News: 2007

News relating to evolution from American Scientist, Nature, Science ,and Scientific American are listed. The most recent articles are first.

NATURE: Search
SCIENCE: Search , Evolution , Paleontology , Anthropology , Molecular Biology , Genetics.

Artificial Life; Origin of Life, Eukaryotes, Organelles; Origin/Evolution of Prokaryotes, Viruses, Introns, etc.
Ancient Birds; Dinosaurs; Other Ancient Reptiles
Human Origins and Evolution; Domestication
Other Evolutionary Biology
Political, Religious, and Educational Issues

Ariza, 2007 Dec. Evolution in a Petri Dish. Scientific American (Dec 2007). "In the lab, seeing how infectious disease triggers new species."

Dunn, 2007 Dec. Our Evolving Present. Scientific American (Dec 2007). "Human changes to the environment are accelerating evolution in many ecosystems."

Kerr, 2007 Dec 21. Did an Asteroid Shower Kick-Start the Great Diversification? (restricted access) Science 318:1854. "This week, a team of geologists and paleontologists reports that a collision in the asteroid belt showered Earth with debris just when the Ordovician diversification was getting started, suggesting a cause-and-effect connection."

Frohlich and Chase, 2007 Dec 20. After a dozen years of progress the origin of angiosperms is still a great mystery. Nature 450:1184.

Thewissen, 2007 Dec 20. Whales originated from aquatic artiodactyls in the Eocene epoch of India. Nature 450:1190.

Schmidt et al., 2007 Dec 14. Carnivorous Fungi from Cretaceous Amber. Science 318:1743. "Fungi with long filaments surrounding their nematode prey are preserved in Cretaceous amber, indicating that fungi have evolved trapping structures multiple times."

Zhe-Xi Luo, 2007 Dec 13. Transformation and diversification in early mammal evolution. Nature 450:1011.

Whitcome et al., 2007 Dec 13. Fetal load and the evolution of lumbar lordosis in bipedal hominins. Nature 450:1075.

Pal et al., 2007 Dec 13. Coevolution with viruses drives the evolution of bacterial mutation rates. Nature 450:1079.

Gibbons, 2007 Dec 07. Dental Evidence Suggests Neandertals Matured Faster Than We Do. Science 318:1547.

?, 2007 Nov. Reviews. Scientific American (November 2007).
Book Review of Enhancing Evolution: The Ethical Case for Making Better People by John Harris.

Williamson and Vickers, 2007 Nov-Dec. The Origins of Larvae. (restricted access) American Scientist (November-December 2007). "Mismatches between the forms of adult animals and their larvae may reflect fused genomes, expressed in sequence in complex life histories."

Kaiser, 2007 Nov-Dec. The Other Evolution Wars. American Scientist (November-December 2007). "Creationists have long battled with geologists and biologists, but they have only lately taken on physicists and cosmologists."

Pennock, 2007 Nov-Dec. Evolution-Once More, with Feeling. American Scientist (November-December 2007).
Book Review of Darwin Loves You:Natural Selection and the Re-enchantment of the World by George Levine.
Book Review of Evolution for Everyone: How Darwin's Theory Can Change the Way We Think about Our Lives by David Sloan Wilson.

Castillo-Chavez and Castillo-Garsow, 2007 Nov-Dec. Analytical Tools for Evolutionary Processes. American Scientist (November-December 2007).
Book Review of Evolutionary Dynamics: Exploring the Equations of Life by Martin A. Nowak.

Gibbons, 2007 Nov 30. Hominid Harems: Big Males Competed for Small Australopithecine Females. Science 318:1363.

Lockwood et al., 2007 Nov 30. Extended Male Growth in a Fossil Hominin Species. Science 318:1443-1446. "A large sample of facial bones from an early hominin, Paranthropus robustus, shows that males matured later than females and may have monopolized groups of females."

Grey and Calver, 2007 Nov 29. Ediacaran oxidation and biotic evolution. Nature 450:E17.

Jorgensen et al., 2007 Nov 23. Ecology: Managing Evolving Fish Stocks. Science 318:1247-1248.

Schwartz et al., 2007 Nov 16. The Origins of Human Bipedalism. (restricted access) Science 318:1065.

Foote et al., 2007 Nov 16. Rise and Fall of Species Occupancy in Cenozoic Fossil Mollusks. Science 318:1131-1134. "New Zealand molluscan species, while extant, expand into diverse habitats, yielding a brief peak, then contract toward extinction, following a general pattern seen for genera."

Begun et al., 2007 Nov 16. Comment on "Origin of Human Bipedalism As an Adaptation for Locomotion on Flexible Branches." Science 318:1066.

Crompton and Thorpe, 2007 Nov 16. Response to Comment on "Origin of Human Bipedalism As an Adaptation for Locomotion on Flexible Branches." Science 318:1066.

Spillane et al., 2007 Nov 15. Positive darwinian selection at the imprinted MEDEA locus in plants. (restricted access) Nature 450:450.

Pennisi, 2007 Nov 09. Fruit Fly Blitz Shows the Power of Comparative Genomics. Science 318:903.

Rankin, 2007 Nov 09. Simple Maths for a Perplexing World. Science 318:919.
Book Review of Mathematical Models of Social Evolution: A Guide for the Perplexed by Richard McElreath and Robert Boyd.

Drosophila 12 Genomes Consortium, 2007 Nov 08. Evolution of genes and genomes on the Drosophila phylogeny. Nature 450:203.

McElreath et al., 2007 Nov 08. Evolution of animal personalities. Nature 450:E5.

Janecka et al., 2007 Nov 02. Molecular and Genomic Data Identify the Closest Living Relative of Primates. Science 318:792-794. "Comparison of genome sequences from a variety of species shows that the colugos (“flying lemurs”) are the closest living relatives of primates."

?, 2007 Nov 01. Palaeontology: Tunnel vision. (restricted access) Nature 450:18 "Is blasting into a river bluff any way to do palaeontology? Alison Abbott reports on an unusual expedition into the Alaskan wilderness in search of the bones of polar dinosaurs."

Culotta, 2007 Oct 26. Ancient DNA Reveals Neandertals With Red Hair, Fair Complexions. Science 318:546-547.

Arrow, 2007 Oct 26. The Sharp End of Altruism. Science 318:581-582.

Choi and Bowles, 2007 Oct 26. The Coevolution of Parochial Altruism and War. Science 318:636-640. "Simulations show that altruism and parochialism may have coevolved, despite the negative costs of each, by yielding combined benefits through success in intergroup conflict."

Chen et al., 2007 Oct 26. Changes in Regulation of a Transcription Factor Lead to Autogamy in Cultivated Tomatoes. Science 318:643-645. "Unlike their ancestors, domesticated tomatoes self-fertilize because a cell elongation mutation causes short styles, burying these female reproductive parts among male anthers."

Pennisi, 2007 Oct 19. Natural Selection, Not Chance, Paints the Desert Landscape. Science 318:376.

Toth, 2007 Oct 19. Wasp Gene Expression Supports an Evolutionary Link Between Maternal Behavior and Eusociality. Science 318:441-444. "Analysis of a set of genes expressed in the brain of a primitive wasp shows that the care shown by worker wasps toward siblings probably evolved from maternal care behavior."

McBrearty and Stringer, 2007 Oct 18. The coast in colour. Nature 449:793. "A South African cave overlooking the Indian Ocean was apparently a desirable residence for early humans. The site has provided rich evidence for the early use of colour and marine resources."

Blaser and Denise Kirschner, 2007 Oct 18. The equilibria that allow bacterial persistence in human hosts. Nature 449:843.

Krause et al., 2007 Oct 18. Neanderthals in central Asia and Siberia. Nature 449:902.

Doorn and Kirkpatrick, 2007 Oct 18. Turnover of sex chromosomes induced by sexual conflict. Nature 449:909.

Sabeti et al., 2007 Oct 18. Genome-wide detection and characterization of positive selection in human populations. Nature 449:913.

Rieseberg, 2007 Oct 12. ... and a Partridge in Allopatry. Science 318:198. "Price examines the behavioral and genetic causes and consequences of speciation in birds."
Book Review of Speciation in Birds by Trevor Price.

Meselson and Welch, 2007 Oct 12. Stable Heterozygosity? Science 318:202-203.

Merchant et al., 2007 Oct 12. The Chlamydomonas Genome Reveals the Evolution of Key Animal and Plant Functions. Science 318:245-250. "The genome of a single-celled green alga encodes photosynthetic enzymes like those in green plants, such animal-like features as cilia and flagella."

Pouchkina-Stantcheva et al., 2007 Oct 12. Functional Divergence of Former Alleles in an Ancient Asexual Invertebrate. Science 318:268-271. "A rotifer that only reproduces asexually preserves genetic diversity through gene duplication followed by functional divergence of the alleles."

?, 2007 Oct 11. Council of Europe votes against creationist teaching. (restricted access) Nature 449:649.

Diamond, 2007 Oct 11. An incomparable life. (restricted access) Nature 449:659. "Exceptional intellect and creativity made Ernst Mayr the last century's greatest evolutionary biologist."
Book Review of Ornithology, Evolution, and Philosophy: The Life and Science of Ernst Mayr 1904–2005 by Ornithology, Evolution, and Philosophy: The Life and Science.

Louis, 2007 Oct 11. Evolutionary genetics: Making the most of redundancy. Nature 449:673. "Single genes, chromosomal regions and even entire genomes can undergo duplication. What good can come of these extra copies? Evolution seems to use several tricks to take advantage of the situation."

Hittinger Carroll, 2007 Oct 11. Gene duplication and the adaptive evolution of a classic genetic switch. Nature 449:677.

Ritchie, 2007 Oct 05. Feathers, Females, and Fathers. Science 318:54-55.

Stolarski et al., 2007 Oct 05. A Cretaceous Scleractinian Coral with a Calcitic Skeleton. Science 318:92-94. "Modern reef-building corals deposit aragonite, but a fossil reef-builder formed calcite, suggesting that it arose from the extinct, calcite-depositing horn corals."

Sćther et al., 2007 Oct 05. Sex Chromosome-Linked Species Recognition and Evolution of Reproductive Isolation in Flycatchers. Science 318:95-97. "Female hybrids of two flycatcher species choose mates of their fathers' species because recognition traits reside on the paternally inherited sex chromosome, maintaining speciation."

Araki et al., 2007 Oct 05. Genetic Effects of Captive Breeding Cause a Rapid, Cumulative Fitness Decline in the Wild. Science 318:100-103. "Steelhead trout bred in captivity and then released reproduced poorly in comparison to wild fish; these rapid negative effects may prevent use of captive fish for repopulation."

Jensen et al., 2007 Oct 05. Chimpanzees Are Rational Maximizers in an Ultimatum Game. Science 318:107-109. "In a game of fairness, chimpanzees act only to maximize their own benefits, whereas human toddlers also value social norms like cooperation and parity."

Ostrander, 2007 Sep-Oct. Genetics and the Shape of Dogs. American Scientist (Sep-Oct 2007) "Studying the new sequence of the canine genome shows how tiny genetic changes can create enormous variation within a single species."

Purnell, 2007 Sep 28. Correlated Evolution and Dietary Change in Fossil Stickleback. Science 317:1887. "Wear patterns in fossilized teeth show that Miocene sticklebacks switched from surface- to bottom-feeding over 20,000 years, implying that changes in diet drove their evolution."

Asser-Kaiser et al., 2007 Sep 28. Rapid Emergence of Baculovirus Resistance in Codling Moth Due to Dominant, Sex-Linked Inheritance. Science 317:1916-1918. "Moths have developed an unusual type of resistance to a widely used, environmentally benign viral pesticide, explaining recent damage to apple crops in Germany and France."

Morrison et al., 2007 Sep 28. Genomic Minimalism in the Early Diverging Intestinal Parasite Giardia lamblia. Science 317:1921-1926. "The genome of the pathogenic intestinal parasite Giardia reveals simplified metabolic systems, unexpected evidence of sexual reproduction, and specialized classes of protein."

Polly, 2007 Sep 27. Development with a bite. Nature 449:413. "Predictions drawn from experiments on the growth of molar teeth in mice, and applied to a wide range of related species, provide a remarkable connection between developmental and evolutionary biology."

Kavanagh et al., 2007 Sep 27. Predicting evolutionary patterns of mammalian teeth from development. Nature 449:427.

Olivier Jaillon et al., 2007 Sep 27. The grapevine genome sequence suggests ancestral hexaploidization in major angiosperm phyla. Nature 449:463.

Gibbons, 2007 Sep 21. A New Body of Evidence Fleshes Out Homo erectus. Science 317:1664.

Turner et al., 2007 Sep 21. Feather Quill Knobs in the Dinosaur Velociraptor. Science 317:1721. "Regularly spaced knobs on a fossil ulna of a Velociraptor, a 1- to 2-meter-long theropod, are similar to knobs housing secondary feathers on modern birds."

Tocheri et al., 2007 Sep 21. The Primitive Wrist of Homo floresiensis and Its Implications for Hominin Evolution. Science 317:1743-1745. "Homo floresiensis, the enigmatic diminutive hominin from Flores, Indonesia, retains primitive wrist bones, implying that it is not closely related to modern humans."

Dunning Hotopp et al., 2007 Sep 21. Widespread Lateral Gene Transfer from Intracellular Bacteria to Multicellular Eukaryotes. Science 317:1753-1756. "Unexpectedly, the symbiont Wolbachia can transfer segments of DNA consisting of individual genes or almost its entire genome to its insect or nematode hosts."

Ghedin et al., 2007 Sep 21. Draft Genome of the Filarial Nematode Parasite Brugia malayi. Science 317:1756-1760. "The genome sequence of a parasitic nematode shows that, in comparison to its free-living relative Caenorhabditis elegans, its genes are adapted for its parasitic life-style."

Lieberman, 2007 Sep 20. Homing in on early Homo. Nature 449:291. "Newly described fossils from Georgia in Eurasia and from Kenya shed more light on the earliest members of the genus Homo. These finds indicate that there was considerable variability in their size and shape."

Love, 2007 Sep 14. Putting the Pieces Together. Science 317:1502-1503. "The contributors synthesize information from functional morphology, developmental biology, vertebrate paleontology, and evolutionary biology that provides our current understanding of this classic case of evolutionary transformation."
Book Review of Fins into Limbs: Evolution, Development, and Transformation by Brian K. Hall, Ed.

Philippot et al., 2007 Sep 14. Early Archaean Microorganisms Preferred Elemental Sulfur, Not Sulfate. Science 317:1534-1537. "Data from multiple sulfur isotopes imply that 3.5-billion-year-old microbes on Earth were not sulfate reducers, as had been suspected, but instead metabolized elemental sulfur."

Lankau and Strauss, 2007 Sep 14. Mutual Feedbacks Maintain Both Genetic and Species Diversity in a Plant Community. Science 317:1561-1563. "In black mustard, allelochemicals, which inhibit the growth of other species, are more adaptive in diverse communities and also influence community composition."

Shadan, 2007 Sep 13. You are what you ate. (restricted access) Nature 449:155.

Tzedakis et al., 2007 Sep 13. Placing late Neanderthals in a climatic context. Nature 449:206.

Dunbar and Shultz, 2007 Sep 07. Evolution in the Social Brain. Science 317:1344-1347.

Herrmann et al., 2007 Sep 07. Humans Have Evolved Specialized Skills of Social Cognition: The Cultural Intelligence Hypothesis. Science 317:1360-1366. "Children who are 2 and a half years old deal with quantities, space, and causality as well as adult chimps but far surpass them on social learning tasks, communication, and theory of mind skills."

Cuomo et al., 2007 Sep 07. The Fusarium graminearum Genome Reveals a Link Between Localized Polymorphism and Pathogen Specialization. Science 317:1400-1402. "The genome of a filamentous pathogenic fungus shows excess polymorphism in regions with high levels of recombination."

Dalton, 2007 Sep 06. DNA probe finds hints of human. (restricted access) Nature 449:7. "Contamination of ancient samples may have led to claims that humans and Neanderthals interbred."

Check, 2007 Sep 06. Crashing DNA's ultraconservative party. (restricted access) Nature 449:10. "Genetic sequences preserved through evolutionary selection might not be functional."

?, 2007 Sep 06. Time traps. Nature 449:20. "The whole world felt the effects of the dinosaur-killing mass extinction 65 million years ago. But a spot in Colorado may have the best record of it. Rex Dalton reports from Denver."

Wapinski et al., 2007 Sep 06. Natural history and evolutionary principles of gene duplication in fungi. Nature 449:54.

Lindell et al., 2007 Sep 06. Genome-wide expression dynamics of a marine virus and host reveal features of co-evolution. Nature 449:83.

Pigliucci, 2007 Aug 31. Postgenomic Musings. Science 317:1172-1173.
Book Review of The Origins of Genome Architecture by Michael Lynch.

Ramírez et al., 2007 Aug 30. Dating the origin of the Orchidaceae from a fossil orchid with its pollinator. Nature 448:1042.

Reichenbach et al., 2007 Aug 30. Mobility promotes and jeopardizes biodiversity in rock–paper–scissors games. Nature 448:1046.

Gibbons, 2007 Aug 31. Fossil Teeth From Ethiopia Support Early, African Origin for Apes. Science 317:1016-1017.

Tang et al., 2007 Aug 24. The Evolution of Selfing in Arabidopsis thaliana. Science 317:1070-1072. "An analysis of sex genes shows that at several times throughout its history—-including about 1 million years ago—-Arabidopsis has developed the ability to self-fertilize."

Retchless and Lawrence, 2007 Aug 24. Temporal Fragmentation of Speciation in Bacteria. Science 317:1093-1096. Unlike eukaryotes, bacteria can be considered to form new species when lineage-specific genes no longer recombine, long before recombination at other genes ceases completely.

Timpson et al., 2007 Aug 24. Comment on Papers by Evans et al. and Mekel-Bobrov et al. on Evidence for Positive Selection of MCPH1 and ASPM. Science 317:1036.

Mekel-Bobrov and Lahn, 2007 Aug 24. Response to Comments by Timpson et al. and Yu et al. Science 317:1036.

Dalton, 2007 Aug 28. Oldest gorilla ages our joint ancestor. (restricted access) Nature 448:844. "Fossil teeth from Africa add years to early ape."

Renner, 2007 Aug 28. Evolutionary biology: Structure in mutualistic networks. Nature 448:877. "Statistical analyses of the networks formed by plant–animal mutualisms can now take account of the relatedness of the players on either side. How helpful is this innovation for understanding network dynamics?"

Gen Suwa et al., 2007 Aug 28. A new species of great ape from the late Miocene epoch in Ethiopia Nature 448:921.

Rezende et al., 2007 Aug 28. Non-random coextinctions in phylogenetically structured mutualistic networks. Nature 448:925.

Service, 2007 Aug 17. Resurrected Proteins Reveal Their Surprising History. Science 317:884-885.

Pennisi, 2007 Aug 17. Jumping Genes Hop Into the Evolutionary Limelight. Science 317:894-895.

Rieseberg and Willis, 2007 Aug 17. Plant Speciation. Science 317:910-914.

Katzman et al., 2007 Aug 17. Human Genome Ultraconserved Elements Are Ultraselected. Science 317:915. "Ultraconserved DNA sequences, unchanged in vertebrates for 300 million years, are maintained by selection four times as strong as that for coding genes."

Robertson and Scott, 2007 Aug 16. Designer enzymes. (restricted access) Nature 448:757. "Evolution has crafted thousands of enzymes that are efficient catalysts for a plethora of reactions. Human attempts at enzyme design trail far behind, but may benefit from exploiting evolutionary tactics."

Höner et al., 2007 Aug 16. Female mate-choice drives the evolution of male-biased dispersal in a social mammal. Nature 448:798.

Seelig and Szostak, 2007 Aug 16. Selection and evolution of enzymes from a partially randomized non-catalytic scaffold. Nature 448:828.*

Gibbons, 2007 Aug 10. New Fossils Challenge Line of Descent in Human Family Tree. Science 317:.

Culotta, 2007 Aug 10. The Fellowship of the Hobbit. Science 317:740-742.

Kruglyak and Stern, 2007 Aug 10. An Embarrassment of Switches. Science 317:758-759.

Perfeito et al., 2007 Aug 10. Adaptive Mutations in Bacteria: High Rate and Small Effects. Science 317:813-815 "The beneficial mutation rate for bacteria appears to be 1000-fold greater than classical estimates."

Borneman et al., 2007 Aug 10. Divergence of Transcription Factor Binding Sites Across Related Yeast Species. Science 317:815-819. "In yeast, gene regulatory elements evolve much more rapidly than the genes they control and so may be responsible for much of the diversity among species."*

?, 2007 Aug 09. Implications of new early Homo fossils from Ileret, east of Lake Turkana, Kenya. Nature 448:688.

Barash and Haidt, 2007 Aug 03. Evolution and Group Selection. (restricted access) Science 317:596-597.

Lartigue et al., 2007 Aug 03. Genome Transplantation in Bacteria: Changing One Species to Another. Science 317:632-638. The intact DNA genome was isolated from one Mycoplasma species and transferred to another, replacing the recipient's genome and conferring its own phenotype.

Botella et al., 2007 Aug 02. Jaws and teeth of the earliest bony fishes. Nature 448:583.

McGregor et al., 2007 Aug 02. Morphological evolution through multiple cis-regulatory mutations at a single gene. Nature 448:587.*

Graffin and Provine, 2007 Jul-Aug. Evolution, Religion and Free Will. American Scientist (Jul-Aug 2007) "The most eminent evolutionary scientists have surprising views on how religion relates to evolution."

O'Brien and Johnson, 2007 Jul. The Evolution of Cats. (restricted access) Scientific American (Jul 2007) "Genomic paw prints in the DNA of the world's wild cats have clarified the cat family tree and uncovered several remarkable migrations in their past."

Atran, 2007 Jul 27. The Nature of Belief. Science 317:456. "Wolpert discusses the psychological basis of belief and considers evolutionary explanations for its origin and persistence."
Book Review of Six Impossible Things Before Breakfast: The Evolutionary Origins of Belief by Lewis Wolpert.

Hunt, 2007 Jul 27. Variation and Early Evolution. Science 317:459-460. "Trilobite fossils provide evidence for elevated morphological variation during the Cambrian Period."

Webster, 2007 Jul 27. A Cambrian Peak in Morphological Variation Within Trilobite Species. Science 317:499-502. "In trilobites, the morphology of individual species shows the greatest changes soon after their origin, influencing the course of early evolution in the group."

Driscoll et al., 2007 Jul 27. The Near Eastern Origin of Cat Domestication. Science 317:519-523. "The domestic cat and several of its closely related wild relatives originated in the Fertile Crescent over 100,000 years ago, earlier than had been thought."

Irmis et al., 2007 Jul 20. A Late Triassic Dinosauromorph Assemblage from New Mexico and the Rise of Dinosaurs. Science 317:358-361. "The co-occurrence of fossils of dinosaurs and their earlier relatives in New Mexico and elsewhere imply that the Late Triassic rise of dinosaurs was gradual, not sudden."

Padian, 2007 Jul 19. The case of creation. (restricted access) Nature 448:253. "Last year's Dover trial resulted in intelligent design being removed from the science curriculum."
Book Review of The Battle Over the Meaning of Everything: Evolution, Intelligent Design, and a School Board in Dover, PA by Gordy Slack.
Book Review of 40 Days and 40 Nights: Darwin, Intelligent Design, God, OxyContin® and Other Oddities on Trial in Pennsylvania by Matthew Chapman.
Book Review of Monkey Girl: Evolution, Education, Religion, and the Battle for America's Soul by Edward Humes.

Manica et. al, 2007 Jul 19. The effect of ancient population bottlenecks on human phenotypic variation. Nature 448:346.

Spillane et al., 2007 Jul 19. Positive darwinian selection at the imprinted MEDEA locus in plants. Nature 448:349.

Nick Lane, 2007 Jul 12. Mass extinctions: Reading the book of death. Nature 448:122. "Studies of mass extinctions tend to emphasize the sheer scope of the carnage. But subtle differences between the species that died and those that survived can be crucial."

Jiménez-Guri et al., 2007 Jul 06. Buddenbrockia Is a Cnidarian Worm. Science 317:116-118. "Protein sequences indicate that a strange worm discovered over a century ago is actually a cnidarian, a finding that challenges views on body plan evolution."

Landry et al., 2007 Jul 06. Genetic Properties Influencing the Evolvability of Gene Expression. Science 317:118-121. "The expression levels of genes regulated by certain nearby elements or by many distant elements evolve particularly rapidly."

Lessios, 2007 Jul 05. Admission that intelligent design is a religious view. (restricted access) Nature 448:22.

Sherratt, 2007 Jul 05. Evolutionary biology: Mimicry on the edge. Nature 448:34. "The latest turn in studies of mimicry in the animal world involves great tits as predators and almonds as prey. When it comes to being unpalatable, it seems that some mimics may neither flatter nor deceive."

Shapiro, 2007 Jun. A Simpler Origin for Life. Scientific American (June 2007). "Energy-driven networks of small molecules may be more likely first steps for life than the commonly held idea of the sudden emergence of large self-replicating molecules such as RNA."

Cohen, 2007 Jun 29. Relative Differences: The Myth of 1%. Science 316:1836.

Bradshaw and Holzapfel, 2007 Jun 29. Tantalizing timeless. Science 316:1851-1852.

Taylor et al., 2007 Jun 29. Evolutionary Insights from Sponges. Science 316:1854-1855.

Dubcovsky and Dvorak, 2007 Jun 29. Genome Plasticity a Key Factor in the Success of Polyploid Wheat Under Domestication. Science 316:1862-1866.

Jackson et al., 2007 Jun 29. Sponge Paleogenomics Reveals an Ancient Role for Carbonic Anhydrase in Skeletogenesis. Science 316:1893-1895. "Analysis of an extant but evolutionarily ancient reef-building sponge shows how, through duplication, one early gene gave rise to later genes for calcification."

Tauber et al., 2007 Jun 29. Natural Selection Favors a Newly Derived timeless Allele in Drosophila melanogaster. Science 316:1895-1898. "A recent variant of a circadian clock gene may alter diapause timing in wild European Drosophila, and selection may explain its north-south distribution."

Hauert et al., 2007 Jun 29. Via Freedom to Coercion: The Emergence of Costly Punishment. Science 316:1905-1907. "Paradoxically, a stable model of a cooperative society in which noncooperators are punished emerges if individuals have the freedom to abstain from participation."

Miller, 2007 Jun 28. Falling over the edge. Nature 447:1055. "Claims that an intelligent designer is needed to explain evolution of complex systems are deeply flawed."
Book Review of The Edge of Evolution: The Search for the Limits of Darwinism by Michael Behe.

Foerster et al., 2007 Jun 28. Sexually antagonistic genetic variation for fitness in red deer. Nature 447:1107.

Waterhouse et al., 2007 Jun 22. Evolutionary Dynamics of Immune-Related Genes and Pathways in Disease-Vector Mosquitoes. Science 316:1738-1743. "Comparison among the genomes of Drosophila and two mosquito species reveals that stages of the insect innate immune response evolved via distinct mechanisms and rates."

Kaiser et al., 2007 Jun 22. Restriction of an Extinct Retrovirus by the Human TRIM5 Antiviral Protein. Science 316:1756-1758. "Resistance that humans acquired 4 million years ago to a now extinct virus that infected chimpanzees and gorillas may have left us more sensitive to HIV infection today."

Whitfield, 2007 Jun 21. Fossils challenge DNA in the dating game. (restricted access) Nature 447:894. "Findings revives debate on when modern mammals evolved."

Poole & Penny, 2007 Jun 21. Eukaryote evolution: Engulfed by speculation. Nature 447:13. "The notion that eukaryotes evolved via a merger of cells from the other two domains — archaea and bacteria — overlooks known processes."

Cifelli & Gordon, 2007 Jun 21. Re-crowning mammals. Nature 447:918. "The evolutionary history of mammals is being tackled both through molecular analyses and through morphological studies of fossils. The 'molecules versus morphology' debate remains both vexing and vibrant."

Wible et al., 2007 Jun 21. Cretaceous eutherians and Laurasian origin for placental mammals near the K/T boundary. Nature 447:1003.
Book Review of The Edge of Evolution: The Search for the Limits of Darwinism by Michael Behe.

Carroll, 2007 Jun 18. God as Genetic Engineer. Science 316:1427-1428.

Jablonski, 2007 Jun 18. A Multilevel Exploration. Science 316:1428-1430.
Book Review of Evolution and the Levels of Selection by Samir Okasha.

Prusinkiewicz et al., 2007 Jun 18. Evolution and Development of Inflorescence Architectures. Science 316:1452-1456. "A combination of modeling and experiments explains why certain types of flower clusters are likely to be found in nature while others are absent."

Gibbons, 2007 Jun 15. Swapping Guts for Brains. Science 316:1560.

, 2007 Jun 14. Evolution and the brain. (restricted access) Nature 447:753. With all deference to the sensibilities of religious people, the idea that man was created in the image of God can surely be put aside.

Check, 2007 Jun 14. Genome project turns up evolutionary surprises. (restricted access) Nature 447:760. "Findings reveal how DNA is conserved across animals."

Kutschera, 2007 Jun 14. Leeches underline the need for linnaean taxonomy. (restricted access) Nature 447:775.

The ENCODE Project Consortium, 2007 Jun 14. Identification and analysis of functional elements in 1% of the human genome by the ENCODE pilot project. Nature 447:799.

Xu et al., 2007 Jun 14. A gigantic bird-like dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of China. Nature 447:844.

Whittall & Hodges, 2007 Jun 07. Pollinator shifts drive increasingly long nectar spurs in columbine flowers. Nature 447:706.

Kasahara et al., 2007 Jun 07. The medaka draft genome and insights into vertebrate genome evolution. Nature 447:714.

O'Higgins and Elton, 2007 Jun 01. Walking on Trees. Science 316:1292-1294.

Thorpe et al., 2007 Jun 01. Origin of Human Bipedalism As an Adaptation for Locomotion on Flexible Branches. Science 316:1328-1331. "Orangutans use bipedal movements when feeding from small, flexible branches, implying that early bipedalism was retained, not gained, in humans but lost by apes and chimps."

Pagel, 2007 May 31. Selling evolution. (restricted access) Nature 447:533.
Book Review of Evolution for Everyone: How Darwin's Theory Can Change the Way We Think About Our Lives by David Sloan Wilson.

Bell, 2007 May 31. Animal personalities. Nature 447:539. "That different people differ in their readiness to take risks is an obvious feature of human personality. Theoretical advances now help in making sense of observations of analogous behaviour in animals."

Dettman et al., 2007 May 31. Incipient speciation by divergent adaptation and antagonistic epistasis in yeast. Nature 447:585.

Brumfiel, 2007 May 24. Darwin sceptic says views cost tenure. (restricted access) Nature 447:364. "Astronomer blames setback on his support of intelligent design."

Henderson and Jacobsen, 2007 May 24. Epigenetic inheritance in plants. Nature 447:418.

Taylor et al., 2007 May 24. Evolution of cooperation in a finite homogeneous graph. Nature 447:469.

Pennisi, 2007 May 18. No Sex Please, We're Neandertals. Science 316:967.

Arthur, 2007 May 17. The search for novelty. (restricted access) Nature 447:261. "Evo-devo is not the first attempt to understand how evolutionary innovations arise."
Book Review of From Embryology to Evo-Devo: A History of Developmental Evolution by Manfred D. Laubichler (Editor), Jane Maienschein (Editor).

Milner, 2007 May 11. Flight of the dinosaur. Nature 447:147.
Book Review of Glorified Dinosaurs: The Origin and Early Evolution of Birds by Luis Chiappe.

Holland, 2007 May 11. Developmental biology: A chordate with a difference. (restricted access) Nature 447:153. "Molecular studies of tunicate development show that genetic programmes for early embryonic patterning can change radically during evolution, without completely disrupting the basic chordate body plan."

Mikkelsen et al., 2007 May 11. Genome of the marsupial Monodelphis domestica reveals innovation in non-coding sequences. Nature 447:167.

Butler et al., 2007 May 11. Sexual dimorphism and adaptive radiation in Anolis lizards. Nature 447:202.

Pennisi, 2007 May 04. Variable Evolution. Science 316:686-687.

Martin et al., 2007 Apr 27. The Evolution of Eukaryotes. (restricted access) Science 316:542-543.

Berner et al., 2007 Apr 27. Oxygen and Evolution. Science 316:557-558.

Chen et al., 2007 Apr 27. A Synthetic Maternal-Effect Selfish Genetic Element Drives Population Replacement in Drosophila. Science 316:597-600. "A genetic element that uses RNAi against maternal RNAs and rescue by zygotic transgenes for resistance can rapidly spread the latter throughout pest populations."

Gee, 2007 Apr 26. In a hole in the ground.... Nature 440:979. "What happens when you find a hobbit — or a unicorn?"
Book Review of The Discovery of the Hobbit: The Scientific Breakthrough that Changed the Face of Human History by Mike Morwood & Penny Van Oosterzee.

Lake, 2007 Apr 26. Disappearing act. Nature 440:983. "The bizarre absence of certain gene classes in eukaryotes is key to understanding their evolution and complex links with prokaryotes."

Duarte et al., 2007 Apr 20. Rapid Domestication of Marine Species. Science 316:382-383.

Dean et al., 2007 Apr 20. Aging and Sexual Conflict. Science 316:383-384.

Yu et al., 2007 Apr 20. Comment on "Ongoing Adaptive Evolution of ASPM, a Brain Size Determinant in Homo sapiens." Science 316:370.

Hopkin, 2007 Apr 19. Chimps lead evolutionary race. (restricted access) Nature 440:841. "More chimpanzee genes have been positively selected for than human ones."

Meyer-Berthaud & Decombeix, 2007 Apr 19. A tree without leaves. Nature 440:861. "The puzzle presented by the famous stumps of Gilboa, New York, finds a solution in the discovery of two fossil specimens that allow the entire structure of these early trees to be reconstructed."

Rhesus Macaque Genome Sequencing and Analysis Consortium et al., 2007 Apr 13. Evolutionary and Biomedical Insights from the Rhesus Macaque Genome. Science 316:222-234.

Harris et al., 2007 Apr 13. Human-Specific Changes of Genome Structure Detected by Genomic Triangulation. Science 316:235-237.

Ventura et al., 2007 Apr 13. Evolutionary Formation of New Centromeres in Macaque. Science 316:243-246.

Schweitzer et al., 2007 Apr 13. Analyses of Soft Tissue from Tyrannosaurus rex Suggest the Presence of Protein. Science 316:277-280. Mass spectroscopy reveals the protein sequence of collagen preserved in a Tyrannosaurus rex fossil, demonstrating that biochemical data can be obtained from long-extinct species.

Slagsvold, 2007 Apr 12. Builders with little brains. Nature 440:730.
Book Review of Animal Architects: Building and the Evolution of Intelligence by James L. Gould & Carol Grant Gould.

Dawes et al., 2007 Apr 12. Egalitarian motives in humans. Nature 440:794.

Gibbons, 2007 Apr 13. Hobbit's Status as a New Species Gets a Hand Up. Science 316:34.

Rawson et al., 2007 Apr 13. Comment on "Divergent Induced Responses to an Invasive Predator in Marine Mussel Populations." Science 316:53.

Janvier, 2007 Apr 12. Born-again hagfishes. Nature 440:622 "The strange, slimy creatures called hagfishes are of abiding interest to students of vertebrate evolution: just where do they fit in? Investigations of hagfish development take the story forward."

Chait, et al., 2007 Apr 12. Antibiotic interactions that select against resistance. Nature 440:668.

Ota et al., 2007 Apr 12. Hagfish embryology with reference to the evolution of the neural crest. Nature 440:672.

Davis et al., 2007 Mar 30. Floral Gigantism in Rafflesiaceae. Science 315:1812. "Rafflesiaceae plants with huge flowers but neither stems nor leaves have been evolutionarily mysterious; they are now shown to be spurges (Euphorbiaceae)."

Odling-Smee, 2007 Mar 29. Darwin and the 20-year publication gap. (restricted access) Nature 446:478. "Was On the Origin of Species really delayed by religious fears?"

Penny and Phillips, 2007 Mar 29. Mass survivals. Nature 446:501. "The conclusion that the primary divergences of the modern groups of mammals occurred in the mid-Cretaceous requires fresh thinking about this facet of evolutionary history — especially in ecological terms."

Bininda-Emonds et al., 2007 Mar 29. The delayed rise of present-day mammals. Nature 446:501.

Erren eta l., 2007 Mar 23. Comparing Neanderthal and Human Genomes. (restricted access) Science 315:1664.

Gillespie and Emerson, 2007 Mar 22. Adaptation under a microscope. Nature 446:386. "Experiments with microorganisms can guide thinking about the big questions being tackled by evolutionary biologists — for instance, how predation and immigration might play a role in adaptive radiation."

Meyer and Kassen, 2007 Mar 22. The effects of competition and predation on diversification in a model adaptive radiation. Nature 446:432.

Joyce, 2007 Mar 16. A Glimpse of Biology's First Enzyme. Science 315:1507-1508.

Bhattacharya et al., 2007 Mar 16. Founder Effects in the Assessment of HIV Polymorphisms and HLA Allele Associations. Science 315:1583-1586. "Reanalysis shows that HIV evolves within infected individuals under selection from the immune system, but that this effect is much less pronounced than had been believed."

Friis and Crane, 2007 Mar 15. New home for tiny aquatics. Nature 446:269. "A shake-up of current thinking about the evolution of the angiosperms — the flowering plants — is a consequence of the relocation of a hitherto obscure branch on the angiosperm evolutionary tree."

Saarela et al., 2007 Mar 15. Hydatellaceae identified as a new branch near the base of the angiosperm phylogenetic tree. Nature 446:312.

Pennisi, 2007 Mar 09. Robot Suggests How the First Land Animals Got Walking. Science 315:1352-1353.

Zimmer, 2007 Mar 09. Jurassic Genome. Science 315:1358-1359.

Hendry, 2007 Mar 08. The Elvis paradox. (restricted access) Nature 446:147. "Evidence for a universal driver of evolution across all timescales could mean that the venerable paradox of stasis is dead. But even with such evidence, some biologists would be reluctant to accept its passing."

Organ et al., 2007 Mar 08. Origin of avian genome size and structure in non-avian dinosaurs. Nature 446:180.

Balter, 2007 Mar 02. Brain Evolution Studies Go Micro. Science 315:1208-1211.

Rapp et al., 2007 Mar 02. Emulating Membrane Protein Evolution by Rational Design. Science 315:1282-1284. "Stepwise modifications to a drug efflux pump show how the bacterial dimeric pump may have evolved through duplication and inversion of an ancestral protein domain."

Waters and Stafford, 2007 Feb 23. Redefining the Age of Clovis: Implications for the Peopling of the Americas. Science 315:1122-1126. "New radiocarbon dates and a reassessment of existing dates imply that the Clovis culture thrived in the New World for only 250 years, perhaps following an earlier colonization."

von Mering et al., 2007 Feb 23. Quantitative Phylogenetic Assessment of Microbial Communities in Diverse Environments. Science 315:1126-1130. "Analysis of microbial protein-coding genes from several ecosystems shows that taxa prefer certain habitats and that evolution is faster in some places than in others."

?, 2007 Feb 22. Plant biology: The flower of seduction. Nature 445:816. "Hundreds of orchid species lure their pollinators with the promise of sex, only to send them away unfulfilled. Heidi Ledford looks at how dishonesty gives them the evolutionary edge."

Badae et al., 2007 Feb 16. Debating Evidence for the Origin of Life on Earth. (restricted access) Science 315:937-939.

Allen and Martin, 2007 Feb 15. Evolutionary biology: Out of thin air. Nature 445:610. "The invention of oxygenic photosynthesis was a small step for a bacterium, but a giant leap for biology and geochemistry. So when and how did cells first learn to split water to make oxygen gas?"

Balter, 2007 Feb 02. Small Brains, Big Fight: 'Hobbits' Called New Species. Science 315:583.

Enserink, 2007 Feb 02. From Two Mutations, an Important Clue About the Spanish Flu. Science 315:582.

Hansen et al., 2007 Feb 01. Evolution of species interactions in a biofilm community. Nature 445:533.

Erwin, 2007 Jan. Natural Selection for Everyone. American Scientist (Jan-Feb 2007).
Book Review of The Making of the Fittest: DNA and the Ultimate Forensic Record of Evolution by Sean B. Carroll.

Zimmer, 2007 Jan. Evolved for Cancer? Scientific American (Jan 2007). "Some scientists hope to find new clues to help fight cancer by studying the evolutionary history of the disorder in our species."

Fraser et al., 2007 Jan 26. Recombination and the Nature of Bacterial Speciation. Science 315:476-480.

Rausher, 2007 Jan 26. Comment on "Evolutionary Paths Underlying Flower Color Variation in Antirrhinum." Science 315:461.

Whibley et al., 2007 Jan 26. Response to Comment on "Evolutionary Paths Underlying Flower Color Variation in Antirrhinum." Science 315:461.

Poelwijk et al., 2007 Jan 25. Empirical fitness landscapes reveal accessible evolutionary paths. Nature 445:383.

Couzin, 2007 Jan 12. In Asians and Whites, Gene Expression Varies by Race. Science 315:173-174.

Mazur, 2007 Jan 12. Disbelievers in Evolution. (restricted access) Science 315:187.

Anikovich, 2007 Jan 12. Early Upper Paleolithic in Eastern Europe and Implications for the Dispersal of Modern Humans. Science 315:223.

Goebel, 2007 Jan 12. The Missing Years for Modern Humans. Science 315:194-196.

Grine, 2007 Jan 12. Late Pleistocene Human Skull from Hofmeyr, South Africa, and Modern Human Origins. Science 315:226-229. "A skull from South Africa dates to about 35,000 years ago and may represent early modern humans that emigrated from sub-Saharan Africa to populate Europe and Asia. "

Somel et al., 2007 Jan 18. Turks fighting back against anti-evolution forces. (restricted access) Nature 445:147.

Donoghue, 2007 Jan 18. Palaeontology: Embryonic identity crisis. Nature 445:155. "The oldest known animal fossils, identified as eggs and embryos, had been expected to reveal secrets from a period of great evolutionary change. Will the latest theory about the fossils' origins confound these hopes?"

Savolainen and Lehmann, 2007 Jan 18. Genetics and bisexuality. (restricted access) Nature 445:158. "A population-genetic model indicates that if there is a gene responsible for homosexual behaviour it can readily spread in populations. The model also predicts widespread bisexuality in humans."

Gee, 2007 Jan 04. Developmental biology: This worm is not for turning. (restricted access)Nature 445:33. "Molecular investigations of the origin of the dorso-ventral axis in an obscure marine invertebrate illuminate one of the longest-running debates in evolutionary biology — that over the origin of vertebrates."

Baudouin-Cornu and Thomas, 2007 Jan 04. Oxygen at life's boundaries. Nature 445:35. "Proteins are made of amino acids. But amino acids are made of atoms. Exploration of this self-evident principle opens up fresh perspectives on the evolution of biological membranes and multicellular life."

Acquisti, 2007 Jan 04. Oxygen content of transmembrane proteins over macroevolutionary time scales. Nature 445:47.

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Copyright © 2006 Stanley C. Spencer. All Rights Reserved.