of the missing heritability. (restricted access) Nature 456:18. "When scientists opened up the human genome, they expected to find the genetic components of common traits and diseases. But they were nowhere to be seen."

 
Balter, 2008 Oct 31. EVOLUTION: Two Sets of Cave Bear DNA Uncover the Bear Facts. (restricted access) Nature 322:662. "A paper published online this week helps untangle bear phylogeny by presenting the mitochondrial genome of the extinct cave bear, Ursus spelaeus. Another paper, published last July, also reported the complete mitochondrial DNA of the cave bear as well as that of the extinct American short-faced bear, Arctodus simus."

 
Culotta, 2008 Oct 31. SOCIETY OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY 68TH ANNUAL MEETING: Two Legs Good. (restricted access) Nature 322:670-671. "At the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology meeting, researchers presented a single bone, the thighbone of an ancient australopithecine from Galili, Ethiopia, that may add an interesting piece to the puzzle of how our famed ancestor "Lucy's" two-legged gait evolved."

 
Stokstad, 2008 Oct 31. SOCIETY OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY 68TH ANNUAL MEETING: Snapshots From the Meeting. (restricted access) Nature 322:671. "Snapshots from the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology meeting include the earliest tree-climber, a dinosaur-cruncher, and evidence that dinosaurs were struck down in their prime and that dinosaurs of at least one species were picky eaters as children."

 
Jacobs et al., 2008 Oct 31. Ages for the Middle Stone Age of Southern Africa: Implications for Human Behavior and Dispersal. Nature 322:733-735. "Dating of the first use of symbols and jewelry in South Africa shows that the emergence of modern human behavior was not influenced by just environmental factors."

 
Technau, 2008 Oct 30. Evolutionary biology: Small regulatory RNAs pitch in. Nature 455:1184. "How did organismal complexity evolve at a cellular level, and how does a genome encode it? The answer might lie in differences, not in the number of genes an organism has, but rather in the regulation of gene expression."

 
Grimson et al., 2008 Oct 30. Early origins and evolution of microRNAs and Piwi-interacting RNAs in animals. Nature 455:1193.

 
Kerr, 2008 Oct 17. MASS EXTINCTION: Most Devastating Mass Extinction Followed Long Bout of Sea Sickness. (restricted access) Nature 322:359. "Fouled waters are looking more and more like the cause of the ocean's greatest mass extinction 252 million years ago. The witches' brew that may have wiped out 90% of marine species in a geologic moment "had been stewing for millions of years," paleontologists say."

 
Coller and Kruglyak, 2008 Oct 17. GENETICS: It's the Sequence, Stupid!. (restricted access) Nature 322:380-381. "Differences in regulatory DNA sequences drive species-specific gene expression."

 
Wilson et al., 2008 Oct 17. Species-Specific Transcription in Mice Carrying Human Chromosome 21. Nature 322:434-438. "An aneuploid mouse carrying a human chromosome shows that genetic sequence can dominate epigenetic, cellular, and organismal effects in determining transcriptional regulation and gene expression."

 
Downs et al., 2008 Oct 16. The cranial endoskeleton of Tiktaalik roseae. Nature 455:925-929.

 
Sander and Clauss, 2008 Oct 10. PALEONTOLOGY: Sauropod Gigantism. (restricted access) Nature 322:200-201. "How did sauropod dinosaurs reach body sizes that remain unsurpassed in land-living animals?"

 
Cresko, 2008 Oct 10. EVOLUTION: Armor Development and Fitness. (restricted access) Nature 322:204-206. "The fitness of stickleback fish that develop different numbers of external bony plates varies between oceanic and freshwater environments."

 
Barrett et al., 2008 Oct 10. Natural Selection on a Major Armor Gene in Threespine Stickleback. Nature 322:255-257. "In stickleback fish transferred to fresh water, selection against the allele for the costly armor plating only partly explains the changes in allele frequencies over generations."

 
Ruse, 2008 Oct 3. EVOLUTION: A Challenge Standing on Shaky Clay. Nature 322:47-48. "The author holds that for most of Western history, science and religion have "gone hand in hand," and he takes the search for intelligent design in nature to have been an overriding concern of science."

 
Smith and Donoghue, 2008 Oct 3. Rates of Molecular Evolution Are Linked to Life History in Flowering Plants. Nature 322:86-89. "A phylogenetic analysis shows that long-lived trees and shrubs have lower rates of molecular evolution than short-lived herbaceous plants."

 
?, 2008 Oct 2. Evolution: Vampire genes. (restricted access) Nature 455:568.

 
Kirkpatrick & Price, 2008 Oct 2. Sensory ecology: In sight of speciation. Nature 455:601. "Adaptation of a fish's eyes to its visual environment can bias females to mate with different males according to their coloration. This sensory preference can contribute to the formation of new species."

 
Seehausen et al., 2008 Oct 2. Speciation through sensory drive in cichlid fish. Nature 455:.

 
Wilson and Wilson, 2008 Sep-Oct. Evolution "for the Good of the Group." American Scientist. "It's time for a more discriminating assessment of group selection."

 
Wax, 2008 Sep-Oct. Using Math to Explain How Life on Earth Began. American Scientist. "How did self-replicating molecules come to dominate the early earth? Using the mathematics of evolutionary dynamics, Martin A. Nowak can explain the change from no life to life."

 
Schultz, 2008 Aug. Monogamy Is Responsible for the Evolution of Bees. Scientific American.

 
Clery, 2008 Sep 26. Misjudged Talk Opens Creationist Rift at Royal Society. Science 321:1752-1753. "Last week, a talk titled "Should Creationism Be a Part of the Science Curriculum?" cost the speaker, Michael Reiss, his job as director of education at the Royal Society, Britain's academy of science."

 
Efferson et al., 2008 Sep 26. The Coevolution of Cultural Groups and Ingroup Favoritism. Science 321:1844-1849. "Results of a laboratory game show that cultural groups and ingroup favoritism arise spontaneously when individuals display an external marker that predicts their actions."

 
?, 2008 Sep 25. Creation and classrooms. Nature 455:431. "Better to confront superstition with science than to disregard the superstitious."

 
?, 2008 Sep 25. Whale of a tail. Nature 455:435.

 
?, 2008 Sep 25. Creationism row forces out UK educator. Nature 455:441.

 
?, 2008 Sep 18. Sexy and doomed. Nature 455:266.

 
?, 2008 Sep 18. Eggs in many baskets. Nature 455:267.

 
?, 2008 Sep 18. Postmodern evolution? Nature 455:281. "This summer a group of high-profile researchers met in Altenberg, Austria, to try and plot the future course of evolutionary theory. John Whitfield was there."

 
Lee et al., 2008 Sep 18. Structural insights into the evolutionary paths of oxylipin biosynthetic enzymes. Nature 455:363.

 
Gibbons, 2008 Sep 12. Brainy Babies and Risky Births for Neandertals. Science 321:1429. "A new study of a rare Neandertal newborn and two infants shows that our closest relatives were born with brains as large as ours and that those brains grew rapidly during the first few years of life."

 
Roy, 2008 Sep 12. Dynamics of Body Size Evolution. Science 321:1451-1452. "Is bigger better? Does climate affect size? The processes controlling body size evolution remain unclear."

 
Brusatte et al., 2008 Sep 12. Superiority, Competition, and Opportunism in the Evolutionary Radiation of Dinosaurs. Science 321:1485-1488. "During their early radiation, dinosaur morphology evolved at comparable rates to that of competing archosaurs, implying that opportunity, not superiority, influences their success."

 
?, 2008 Sep 11. The new mother lode. Nature 455:153. "Palaeontologists in Argentina are exploring a trove of fossils that is rewriting evolutionary history. Rex Dalton reports."

 
Warren et al., 2008 Sep 11. Genome analysis of the platypus reveals unique signatures of evolution. Nature 455:256.

 
Hong, 2008 Sep 5. Shadow Enhancers as a Source of Evolutionary Novelty. Science 321:1314. "Some developmentally important genes can be regulated via two enhancers, one located nearby and the other, a "shadow" enhancer, 10 to 20 kilobases away."

 
Cowie, 2008 Sep 4. Science is partially based on faith. Nature 455:26.

 
Kutschera, 2008 Aug 29. From Darwinism to Evolutionary Biology. Science 321:1157-1158.

 
?, 2008 Aug 28. Commonality and cuckoos. Nature 454:1032.

 
?, 2008 Aug 28. Serotonin for mothers. Nature 454:1032.

 
?, 2008 Aug 28. Megabite. Nature 454:1033.

 
Dalton, 2008 Aug 28. Fresh doubts over T. rex chicken link. Nature 454:1035. "Critics call on researchers to disclose protein spectra data."

 
?, 2008 Aug 28. The evolution of cancer. Nature 454:1046. "Cancer cells vary; they compete; the fittest survive. Patrick Goymer reports on how evolutionary biology can be applied to cancer — and what good it might do."

 
Cobb & Coyne, 2008 Aug 28. Atheism could be science's contribution to religion. Nature 454:1049.

 
Srivastava, 2008 Aug 21. The Trichoplax genome and the nature of placozoans. Nature 454:955.

 
Ghazanfar, 2008 Aug 15. Bridging the Big Gap. Science 321:914. "Drawing on neuroscience, cultural evolution, and human biology, the author argues for an approach that abandons "prehistory" and unites our recent and deep pasts."

 
Pennisi, 2008 Aug 8. Deciphering the Genetics of Evolution. Science 321:760-763. "Powerful personalities in evolutionary biology have been tussling over how the genome changes to set the stage for evolution."

 
Marais and Rausher, 2008 Aug 7. Escape from adaptive conflict after duplication in an anthocyanin pathway gene. Nature 454:762.

 
Zimmer, 2008 Aug 1. Is Dinosaur 'Soft Tissue' Really Slime? Science 321:623. "This week, scientists challenged a 2005 report of intact blood vessels from a Tyrannosaurus rex fossil, arguing that the dinosaur flesh was in fact just coatings of young bacteria. But the original researchers stand by their results, calling the new argument weak."

 
Stix, 2008 Jul. The Migration History of Humans: DNA Study Traces Human Origins Across the Continents. Scientific American (July). "DNA furnishes an ever clearer picture of the multimillennial trek from Africa all the way to the tip of South America."

 
Shermer, 2008 Jul. Sacred Science: Using Faith to Explain Anomalies in Physics. Scientific American (July). "Can emergence break the spell of reductionism and put spirituality back into nature?"

 
Reed, 2008 Jul. Chemical Fossils Preserved in Lava Reveal Remains of Ancient Sea Life. Scientific American (July). "Searching for microfossils inside igneous rocks."

 
Myers, 2008 Jul 31. The creationist controversy. Nature 454:581.
Book Review of Only a Theory: Evolution and the Battle for America's Soul by Kenneth R. Miller.

 
Peters, 2008 Jul 31. Environmental determinants of extinction selectivity in the fossil record. Nature 454:626.

 
Vonk et al., 2008 Jul 31. Evolutionary origin and development of snake fangs. Nature 454:630.

 
Hasselmann et al., 2008 Jul 24. Evidence for the evolutionary nascence of a novel sex determination pathway in honeybees. Nature 454:519.

 
Clauset and Erwin, 2008 Jul 18. The Evolution and Distribution of Species Body Size. Science 321:399-401. "A model of evolutionary body-size changes that accounts for physical constraints and extinction risk reproduces the size distribution of land mammals from the Quaternary."

 
Bass et al., 2008 Jul 18. Evolutionary Origins for Social Vocalization in a Vertebrate Hindbrain–Spinal Compartment. Science 321:417-421. "The conserved neural circuitry for vocal communication in fish and other tetrapods suggests that this function may have originated prior to the evolution of bony vertebrates."

 
, 2008 Jul 17. Evolution: Sea skeletons. (restricted access) Nature 454:257.

 
Pennisi, 2008 Jul 11. Modernizing the Modern Synthesis. (restricted access) Science 321:196-197. "Seventy years ago, evolutionary biologists hammered out the modern synthesis to bring Darwin's ideas in line with current insights into how organisms change through time. Some say it's time for Modern Synthesis 2.0."

 
?, 2008 Jul 10. Photosynthetic ancestors. (restricted access) Nature 454:141.

 
?, 2008 Jul 10. Texas educator sues over job loss and creationism. (restricted access) Nature 454:150.

 
Janvier, 2008 Jul 10. Squint of the fossil flatfish. Nature 454:169. "Evolutionary biologists have floundered when trying to explain how the asymmetrical head of flatfishes came about. 'Gradually' is the answer arising from exquisite studies of 45-million-year-old fossil specimens."

 
Friedman, 2008 Jul 10. The evolutionary origin of flatfish asymmetry. Nature 454:209.

 
Pennisi, 2008 Jul 11. Where Have All Thoreau's Flowers Gone? (restricted access) Science 321:24-25. "By retracing Henry David Thoreau's footsteps during his famous stay at Walden Pond, researchers have detected a disturbing pattern in the fate of scores of plant species as the New England climate has changed since Thoreau's time, one that they described last week at the Evolution 2008 meeting."

 
Sanderson, 2008 Jul 11. Phylogenetic Signal in the Eukaryotic Tree of Life. Science 321:121-123. "A survey of sequences in GenBank, which represent about 10 percent of described species, shows that the patchy distribution of data is insufficient to build a eukaryotic tree of life."

 
?, 2008 Jul 3. Linnean Society celebrates seminal evolution papers. Nature 454:14.

 
?, 2008 Jul 3. Details of being human. (restricted access) Nature 454:21. "A difference in one molecule led physician Ajit Varki to question what sets humans apart from other apes. Bruce Lieberman meets a man who sees a big picture in the finer points."

 
Borgerhoff Mulder, 2008 Jul 3. Bonding as key to hominid origins. (restricted access) Nature 454:29. "Primatology meets socio-cultural analysis in a controversial account of human evolution."
Book Review of Primeval Kinship: How Pair-Bonding Gave Birth To Human Society by Bernard Chapais.

 
Deamer, 2008 Jul 3. How leaky were primitive cells? Nature 454:37. "If the first cells were simple vesicles, how did nutrients cross their membranes without help from transport proteins? A model of a primitive cell suggests that early membranes were surprisingly permeable."

 
Zimmer, 2008 June. What Is a Species? Scientific American. "To this day, scientists struggle with that question. A better definition can influence which animals make the endangered list."

 
Rybicki,, 2008 June. Where Did Viruses Come From? Scientific American. "Tracing the origins of viruses is difficult because they do not leave fossils and because of how cunningly they make copies of themselves within cells."

 
Wong, 2008 June. Hobbit Hullabaloo. Scientific American "New findings challenge the idea of a mini human species on Flores."

 
Pennisi, 2008 Jun 27. Building the Tree of Life, Genome by Genome. (restricted access) Science 320:1716-1717. "Cheaper sequencing has put many more genes into the hands of researchers trying to sort out the degree of relatedness of a menagerie of organisms. Thanks to one such "phylogenomic" analysis reported on page 1763 of this week's issue of Science, bird guides may never be the same."

 
Hackett et al., 2008 Jun 27. A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History. Science 320:1763-1768. "Nuclear DNA sequences of 19 loci from 169 bird species lead to a revised phylogenetic tree of avian evolution, in which several well-accepted orders are not monophyletic."

 
Ledford, 2008 Jun 26. Population genomics for fruitflies. Nature 453:1154. "Aggressive drosophila prompt study of genetic make-up."

 
Levy et al., 2008 Jun 26. Assembly reflects evolution of protein complexes. Nature 453:1262.

 
Emerson et al., 2008 Jun 20. Natural Selection Shapes Genome-Wide Patterns of Copy-Number Polymorphism in Drosophila melanogaster. Science 320:1629-1631. "A high-resolution analysis of gene copy number in Drosphila species shows that most variations are deleterious but a few for resistance to toxins are being positively selected."

 
Ley et al., 2008 Jun 20. Evolution of Mammals and Their Gut Microbes . Science 320:1647-1651. "Genomic sampling of the microbes in the feces of 60 mammals show that herbivores harbor the most diversity and that individuals of the same species have the same flora."

 
Gee, 2008 Jun 19. The amphioxus unleashed. Nature 453:999. "The genome sequence of a species of amphioxus, an iconic organism in the history of evolutionary biology, opens up a fresh vista on the comparative investigation of chordates and vertebrates."

 
Putnam et al., 2008 Jun 19. The amphioxus genome and the evolution of the chordate karyotype. Nature 453:1064.

 
Lazcano, 2008 Jun 5. Evolutionary theory: it's on the school syllabus in Mexico. Nature 453:719.

 
Williams and Ebach, 2008 Jun 5. Evolutionary theory: don't skimp on teaching its history . Nature 453:719.

 
Sasidharan and Gerstein, 2008 Jun 5. Protein fossils live on as RNA. Nature 453:729. "Pseudogenes constitute many of the non-coding DNA sequences that make up large parts of genomes. Once considered merely protein fossils, it now emerges that some of them have active regulatory roles."

 
González-José et al., 2008 Jun 5. . Nature 453:775. "Cladistic analysis of continuous modularized traits provides phylogenetic signals in Homo evolution."

 
Carroll and Prudhomme, 2008 May. Regulating Evolution: How Gene Switches Make Life. Scientific American (May 2008). "Switches within DNA that govern when and where genes are turned on enable genomes to generate the great diversity of animal forms from very similar sets of genes."

 
Balter, 2008 May 30. Ancient DNA From Frozen Hair May Untangle Eskimo Roots. Science 320:1146-1147. "This week, researchers report online in Science the sequencing of mitochondrial DNA from a male Paleo-Eskimo who lived in western Greenland roughly 4000 years ago--the first near-complete ancient mtDNA genome ever published."

 
Hughes et al., 2008 May 30. Ancestral Monogamy Shows Kin Selection Is Key to the Evolution of Eusociality. Science 320:1213-1216. "Monogamy prevailed in the ancestral lineages of bees and wasps, suggesting that high relatedness was critical to the evolution of their complex, cooperative social systems."

 
Ekelund and Rønn, 2008 May 29. If you don't need change, maybe you don't need sex. (restricted access) Nature 453:587.

 
Martens and Schon, 2008 May 29. Ancient asexuals: darwinulids not exposed. (restricted access) Nature 453:587.

 
Schal, 2008 May 29. Evolutionary biology: Sex ratios writ small. Nature 453:605. "The evolutionary theory of sex ratios should apply to all creatures, both great and small. Experimental studies of the proportions of male to female sex cells of malaria parasites deliver cheering results."

 
Reece et al., 2008 May 29. . Nature 453:609. "Sex ratio adjustment and kin discrimination in malaria parasites."

 
Rambaut et al., 2008 May 29. The genomic and epidemiological dynamics of human influenza A virus. Nature 453:615.

 
Glaubrecht, 2008 May 23. Hard Facts About Soft Animals. (restricted access) Science 320:1014-1015. "The contributors combine data from anatomy, ecology, paleontology, and genomics to provide a summary of what we do and do not know about the evolutionary relationships of molluscs."

 
Schultz et al., 2008 May 22. Pseudogene-derived small interfering RNAs regulate gene expression in mouse oocytes. Nature 453:534.

 
Hecht, 2008 May 22. The Neanderthal correlation. (restricted access) Nature 453:562. "A question of breeding."

 
Flack, 2008 May 22. Security in an uncertain world. (restricted access) Nature 453:451. "Biological protection systems that have evolved over billions of years could be the key to strengthening national defences against unforeseen threats."
Book Review of Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World by Raphael D. Sagarin and Terence Taylor.

 
McDermott, 2008 May 15. The evolution of music. (restricted access) Nature 453:287. "In the second of a nine-part essay series, Josh McDermott explores the origins of the human urge to make and hear music."

 
Hanikenne et al., 2008 May 15. Evolution of metal hyperaccumulation required cis-regulatory changes and triplication of HMA4. Nature 453:391.

 
?, 2008 May 15. Genome analysis of the platypus reveals unique signatures of evolution. Nature 453:175.

 
Stevens, 2008 May 9. Evolution and Faith: Empathy Is Misplaced. (restricted access) Science 320:745.

 
Whipple, 2008 May 9. Evolution and Faith: Empathy Is Crucial. (restricted access) Science 320:745-746.

 
Pennisi, 2008 May 2. Fossils Help Figure Out Food Webs Old and New. (restricted access) Science 320:598-599. "A daring analysis of fossils from China and Canada shows that marine plants and animals from the Cambrian Period formed food webs on par with those existing today."

 
?, 2008 May 1. Creationists fail in bid to offer 'science' degrees. (restricted access) Nature 453:15.

 
Kutschera, 2008 May 1. Darwin–Wallace principle of natural selection. (restricted access) Nature 453:27.

 
Moore, 2008 May 1. Science teaching must evolve. Nature 453:31. "Evolutionary theory, study and knowledge moved on dramatically in the latter half of the twentieth century, but school teaching, curricula and teacher training are still in the primeval soup era."

 
Leitch and Leitch, 2008 Apr 25. Genomic Plasticity and the Diversity of Polyploid Plants. Science 320:481-483.

 
Gaut and Ross-Ibarra, 2008 Apr 25. Selection on Major Components of Angiosperm Genomes. Science 320:484-486.

 
Tang et al., 2008 Apr 25. Synteny and Collinearity in Plant Genomes. Science 320:486-488.

 
Culotta, 2008 Apr 25. When Hobbits (Slowly) Walked the Earth. (restricted access) Science 320:433-435. 'At the recent American Association of Physical Anthropology meetings, a researcher described the foot bones of an 18,000-year-old Indonesian skeleton known as the "hobbit." The tiny hominin would not have walked like we do, he said, and may offer "a window into a primitive bipedal foot."'

 
Joseph et al., 2008 Apr 25. Parsing the Evolution of Language. (restricted access) Science 320:446.

 
Organ, 2008 Apr 25. Molecular Phylogenetics of Mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex. Science 320:499. "Phylogenetic analyses of collagen protein fragments from fossils and 21 extant organisms group mastodons with elephants and Tyrannosaurus rex with birds."

 
Kuiper et al., 2008 Apr 25. Synchronizing Rock Clocks of Earth History. Science 320:500-504. "Tying an argon-argon dating standard to a section dated with Earth’s orbital variations yields older ages for the standard and for other events, including the K-T boundary."

 
Galkin et al., 2008 Apr 18. Divergence of Quaternary Structures Among Bacterial Flagellar Filaments. Science 320:382-385. "Flagellar proteins from two bacterial species diverge in their coiled-coil regions; only one triggers an immune response, which may have driven their evolutionary divergence."

 
?, 2008 Apr 17. Evolution supporters unhappy with Florida bill. (restricted access) Nature 452:796.

 
Isalan et al., 2008 Apr 17. Evolvability and hierarchy in rewired bacterial gene networks. Nature 452:840.

 
Harvey and Nicholas, 2008 Apr 17. Sophisticated particle-feeding in a large Early Cambrian crustacean. Nature 452:868.

 
Sheppard, 2008 Apr 11. Convergence of Campylobacter Species: Implications for Bacterial Evolution. Science 320:237-239. "A survey of two related human pathogens shows that they are merging, probably as a result of their proximity in a new ecological niche—the intestines of farmed animals."

 
Hayden, 2008 Apr 9. Scandal! Sex-starved and still surviving. Nature 452:678. "Some creatures have what it takes to survive long dry spells. How they do this may be revealed in their genes."

 
Schmidhuber, 2008 Apr 13. Comparing the legacies of Gauss, Pasteur and Darwin. (restricted access) Nature 452:530.

 
Tuch et al., 2008 Mar 28. Evolution of Eukaryotic Transcription Circuits. Science 319:1797-1799.

 
Carbonell et al., 2008 Mar 27. The first hominin of Europe. Nature 452:465.

 
Wagner et al., 2008 Mar 27. Pleiotropic scaling of gene effects and the 'cost of complexity.'. Nature 452:470.

 
Xiao, 2008 Mar 21. Rise and Demise of Ghostly Animals. (restricted access) Science 319:1618-1619. "The strange organisms of the Ediacaran are the topic of two recent titles, a monograph that will most interest paleontologists and evolutionary biologists and an account that will reward the general public."

 
Richmond and Jungers, 2008 Mar 21. Orrorin tugenensis Femoral Morphology and the Evolution of Hominin Bipedalism. Science 319:1662-1665. "Comparison of femora from an early, ostensibly human fossil to those from apes, humans, and hominins confirms that Orrorin tugenensis was a basal bipedal hominin." Manfred Milinski & Bettina Rockenbach

 
?, 2008 Mar 20. Punisher pays. Nature 452:297. "The tendency of humans to punish perceived free-loaders, even at a cost to themselves, is an evolutionary puzzle: punishers perish, and those who benefit the most are those who have never punished at all."

 
Xiao et al., 2008 Mar 14. A Retrotransposon-Mediated Gene Duplication Underlies Morphological Variation of Tomato Fruit. Science 319:1527-1530. "The gene causing elongated tomatoes arose from an unusual, transposon-mediated duplication that provided a new regulatory environment that increased its expression."

 
Poxleitner et al., 2008 Mar 14. Evidence for Karyogamy and Exchange of Genetic Material in the Binucleate Intestinal Parasite Giardia intestinalis. Science 319:1530-1533. "The unusual lack of accumulated mutations in asexual Giardia can be explained by the exchange of plasmid DNA between its two nuclei during the cyst phase."

 
Dalton, 2008 Mar 13. Pacific "dwarf" bones cause controversy. (restricted access) Nature 452:133. "Some researchers think the Palau finds are the remains of youngsters."

 
Leroi, 2008 Mar 13. One long argument. (restricted access) Nature 452:153. "Revisiting ancient Greek debates about the natural world should broaden biologists' horizons."
Book Review of Creationism and its Critics in Antiquity by David Sedley.

 
Wakeley, 2008 Mar 13. Complex speciation of humans and chimpanzees. Nature 452:E3.

 
Patterson et al., 2008 Mar 13. Patterson et al. reply. Nature 452:E4.

 
Ellegren and Sheldon, 2008 Mar 13. Genetic basis of fitness differences in natural populations. Nature 452:169.

 
Venail et al., 2008 Mar 13. Diversity and productivity peak at intermediate dispersal rate in evolving metacommunities. Nature 452:210.

 
Dalton, 2008 Mar 6. Hobbit was 'a cretin.' (restricted access) Nature 452:12. "Fossil may be early example of hypothyroidism."

 
Tice, 2008 Mar 6. Modern life in ancient mats. (restricted access) Nature 452:40. "Microbial communities seem to have inhabited tidal sediments 2.9 billion years ago much as they do today — but what organisms were involved, and how they made their living, remain intriguing questions."

 
Shermer , 2008 Jan. Evolution and economics are both examples of a larger mysterious phenomenon. Scientific American (Jan 2008).

 
Wynn and Coolidge , 2008 Jan-Feb. Neandertals became extinct while Homo sapiens prospered. A marked contrast in mental capacities may account for these different fates. American Scientist (Jan-Feb 2008).

 
Pennisi, 2008 Feb 29. Rocking the Cradle of Humanity. (restricted access) Science 319:1182-1183. "The nation of Ethiopia is seeking to leverage its past--including its most famous daughter, the hominid called Lucy--to help secure its future."

 
Kokko, 2008 Feb 29. Happening Now, Outdoors. Science 319:1187-1188. "Drawing on decades of research in the Galapagos (especially their own work), the authors offer a comprehensive introduction to Darwin's finches and to evolutionary radiations on islands."

 
Gibson et al., 2008 Feb 29. Complete Chemical Synthesis, Assembly, and Cloning of a Mycoplasma genitalium Genome. Science 319:1215-1220. "A complete bacterial genome is synthesized, assembled, and cloned, providing a method that will be useful for generating large DNA molecules de novo."

 
?, 2008 Feb 28. Lone Star vs creationism. (restricted access) Nature 451:1030. "The battle against anti-scientific literalism continues. Next stop Texas."

 
Beccaloni and Smith, 2008 Feb 28. Celebrations for Darwin downplay Wallace's role. (restricted access) Nature 451:1050

 
Chin, 2008 Feb 28. Pest friends in the Cretaceous. (restricted access) Nature 451:1053. "Fossils preserved in amber hint at surprising links between dinosaurs and their insect contemporaries."
Book Review of What Bugged the Dinosaurs? Insects, Disease, and Death in the Cretaceous by George Poinar, Jr. and Roberta Poinar.

 
Harper Jr and Pfennig, 2008 Feb 28. Selection overrides gene flow to break down maladaptive mimicry. Nature 451:1103.

 
Santorelli et al., 2008 Feb 28. Facultative cheater mutants reveal the genetic complexity of cooperation in social amoebae. Nature 451:1107.

 
Balter, 2008 Feb 22. How Human Intelligence Evolved--Is It Science or 'Paleofantasy'? Science 319:1028. "At the AAAS annual meeting here from February 14 to 18, a panel of top researchers discussed what, if anything, scientists have learned about the evolution of human intelligence."

 
Couzin, 2008 Feb 22. Crossing the Divide. (restricted access) Science 319:1034-1036. "Like others who have rejected creationism and embraced evolution, paleontologist Stephen Godfrey is still recovering from the traumatic journey. "

 
Li et al., 2008 Feb 22. Worldwide Human Relationships Inferred from Genome-Wide Patterns of Variation. Science 319:1100-1104. "Analysis of variation in 51 human populations reveals details of European subpopulations and confirms that humans formed a chain of colonies as they radiated out from Africa."

 
Keeling, 2008 Feb 21. Bridge over troublesome plastids. Nature 451:896. "Identification of a direct link between apicomplexan parasites and their algal ancestors is a development full of promise. It illuminates a dark corner in the evolution of photosynthesis, and further insights are to come."

 
Dial et al., 2008 Feb 21. A fundamental avian wing-stroke provides a new perspective on the evolution of flight. Nature 451:985.

 
Lohmueller et al., 2008 Feb 21. Proportionally more deleterious genetic variation in European than in African populations. Nature 451:994.

 
Jakobsson et al., 2008 Feb 21. Genotype, haplotype and copy-number variation in worldwide human populations. Nature 451:998.

 
Abedin and King, 2008 Feb 15. The Premetazoan Ancestry of Cadherins. Science 319:946-948. "A close unicellular relative of metazoans unexpectedly contains 23 genes for a cell adhesion protein, suggesting a role for the protein in the evolution of multicellularity."

 
?, 2008 Feb 14. Genomes evolve, but how? Nature 451:771.
Book Review of The Origins of Genome Architecture by Michael Lynch.

 
Speakman, 2008 Feb 14. A first for bats. Nature 451:774. "Which came first as bats evolved — flight or echolocation? Newly described fossils favour the flight-first hypothesis. But these creatures may have been otherwise equipped for flying at night."

 
Hendry, 2008 Feb 14. Darwin in the fossils. (restricted access) Nature 451:779. "Adaptation by natural selection is thought to drive evolution. Although it has been difficult to confirm this process in the fossil record, evidence has been there all along: we just haven't been looking properly."

 
King et al., 2008 Feb 14. The genome of the choanoflagellate Monosiga brevicollis and the origin of metazoans. Nature 451:783.

 
Simmons et al., 2008 Feb 14. Primitive Early Eocene bat from Wyoming and the evolution of flight and echolocation. Nature 451:818.

 
Muzinic, 2008 Feb 7. Darwin's legacy makes its mark in Croatia. (restricted access) Nature 451:627.

 
Padian, 2008 Feb 7. Darwin's enduring legacy. Nature 451:632. "As the 200th year since the great naturalist's birth begins, Kevin Padian looks forward to a season of celebration by outlining how Darwin's ideas changed scientific thinking."

 
Gouy and Chaussidon, 2008 Feb 7. Ancient bacteria liked it hot. Nature 451:635. "Proteins from ancestral bacteria have been modelled and reconstructed. Strikingly, the heat stability of these proteins parallels the temperatures of their ocean habitats, as determined from the geological record."

 
Phillips, 2008 Feb 7. Who shouldn't be your daddy. (restricted access) Nature 451:640. "Unusual reproductive incompatibility has been discovered between two strains of a nematode worm. This finding indicates that natural selection can generate long-term divergence within self-fertilizing populations."

 
Koentges, 2008 Feb 7. Evolution of anatomy and gene control. Nature 451:658. "Evo-devo meets systems biology."

 
Gaucher et al., 2008 Feb 7. Palaeotemperature trend for Precambrian life inferred from resurrected proteins. Nature 451:704.

 
Atkinson et al., 2008 Feb 1. Languages Evolve in Punctuational Bursts. Science 319:588. "A study of Bantu, Indo-European, Austronesian, and Polynesian languages shows that up to one-third of their words arose in rapid evolutionary bursts from the predecessor tongue."

 
Seidel et al., 2008 Feb 1. Widespread Genetic Incompatibility in C. Elegans Maintained by Balancing Selection. Science 319:. "Strong natural selection is maintaining multiple alleles of a gene in wild populations of the nematode C. elegans, despite their negative effect on fitness."

 
Dalton, 2008 Jan 31. Fossil reptiles mired in controversy. (restricted access) Nature 451:510. "Name-calling sparks dispute over aetosaurs."

 
Jones, 2008 Jan 31. Killer instincts. (restricted access) Nature 451:512. "What can evolution say about why humans kill — and about why we do so less than we used to?"

 
?, 2008 Jan 31. Synthetic genome paves the way to artificial life. (restricted access) Nature 451:511.

 
Warner and Shine, 2008 Jan 31. The adaptive significance of temperature-dependent sex determination in a reptile. Nature 451:566.

 
Balter, 2008 Jan 25. Why We're Different: Probing the Gap Between Apes and Humans. (restricted access) Science 319:404-405. "Researchers at a high-level meeting probe the ancient question of what sets the human brain apart from those of other primates. "

 
Rokas, 2008 Jan 25. Lining Up to Avoid Bias. Science 319:416-417. "Algorithms that align DNA sequences can introduce bias and uncertainty into evolutionary analyses."

 
Chaine and Lyon, 2008 Jan 25. Adaptive Plasticity in Female Mate Choice Dampens Sexual Selection on Male Ornaments in the Lark Bunting. Science 319:459-462. "Female lark buntings prefer different male traits from year to year, suggesting how multiple ornamental features might evolve as a result of female mate choice."

 
Wong et al., 2008 Jan 25. Alignment Uncertainty and Genomic Analysis. Science 319:473-476. "Comparative evolutionary genomics can be improved by taking into account the uncertainties inherent in aligning genes from organism to organism."

 
Brumfiel, 2008 Jan 24. Creationists launch 'science' journal. (restricted access) Nature 451:382. "Research within a biblical framework to be peer reviewed."

 
Ball, 2008 Jan 24. Cellular memory hints at the origins of intelligence. (restricted access) Nature 451:385. "Slime mould displays remarkable rhythmic recall."

 
Cam et al., 2008 Jan 24. Host genome surveillance for retrotransposons by transposon-derived proteins. Nature 451:431.

 
Holden, 2008 Jan 18. Polynesians Took the Express Train Through Melanesia to the Pacific. Science 319:270. "A new study published this week supports the "express train" theory of the peopling of the far-flung islands of Remote Oceania, which posits that people from Taiwan moved rapidly through Melanesia, leaving little genetic footprint."

 
Gratten et al., 2008 Jan 18. A Localized Negative Genetic Correlation Constrains Microevolution of Coat Color in Wild Sheep. Science 319:318-320. "Although the fitness of wild sheep increases with size, large, dark sheep are becoming rarer because color is genetically linked to genes that decrease fitness."

 
Heesy, 2008 Jan 174. Restricted access to fossils hinders claim confirmation. (restricted access) Nature 451:244.

 
Beller and Bender, 2008 Jan 11. The Limits of Counting: Numerical Cognition Between Evolution and Culture. Science 319:213-215. "Several Pacific-island languages with few words for numbers may be derived from more sophisticated and abstract counting systems rather than being their precursors."

 
?, 2008 Jan 10. Spread the word. (restricted access) Nature 451:108. "Evolution is a scientific fact, and every organization whose research depends on it should explain why."

 
Dalton, 2008 Jan 10. Fears for oldest human footprints. (restricted access) Nature 451:118. "Fossilized tracks pose preservation puzzle."

 
?, 2008 Jan 10. National Academies updates book on evolution. (restricted access) Nature 451:121.

 
Caron, 2008 Jan 10. Ancient worms in armour. Nature 451:133. "It requires a quirk of fossilization for the soft parts of an animal to be preserved. Study of such a specimen of the mysterious machaeridians provides these organisms with a well defined evolutionary home."

 
Vinther et al., 2008 Jan 10. Machaeridians are Palaeozoic armoured annelids. Nature 451:185.

 
McNamara et al., 2008 Jan 10. The coevolution of choosiness and cooperation. Nature 451:189.

 
Malone and Michalak, 2008 Jan 4. Physiological Sex Predicts Hybrid Sterility Regardless of Genotype. Science 319:59. "An apparent violation of Haldane’s rule (in hybrid organisms the heterogametic sex tends to be sterile) in frogs can be explained by postulating that males have evolved faster."

 
Rensing et al., 2008 Jan 4. The Physcomitrella Genome Reveals Evolutionary Insights into the Conquest of Land by Plants. Science 319:64-69. "Comparison of the moss genome sequence with those of other plants reveals hallmarks of colonization of land, including genes to manage terrestrial stresses such as dehydration."

 
Shen et al., 2008 Jan 4. The Avalon Explosion: Evolution of Ediacara Morphospace. Science 319:81-84. "Earth’s first complex life 575 million years ago rapidly encompassed the full range of ediacara morphologies before declining, a pattern like that in the later Cambrian explosion."

 
Nash et al., 2008 Jan 4. A Mosaic of Chemical Coevolution in a Large Blue Butterfly. Science 319:88-90. "Because they are coated with a specific chemical, the larvae of a butterfly are adopted and cared for by an ant species, a relationship that shows signs of ongoing coevolution."

 
?, 2008 Jan 4. Comment on "Protein Sequences from Mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex Revealed by Mass Spectrometry". Science 319:33.

 
Asara and chweitzer, 2008 Jan 4. Response to Comment on "Protein Sequences from Mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex Revealed by Mass Spectrometry". Science 319:33.


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