News: 2005

News relating to evolution from American Scientist, Nature, Science ,and Scientific American are listed. The most recent articles are first.

NATURE: Search
SCIENCE: Search , Evolution , Paleontology , Anthropology , Molecular Biology , Genetics.

Artificial Life; Origin of Life, Eukaryotes, Organelles; Origin/Evolution of Prokaryotes, Viruses, Introns, etc.
Ancient Birds; Dinosaurs; Other Ancient Reptiles
Human Origins and Evolution; Domestication
Other Evolutionary Biology
Political, Religious, and Educational Issues

Clack, 2005 Dec. Getting a Leg Up on Land. Scientific American (December 2006). "Recent fossil discoveries cast light on the evolution of four-limbed animals from fish."

Culotta and Pennisi, 2005 Dec 23. BREAKTHROUGH OF THE YEAR: Evolution in Action. Science 310:1878.

Gibbons, 2005 Dec 23. ANCIENT DNA: New Methods Yield Mammoth Samples. Science 310:1889.

Jermiin et al., 2005 Dec 23. EVOLUTION: Is the "Big Bang" in Animal Evolution Real? Science 310:1910-1911.

Rokas et al., 2005 Dec 23. Animal Evolution and the Molecular Signature of Radiations Compressed in Time. Science 310:1933-1938. "New sequences of 50 genes from 17 taxa successfully resolve fungal evolution, but not animal evolution, because animals evolved in a series of closely spaced steps in deep time."

Boisvert, 2005 Dec 22. The pelvic fin and girdle of Panderichthys and the origin of tetrapod locomotion. Nature 438:1145.

Thorpe, 2005 Dec 16. ECOLOGY: Population Evolution and Island Biogeography. Science 310:1778-1779.

Sander and Klein, 2005 Dec 16. Developmental Plasticity in the Life History of a Prosauropod Dinosaur. Science 310:1800-1802. "Some early large dinosaurs grew rapidly in response to environmental factors whereas others grew slowly but steadily; later dinosaurs and mammals have fixed life histories."

Check, 2005 Dec 15. Cowrie study strikes a blow for traditional taxonomy. Nature 438:722. "DNA barcoding fails identification test."

Packer, 2005 Dec 15. Exhibition: A close look at Darwin. (restricted access) Nature 438:741.

Wright et al., 2005 Dec 15. The importance of sequence diversity in the aggregation and evolution of proteins. Nature 438:878.

Charlesworth, 2005 Dec 09. On the Origins of Novelty and Variation. Science 310:1619-1620. "The authors hold that the accumulation of small genetic mutations over time does not explain the variety and complexity of life. Instead, they propose "facilitated variation" to account for the conversion of random genetic change into complex innovations."
Book Review of The Plausibility of Life: Resolving Darwin's Dilemma by Marc W. Kirschner and John C. Gerhart.

Stokstad, 2005 Dec 01. Best Archaeopteryx Fossil So Far Ruffles a Few Feathers. Science 310:1418-1419.

Ortz-Barrientos and Noor, 2005 Dec 01. Evidence for a One-Allele Assortative Mating Locus. Science 310:1467. "A single shared allele reduces mating between individuals in two diverging species, confirming a theoretically predicted mode of speciation."

Mayr et al., 2005 Dec 01. A Well-Preserved Archaeopteryx Specimen with Theropod Features. Science 310:1483-1486. "A tenth Archaeopteryx specimen reveals that its first toe was not reversed as in later birds and that its second toe was extendable, as in proposed theropod ancestors."

Shadwick, 2005 Nov-Dec. How Tunas and Lamnid Sharks Swim: An Evolutionary Convergence. American Scientist 93 (Nov-Dec 2005). "These fishes diverged millions of years ago, but selection pressures have brought them very similar biomechanical schemes for movement."

Warmflash and Weiss, 2005 Nov. Did Life Come from Another World? Scientific American (Nov). "Astronauts might not be the only space travelers: studies hint that microorganisms hitching onto meteorites could have survived a journey from Mars to Earth."

Balter, 2005 Nov 25. Expression of Endorphin Gene Favored in Human Evolution. Science 310:1257.

Palmer, 2005 Nov 24. Is the ID debate proof of an intelligent deceiver? Nature 438:422.

Rowe, 2005 Nov 24. Unearthing mammalian origins. Nature 438:426.
Book Review of Mammals From the Age of Dinosaurs: Origins, Evolution, and Structure by Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, Richard L. Cifelli and Zhe-Xi Luo.

?, 2005 Nov 24. Graduate Journal: Who needs evidence? (restricted access) Nature 438:528. "Pondering the 'benefits' of intelligent design."

Holden and Bhattacharjee, 2005 Nov 18. Antievolutionists Win One in Kansas, Lose Eight Seats in Dover. Science 310:1105.

Pennisi, 2005 Nov 18. Hummingbirds Keep Plant Speciation Humming Along. Science 310:1109.

Pennisi, 2005 Nov 18. Development Out of Sync. Science 310:1109-1110.

Piperno and Sues, 2005 Nov 18. Dinosaurs Dined on Grass. Science 310:1126-1128.

Prasad et al., 2005 Nov 18. Dinosaur Coprolites and the Early Evolution of Grasses and Grazers. Science 310:1177-1180. "Silica particles from grass in fossil dung from Cretaceous sauropods suggest that grasses evolved earlier than had been thought, providing food for dinosaurs and early mammals."

Brumfiel, 2005 Nov 17. Day of judgement for intelligent design. (restricted access) Nature 438:267. "Split decision across states signals no end to 'classroom creationism' debate."

Weber, 2005 Nov 17. The origins of darwinism. (restricted access) Nature 438:287. "Impending anniversaries and the trial over 'intelligent design' make this a good time to revisit Darwin."
Book Review of From So Simple a Beginning: The Four Great Books of Charles Darwin by Charles Darwin, Edward O. Wilson (ed.).
Book Review of Darwin: The Indelible Stamp by James D. Watson.

Fitch, 2005 Nov 17. Dancing to Darwin's tune. (restricted access) Nature 438:288.
Book Review of The Singing Neanderthals: The Origins of Music, Language, Mind and Body by Steve Mithen.

?, 2005 Nov 17. Darwin in fiction. (restricted access) Nature 438:288. "Darwin's life and work has also inspired two recent novels."

Padian and Dial, 2005 Nov 17. Origin of flight: Could 'four-winged' dinosaurs fly?. Nature 438:E3.

Xu et al., 2005 Nov 17. Origin of flight: Could 'four-winged' dinosaurs fly? (Reply). Nature 438:E3.

Zhou and Zhang, 2005 Nov 17. Origin of flight: Could 'four-winged' dinosaurs fly? (Reply). Nature 438:E4.

Balter, 2005 Nov 11. Ancient DNA Yields Clues to the Puzzle of European Origins. Science 310:964-965.

Stokstad, 2005 Nov 11. Tyrannosaurus rex Gets Sensitive. Science 310:966-967.

Baum et al., 2005 Nov 11. The Tree-Thinking Challenge. Science 310:979-980.

Haak et al., 2005 Nov 11. Ancient DNA from the First European Farmers in 7500-Year-Old Neolithic Sites. Science 310:1016-1018. "Modern Europeans are mainly descended from Paleolithic hunter-gatherers rather than Neolithic farmers, and probably acquired agriculture through cultural transmission."

Filardi and Moyle, 2005 Nov 10. Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature 438:216.

Rifkin et al., 2005 Nov 10. A mutation accumulation assay reveals a broad capacity for rapid evolution of gene expression. Nature 438:220.

Bhattacharjee, 2005 Nov 04. Groups Wield Copyright Power to Delay Kansas Standards. Science 310:754.

?, 2005 Nov 03. Expert witness: the scientists who testified against intelligent design. (restricted access) Nature 438:11. "Researchers tell the tale of defending Darwin in the dock."

?, 2005 Nov 03. Evolutionary theory: Personal effects. (restricted access) Nature 438:14. "Living things from bacteria to humans change their environment, but the consequences for evolution and ecology are only now being understood, or so the 'niche constructivists' claim. Dan Jones investigates."

Moore, 2005 Nov 03. Green in tooth and claw. (restricted access) Nature 438:27.
Book Review of Demons in Eden: The Paradox of Plant Diversity by Jonathan Silvertown.

Cadena et al., 2005 Nov 03. Ecology: Is speciation driven by species diversity? Nature 438:E1.

Emerson and Kolm, 2005 Nov 03. Ecology: Is speciation driven by species diversity? (Reply). Nature 438:E2.

Gravina et al., 2005 Nov 03. Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature 438:51.

Drayna, 2005 Oct. Founder Mutations. Scientific American (Oct. 2005) "Special genetic changes that can cause (and protect against) diseases enable scientists to trace human migrations over thousands of years."

Allen, 2005 Oct 27. Power for life. Nature 437:1235. "Did the humble mitochondrion the powerhouse of the cell play a key role in the evolution of life?"
Book Review of Power, Sex, Suicide: Mitochondria and the Meaning of Life by Nick Lane.

Nowak and Sigmund, 2005 Oct 27. Evolution of indirect reciprocity. (restricted access) Nature 437:1291.

Pennisi, 2005 Oct 21. New Migration Route Could Lead to New Species of Bird. Science 310:419.

Ellington and Bull, 2005 Oct 21. Changing the Cofactor Diet of an Enzyme. Science 310:454-455.

Bearhop et al., 2005 Oct 21. Assortative Mating as a Mechanism for Rapid Evolution of a Migratory Divide. Science 310:502-504. "Two groups of European blackcaps that winter in different locales mate only within their own group in their common summer breeding ground, suggesting a route to allopatric speciation."

Kondrashov, 2005 Oct 20. Fruitfly genome is not junk. Nature 437:1106. "A comparison of two fruitfly genomes shows that much of their non-coding DNA is controlled by either negative or positive selection, dealing a double blow to the neutral theory of molecular evolution."

Andolfatto, 2005 Oct 20. Adaptive evolution of non-coding DNA in Drosophila. Nature 437:1149.

Bustamante et al., 2005 Oct 20. Natural selection on protein-coding genes in the human genome. Nature 437:1153.

Ghedin et al., 2005 Oct 20. Large-scale sequencing of human influenza reveals the dynamic nature of viral genome evolution. Nature 437:1162.

Culotta, 2005 Oct 14. New 'Hobbits' Bolster Species, But Origins Still a Mystery. Science 310:208-209.

Pennisi, 2005 Oct 14. Better Habits Sometimes Heritable. Science 310:215.

Jaeger and Marivaux, 2005 Oct 14. Shaking the Earliest Branches of Anthropoid Primate Evolution. Science 310:244-245.

Seiffert et al., 2005 Oct 14. Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa's Higher Primate Radiation. Science 310:300-304. "Jaw fragments from two 37-million-year-old anthropoids, one of them probably nocturnal, show that important diagnostic features of living anthropoids arose early."

Nussey et al., 2005 Oct 14. Selection on Heritable Phenotypic Plasticity in a Wild Bird Population. Science 310:304-306. "Great tits can shift their reproductive season and thus might adapt if a warming climate altered the watching time of caterpillars that are the main food for their young."

Weber et al., 2005 Oct 14. Comment on "The Brain of LB1, Homo floresiensis." (restricted access)Science 310:236.

Falk et al., 2005 Oct 14. Response to Comment on "The Brain of LB1, Homo floresiensis." (restricted access) Science 310:236.

Dalton, 2005 Oct 13. More evidence for hobbit unearthed as diggers are refused access to cave. Nature 437:934. "Excavations shed light on lifestyle of Homo floresiensis."

?, 2005 Oct 13. Evolution was fine, just not in the case of humans. (restricted access) Nature 437:951.

Lieberman, 2005 Oct 13. Palaeoanthropology: Further fossil finds from Flores. Nature 437:957. "New fossil discoveries on Flores, Indonesia, bolster the evidence that Homo floresiensis was a dwarfed human species that lived at the end of the last ice age. But the species' evolutionary origins remain obscure."

Makovicky et al., 2005 Oct 13. The earliest dromaeosaurid theropod from South America. Nature 437:1007.

Morwood et al., 2005 Oct 13. Further evidence for small-bodied hominins from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia. Nature 437:1012.

Albert and Otto, 2005 Oct 07. Sexual Selection Can Resolve Sex-Linked Sexual Antagonism. Science 310:119-121.

Hedley, 2005 Oct 13. A secular religion. (restricted access) Nature 437:815. "Should evolutionism be viewed as a modified descendant of Christianity?"
Book Review of The Evolution-Creation Struggle by Michael Ruse.

Wang et al., 2005 Oct 13. Pterosaur diversity and faunal turnover in Cretaceous terrestrial ecosystems in China. Nature 437:875.

Turner, 2005 Sep-Oct. Cheating Viruses and Game Theory. American Scientist 93(Sep-Oct 2005). "The theory of games can explain how viruses evolve when they compete against one another in a test of evolutionary fitness."

?, 2005 Sep. The Editors recommend. Scientific American (Sep 2005).
Book Review of Before Darwin: Reconciling God and Nature by Keith Thomson.

Cowen and Lindquist, 2005 Sep 30. Hsp90 Potentiates the Rapid Evolution of New Traits: Drug Resistance in Diverse Fungi. Science 309:2185-2189.

Falkowski et al., 2005 Sep 30. The Rise of Oxygen over the Past 205 Million Years and the Evolution of Large Placental Mammals. Science 309:2202-2204.

Mossel and Vigoda, 2005 Sep 30. Phylogenetic MCMC Algorithms Are Misleading on Mixtures of Trees. Science 309:2207-2209.

Safran, 2005 Sep 30. Dynamic Paternity Allocation as a Function of Male Plumage Color in Barn Swallows. Science 309:2210-2212.

Brumfiel, 2005 Sep 29. School board in court over bid to teach intelligent design. (restricted access) Nature 437:607. "Parents fight decision to include intelligent creator in science lessons."

Paul, 2005 Sep 29. Diversity and controversy. (restricted access) Nature 437:621. "Why did a well-intentioned effort to understand human evolution go so wrong?"
Book Review of Race to the Finish: Identity and Governance in an Age of Genomics by Jenny Reardon.

Griffith et al., 2005 Sep 29. Robotics: Self-replication from random parts. Nature 437:636.

Dunn et al., 2005 Sep 23. Structural Phylogenetics and the Reconstruction of Ancient Language History. Science 309:2072-2075.

Gray, 2005 Sep 23. EVOLUTION: Pushing the Time Barrier in the Quest for Language Roots. Science 309:2007-2008.

Socolich et al., 2005 Sep 22. Evolutionary information for specifying a protein fold. Nature 437:512.

Khaitovich et al., 2005 Sep 16. Parallel Patterns of Evolution in the Genomes and Transcriptomes of Humans and Chimpanzees. Science 309:1850-1854.

Watson et al., 2005 Sep 16. Extensive Diversity of Ig-Superfamily Proteins in the Immune System of Insects. Science 309:1874-1878.

Holden, 2005 Sep 16. TEACHING EVOLUTION: ID Goes on Trial This Month in Pennsylvania School Case. Science 309:1796.

Suttle, 2005 Sep 15. Viruses in the sea. Nature 437:356.

Hayakawa, 2005 Sep 09. A Human-Specific Gene in Microglia. Science 309:1693.

Evans et al., 2005 Sep 09. Microcephalin, a Gene Regulating Brain Size, Continues to Evolve Adaptively in Humans. Science 309:1717-1720.

Mekel-Bobrov et al., 2005 Sep 09. Ongoing Adaptive Evolution of ASPM, a Brain Size Determinant in Homo sapiens. Science 309:1720-1722.

Latimer et al., 2005 Sep 09. Neutral Ecological Theory Reveals Isolation and Rapid Speciation in a Biodiversity Hot Spot. Science 309:1722-1725.

Balter, 2005 Sep 09. EVOLUTION: Are Human Brains Still Evolving? Brain Genes Show Signs of Selection. Science 309:1662-1663.

Butlin and Roper, 2005 Sep 08. Evolutionary genetics: Microarrays and species origins. (restricted access) Nature 437:199. "Whole-genome arrays have been used to reveal small islands of genetic differentiation in Anopheles mosquitoes. Analysis of these regions will identify genes involved in the initial stages of speciation."

Bever, 2005 Sep 02. Comment on "Independent Origins of Middle Ear Bones in Monotremes and Therians" (I). (restricted access) Science 309:1492.

Rougier, 2005 Sep 02. Comment on "Independent Origins of Middle Ear Bones in Monotremes and Therians" (II). (restricted access) Science 309:1492.

Rich et al., 2005 Sep 02. Response to Comments on "Independent Origins of Middle Ear Bones in Monotremes and Therians". (restricted access) Science 309:1492.

Jolly, 2005 Sep 02. The Last Great Apes? Science 309:1457.

Cutler, 2005 Sep 02. SCIENCE AND RELIGION: 200 Years of Accommodation. Science 309:1493-1494.
Book Review of Before Darwin: Reconciling God and Nature by Keith Thomson.
Book Review of The Watch on the Heath: Science and Religion Before Darwin by Keith Thomson.

Culotta, 2005 Sep 02. GENOMICS: Chimp Genome Catalogs Differences With Humans. Science 309:1468-1469.

, 2005 Sep 01. Chimp genome: Branching out. (restricted access) Nature 437:17. "The chimp was a great start. But the genomes of our other primate relatives will help to reveal a whole lot more, says Carina Dennis."

Cheng, 2005 Sep 01. A genome-wide comparison of recent chimpanzee and human segmental duplications. Nature 437:88-93.

, 2005 Sep 01. Human subtelomeres are hot spots of interchromosomal recombination and segmental duplication. Nature 437:94-100.

Hughes, 2005 Sep 01. Conservation of Y-linked genes during human evolution revealed by comparative sequencing in chimpanzee. Nature 437:100-103.

McBrearty and Jablonski, 2005 Sep 01. First fossil chimpanzee. Nature 437:100-103.

Sapolsky, 2005 Sep 01. A family resemblance. Nature 437:33. "We are closely related to other apes, but how similar are we really?"
Book Review of Our Inner Ape by by Frans de Waal.

Carroll, 2005 Sep 01. Palaeontology: Between water and land. Nature 437:38. "The most informative examples of large-scale evolution are provided by major transitions between environments. Fresh research on an ancient amphibian shows how it adapted to locomotion both in water and on land."

Ahlberg et al., 2005 Sep 01. The axial skeleton of the Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega. Nature 437:137.

Bottjer, 2005 Aug. The Early Evolution of Animals. Scientific American (August 2005). "Tiny fossils reveal that complex animal life is older than we thought--by at least 50 million years."

Titus, 2005 Aug 25. A treasure trove of motors. Nature 436:1097. "The myosins are a superfamily of protein motors. Analysis of their sequences in a wide range of organisms reveals an unexpected variety of domains, and provides insights into the nature of the earliest eukaryotes."

Richards and Cavalier-Smith, 2005 Aug 25. Myosin domain evolution and the primary divergence of eukaryotes. Nature 436:1113-1118.

Giovannoni et al., 2005 Aug 19. Genome Streamlining in a Cosmopolitan Oceanic Bacterium. Science 309:1242-1245.

Proctor, 2005 Aug 19. Finding Life in Old Bones. Science 309:1188.
Book Review of The Ape in the Tree: An Intellectual and Natural History of Proconsul by lan Walker and Pat Shipman.

de Jong, 2005 Aug 19. Is Invariance Across Animal Species Just an Illusion? Science 309:1193-1195.

Bhattacharjee, 2005 Aug 19. Kansas Prepares New Standards. Science 309:1163.

Brumfiel, 2005 Aug 18. Kansas backs lessons critical of evolution. (restricted access) Nature 436:899. "School board adopts language from 'intelligent-design' documents."

Judson, 2005 Aug 18. Anticlimax. (restricted access) Nature 436:916.
Book Review of The Case of the Female Orgasm: Bias in the Science of Evolution by Elisabeth A. Lloyd.

Laubichler, 2005 Aug 12. A Constrained View of Evo-Devo's Roots. Science 309:1019.
Book Review of The Changing Role of the Embryo in Evolutionary Thought : Roots of Evo-Devo by Ron Amundson.

Holden, 2005 Aug 12. Vatican Astronomer Rebuts Cardinal's Attack on Darwinism. Science 309:996-997.

?, 2005 Aug 11. Keeping religion out of science class. (restricted access)Nature 436:753. "President Bush's endorsement of 'intelligent design' has sparked a national debate in which scientists are well positioned to prevail."

Gewin, 2005 Aug 11. Scientists attack Bush over intelligent design. (restricted access) Nature 436:761. "President's remarks spark angry response."

Jarzembowski, 2005 Aug 12. Sumptuous Survey of Hexapod History. Science 309:880-881.
Book Review of Evolution of the Insects by David Grimaldi and Michael S. Engel.

Kohn et al., 2005 Aug 04. What Henslow taught Darwin. Nature 436:643. "How a herbarium helped to lay the foundations of evolutionary thinking."

Horner et al., 2005 Jul. How Dinosaurs Grew So Large--and So Small. Scientific American (July 2005). "Overlooked clues to how fast the creatures grew and how long they lived lurk in their bones."

Koenig and Knops, 2005 Jul-Aug. The Mystery of Masting in Trees. American Scientist 93: 340. "Some trees reproduce synchronously over large areas, with widespread ecological effects, but how and why?"

Harris, 2005 Jul-Aug. Attacks on Taxonomy. American Scientist 93:. "A contentious biological classification system may make cataloging biodiversity tricky."

Erwin, 2005 Jul-Aug. Evolution's Many Branches. American Scientist 93: .
Book Review of Assembling the Tree of Life by by Joel Cracraft and Michael J. Donoghue (editors).

Reisz et al., 2005 Jul 29. Embryos of an Early Jurassic Prosauropod Dinosaur and Their Evolutionary Significance. Science 309:761-764.

Aminetzach et al., 2005 Jul 29. Pesticide Resistance via Transposition-Mediated Adaptive Gene Truncation in Drosophila. Science 309:764-767.

Bolhuis, 2005 Jul 29. PSYCHOLOGY: We're Not Fred or Wilma. Science 309:706.
Book Review of Adapting Minds: Evolutionary Psychology and the Persistent Quest for Human Nature by David J. Buller.

Stokstad, 2005 Jul 29. PALEONTOLOGY: Dinosaur Embryos Hint at Evolution of Giants. Science 309:679.

Pennisi, 2005 Jul 29. EVOLUTION: Rogue Fruit Fly DNA Offers Protection From Insecticides. Science 309:681.

Schwarz et al., 2005 Jul 28. Host shift to an invasive plant triggers rapid animal hybrid speciation. Nature 436:546.

Dekel and Alon, 2005 Jul 28. Optimality and evolutionary tuning of the expression level of a protein. Nature 436:588.

Murphy et al., 2005 Jul 22. Dynamics of Mammalian Chromosome Evolution Inferred from Multispecies Comparative Maps. Science 309:613-617.

Heinsohn et al., 2005 Jul 22. Extreme Reversed Sexual Dichromatism in a Bird Without Sex Role Reversal. Science 309:617-619.

Muizon, 2005 Jul 22. EVOLUTION: Of Whale Knuckles and Placental Trees. Science 309:559.
Book Review of The Rise of Placental Mammals: Origins and Relationships of the Major Extant Clades by Kenneth D. Rose and J. David Archibald (editors).

Sarkar, 2005 Jul 22. EVOLUTION AND RELIGION: Seeing Similarities. Science 309:560.
Book Review of The Evolution-Creation Struggle by Michael Ruse.

Pennisi, 2005 Jul 15. EVOLUTION 2005 MEETING: Fungal Trees Grow Faster With Computer Help. Science 309:374.

Pennisi, 2005 Jul 15. EVOLUTION 2005 MEETING: Color Genes Help Mice and Lizards. Science 309:374-375.

Pennisi, 2005 Jul 15. EVOLUTION 2005 MEETING: Wine Yeast's Surprising Diversity. Science 309:375-376.

Penny, 2005 Jul 14. Evolutionary biology: Relativity for molecular clocks. Nature 436:183. "An analysis of genetic data sets from primates and birds provides firm evidence that molecular evolution is faster on shorter than on longer timescales. The estimated times of various evolutionary events require a rethink."

Balter, 2005 Jul 08. EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS: Are Humans Still Evolving? Science 309:234-237.

Pennisi, 2005 Jul 01. Why Do Humans Have So Few Genes? Science 309:80.

Zimmer, 2005 Jul 01. How and Where Did Life on Earth Arise? Science 309:89.

Kerr, 2005 Jul 01. Are We Alone in the Universe? Science 309:88.

Culotta, 2005 Jul 01. What Genetic Changes Made Us Uniquely Human? Science 309:91.

Pennisi, 2005 Jul 01. How Did Cooperative Behavior Evolve? Science 309:93.

Wong , 2005 Jun. The Morning of the Modern Mind. Scientific American (June 2005) "Controversial discoveries hint that symbolic thought, usually considered to have emerged in our species around 40,000 years ago, arose far earlier."

Wong , 2005 Jun. Desert Island: How climate can promote speciation. Scientific American (June 2005)

Queller, 2005 Jun 30. Evolutionary biology: Males from Mars. Nature 435:1167. "In an ant species or is it two species? females are produced only by females and males only by males. Explanations of this revelation have to invoke some decidedly offbeat patterns of natural selection."

Fournier et al., 2005 Jun 30. Clonal reproduction by males and females in the little fire ant. Nature 435:1230-1234.

Coyne, 2005 Jun 23. Switching on evolution. (restricted access) Nature 435:1029. "How does evo-devo explain the huge diversity of life on Earth?"
Book Review of Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo Devo by Sean B. Carroll.

Sherratt and Beatty, 2005 Jun 23. Evolutionary biology: Island of the clones. (restricted access) Nature 435:1039. "The discovery of an all-female population of damselflies in the Azores archipelago provides a novelty for entomologists. It also highlights the unique selection pressures faced by species that colonize islands."

Kowalewski et al., 2005 Jun 17. Secondary Evolutionary Escalation Between Brachiopods and Enemies of Other Prey. Science 308:1774-1777.

Erwin, 2005 Jun 17. MACROEVOLUTION: Seeds of Diversity. Science 308:1752-1753.

Woolfson, 2005 Jun 16. Crash and burn. (restricted access) Nature 435:885. "Even 'artificial organisms' such as commercial companies find immortality out of reach."
Book Review of Why Most Things Fail: Evolution, Extinction and Economics by Ormerod.

Brumfiel, 2005 Jun 09. Evolutionist row makes museum ditch donation. (restricted access) Nature 435:725. But intelligent-design group will show movie on Smithsonian premises."

Schweitzer et al., 2005 Jun 03. Gender-Specific Reproductive Tissue in Ratites and Tyrannosaurus rex. Science 308:1456-1460.

Enserink, 2005 Jun 03. EVOLUTION POLITICS: Is Holland Becoming the Kansas of Europe?. Science 308:1394.

Pigliucci, 2005 Jun 02. Expanding evolution. (restricted access) Nature 435:565. "A broader view of inheritance puts pressure on the neo-darwinian synthesis."
Book Review of Evolution in Four Dimensions: Genetic, Epigenetic, Behavioral, and Symbolic Variation in the History of LifeExpanding evolution by Eva Jablonka and Marion J. Lamb.

Sutherland, 2005 Jun 02. The best solution. Nature 435:569. "Optimization: this beguilingly simply idea allows biologists not only to understand current adaptations, but also to predict new designs that may yet evolve."

West, 2005 May-Jun. The Lion's Mane. American Scientist (May-June 2005):226. "Neither a token of royalty nor a shield for fighting, the mane is a signal of quality to mates and rivals, but one that comes with consequences."

Turner and Miller, 2005 May-Jun. New Ideas About Old Sharks. American Scientist (May-June 2005):244. "A rare fossil sheds light on the poorly understood relationship between early sharks and bony fishes."

Davis, 2005 May-Jun. Science and Religious Fundamentalism in the 1920s. American Scientist (May-June 2005):253. "Religious pamphlets by leading scientists of the Scopes era provide insight into public debates about science and religion."

Briggs, 2005 May-Jun. Decoding the Cambrian Radiation. American Scientist (May-June 2005).
Book Review of On the Origin of Phyla by James W. Valentine.

Margulis , 2005 May-Jun. Ernst Mayr, Biologist Extraordinaire. American Scientist (May-June 2005). "A tribute to the eminent evolutionary biologist."

Beardsley , 2005 May. Bending to Bar Codes. Scientific American (May 2005)"Is a one-gene method to define species truly effective?"

?, 2005 May. The Editors Recommend. Scientific American (May 2005)
Book Review of The Red Ape: Orangutans and Human Origins by Jeffrey H. Schwartz.

Wright et al., 2005 May 27. The Effects of Artificial Selection on the Maize Genome. Science 308:1310-1314.

Curry , 2005 May 26. A change of mind? (restricted access) Nature 435:425. "Putting evolutionary psychology to the test."
Book Review of Adapting Minds: Evolutionary Psychology and the Persistent Quest for Human Nature by David J. Buller.

Nee, 2005 May 26. The great chain of being. Nature 435:429. "Our persistence in placing ourselves at the top of the Great Chain of Being suggests we have some deep psychological need to see ourselves as the culmination of creation."

Check, 2005 May 19. Large genomic differences explain our little quirks. (restricted access) Nature 435:252. "It's not just individual genes that vary between us all."

Coyne, 2005 May 19. When science meets religion in the classroom. (restricted access) Nature 435:275.

Leaf, 2005 May 19. Teaching about ID helps students see its flaws. Nature 435:?.

Miller, 2005 May 19. Evolution is a short-order cook, not a watchmaker. (restricted access) Nature 435:275.

Yu, 2005 May 19. Seeking evidence of God's work undermines faith. (restricted access) Nature 435:275.

Roy, 2005 May 19. Leave well alone and stick to teaching what you know. (restricted access) Nature 435:276.

Lynch, 2005 May 19. Intelligent design or intellectual laziness? (restricted access) Nature 435:276.

Graur, 2005 May 19. Solidarity with the oppressed flat-Earthers. (restricted access) Nature 435:276.

Durant , 2005 May 19. Reason to fight back. (restricted access) Nature 435:277. "A stout defence of the evidence-based approach from attacks on all sides."
Book Review of The March of Unreason: Science, Democracy, and the New Fundamentalism by Dick Taverne.

Diamond, 2005 May 19. Evolutionary biology: Geography and skin colour. Nature 435:283. "Human skin comes in many different shades. Recent studies of geographical differences in skin colour open up the subject scientifically by offering sophisticated accounts of the basis of this variation."

Wild et al., 2005 May 19. Direct dating of Early Upper Palaeolithic human remains from Mlade. Nature 435:332.

Yuan et al., 2005 May 13. Lichen-Like Symbiosis 600 Million Years Ago. Science 308:1017-1020.

Duboule, 2005 May 13. A Long and Winding Road. Science 308:955-956. "Writing for the general public, the author provides an introduction to the findings and future prospects of evolutionary developmental biology."
Book Review of Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo Devo and the Making of the Animal Kingdom by Sean B. Carroll.

Forster and Matsumura, 2005 May 13. Did Early Humans Go North or South? Science 308:965-966.

Wehner, 2005 May 12. Sensory physiology: Brainless eyes. Nature 435:157. "The visual equipment of box jellyfish includes eight optically advanced eyes that operate with only a rudimentary nervous system. As they produce blurred images, their function remains an open question."

Zykov et al., 2005 May 12. Robotics: Self-reproducing machines. Nature 435:163. "A set of modular robot cubes accomplish a feat fundamental to biological systems."

?, 2005 May 05. Climbing the evolutionary tree. (restricted access) Nature 435:24.

Kocher, 2005 May 05. Evolutionary biology: Ghost of speciation past. Nature 435:29. "Lurking in the rivers of Botswana are the remnants of a diverse flock of cichlid fishes, whose origins can be traced to a lake that vanished more than 2,000 years ago."

Kirkland et al., 2005 May 05. A primitive therizinosauroid dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Utah. Nature 435:84.

Joyce et al., 2005 May 05. An extant cichlid fish radiation emerged in an extinct Pleistocene lake. Nature 435:90.

Kroymann and Mitchell-Olds, 2005 May 05. Epistasis and balanced polymorphism influencing complex trait variation. Nature 435:95.

Ast, 2005 Apr. The Alternative Genome. Scientific American. "Contrary to the old "one gene, one protein" axiom, complex organisms coax more flexibility from their DNA by having small numbers of genes do the work of many."

Hall, 2005 Apr. Evo Devo Is the New Buzzword... for the 200-year search for links between embryos and evolution. Scientific American.
Book Review of Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo Devo and the Making of the Animal kingdom by Sean B. Carroll.

Umina et al., 2005 Apr 29. A Rapid Shift in a Classic Clinal Pattern in Drosophila Reflecting Climate Change. Science 308:691-693.

?, 2005 Apr 28. Dealing with design. Nature 434:1053. "The idea of intelligent design is being promoted in schools and universities in the United States and Europe. Rather than ignoring it, scientists need to understand its appeal and help students recognize the alternatives."

?, 2005 Apr 28. Intelligent design: Who has designs on your students' minds? Nature 434:1062. "The intelligent-design movement is a small but growing force on US university campuses. For some it bridges the gap between science and faith, for others it goes beyond the pale. Geoff Brumfiel meets the movement's vanguard."

Jones and Blaxter, 2005 Apr 28. Evolutionary biology: Animal roots and shoots. (restricted access) Nature 434:1076. "DNA sequence data from neglected animal groups support a controversial hypothesis of deep evolutionary history. Inferring that history using only whole-genome sequences can evidently be misleading."

Culotta, 2005 Apr 22. PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY/PALEOANTHROPOLOGY MEETINGS: Archaic Genes in Modern People? Science 308: 490-491.

Palleroni et al., 2005 Apr 21. Predation: Prey plumage adaptation against falcon attack. Nature 434:973.

Emerson and Kolm, 2005 Apr 21. Species diversity can drive speciation. Nature 434:1015.

Sato et al., 2005 Apr 15. A Pair of Shelled Eggs Inside A Female Dinosaur. Science 308:375.

Westall, 2005 Apr 15. EVOLUTION: Life on the Early Earth: A Sedimentary View. Science 308:366-367.

Summers, 2005 Apr 14. Evolution: Warm-hearted crocs. (restricted access) Nature 434:833. "Our ideas about how crocodiles evolved have just taken a battering. It seems that these cold-blooded creatures, with their limited capacity for prolonged activity, might have had active, warm-blooded ancestors."

Falk et al., 2005 Apr 08. The Brain of LB1, Homo floresiensis. Science 308:242-245.

Malausa et al., 2005 Apr 08. Assortative Mating in Sympatric Host Races of the European Corn Borer. Science 308:258-260.

Begun and Ward, 2005 Apr 08. Comment on "Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a New Middle Miocene Great Ape from Spain". (restricted access) Science 308:203.

Moy-Sol et al., 2005 Apr 08. Response to Comment on "Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a New Middle Miocene Great Ape from Spain". (restricted access) Science 308:203.

Shermer, 2005 Apr 08. SCIENCE AND RELIGION: The Blind Godmaker. Science 308:205-206.
Book Review of Dawkins' God Genes, Memes, and the Meaning of Life by Alister McGrath.

Gibbons, 2005 Apr 08. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: Facelift Supports Skull's Status as Oldest Member of the Human Family. Science 308:179-181.

Taylor, 2005 Apr 07. Stirring the primordial soup. (restricted access) Nature 434:705. "RNA world: does changing the direction of replication make RNA life viable?"

Howlett, 2005 Apr 07. Evolutionary biology: Channels of resistance. (restricted access) Nature 434:716.

Lordkipanidze et al., 2005 Apr 07. Anthropology: The earliest toothless hominin skull. Nature 434:717.

Zollikofer et al., 2005 Apr 07. Virtual cranial reconstruction of Sahelanthropus tchadensis. Nature 434:755.

Geffeney et al., 2005 Apr 07. Evolutionary diversification of TTX-resistant sodium channels in a predator-prey interaction. Nature 434:759.

Gillespie , 2005 Mar-Apr. The Ecology and Evolution of Hawaiian Spider Communities. American Scientist (Mar-Apr). "The diversification of Hawaiian spiders illustrates universal principles behind community assembly on evolutionary and ecological scales."

Wong , 2005 Mar. Rooting the River Horse. Scientific American (Mar). "A new analysis weighs in on where hippos come from."

Shermer, 2005 Mar. The Fossil Fallacy. Scientific American (Mar). "Creationists' demand for fossils that represent "missing links" reveals a deep misunderstanding of science."

Brumfiel, 2005 Mar 31. Biologists snub 'kangaroo court' for Darwin. (restricted access) Nature 434:550. "Kansas scientists protest revisions to how evolution is taught."

Hoekstra, 2005 Mar 31. Evolutionary biology: Why sex is good. Nature 434:571. "According to a proposal put forward many years ago, sexual reproduction makes natural selection more effective because it increases genetic variation. Experiments now verify that idea at least in yeast."

Goddard et al., 2005 Mar 31. Sex increases the efficacy of natural selection in experimental yeast populations. Nature 434:636.

Stainier, 2005 Mar 25. No Organ Left Behind: Tales of Gut Development and Evolution. Science 307:1902-1904.

Colosimo et al., 2005 Mar 25. Widespread Parallel Evolution in Sticklebacks by Repeated Fixation of Ectodysplasin Alleles. Science 307:1928-1933.

Sues, 2005 Mar 25. PALEONTOLOGY: Ready for Their Close-Up. Science 307:1878-1879.
Book Review of Mammals from the Age of Dinosaurs Origins, Evolution, and Structure by Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, Richard L. Cifelli, and Zhe-Xi Luo.

Gibson, 2005 Mar 25. EVOLUTION: The Synthesis and Evolution of a Supermodel. Science 307:1890-1891.

Stokstad, 2005 Mar 25. PALEONTOLOGY: Tyrannosaurus rex Soft Tissue Raises Tantalizing Prospects. Science 307:1852.

Dalton, 2005 Mar 24. Palaeoanthropology: Looking for the ancestors. Nature 434:432. "The scientists who discovered a new species of human in Indonesia last year are now back, looking for the bones that will flesh out their theories. Rex Dalton joins them."

Weigel and Jrgens, 2005 Mar 24. Genetics: Hotheaded healer. Nature 434:443. "A previously unknown way of reversing genome-wide sequence changes in DNA has been revealed by an analysis of plants carrying mutations in a gene called HOTHEAD. The mechanism remains a mystery."

Xie et al., 2005 Mar 24. Two episodes of microbial change coupled with Permo/Triassic faunal mass extinction. Nature 434:494.

Zack et al., 2005 Mar 24. Affinities of 'hyopsodontids' to elephant shrews and a Holarctic origin of Afrotheria. Nature 434:497.

Garcia and Ramirez, 2005 Mar 24. Evidence that sensory traps can evolve into honest signals. Nature 434:501.

Lolle et al., 2005 Mar 24. Genome-wide non-mendelian inheritance of extra-genomic information in Arabidopsis. Nature 434:505.

Harrison, 2005 Mar 24. Independent recruitment of a conserved developmental mechanism during leaf evolution. Nature 434:509.

Berenbrink et al., 2005 Mar 18. Evolution of Oxygen Secretion in Fishes and the Emergence of a Complex Physiological System. Science 307:1752-1757.

MacFadden, 2005 Mar 18. EVOLUTION: Fossil Horses--Evidence for Evolution. Science 307:1728-1730.

Pennisi, 2005 Mar 18. EVOLUTION: Special Hemoglobin Helped Swim Bladders Give Fish Diversity a Lift. Science 307:1705.

Larson et al, 2005 Mar 18. 11th Worldwide Phylogeography of Wild Boar Reveals Multiple Centers of Pig Domestication. Science 307:1618-1621.

Gibbons, 2005 Mar 18. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: Skeleton of Upright Human Ancestor Discovered in Ethiopia. Science 307:1545.

Gunter, 2005 Mar 17. Genome biology: She moves in mysterious ways. Nature 434:279. "The human X chromosome is a study in contradictions. The detailed sequence of the X, and a survey of inactivated genes in females, help to illuminate this unique 'evolutionary space'."

Gage, 2005 Mar 17. Evolution: Deep-sea spiral fantasies. Nature 434:283. "Pictures of strange, gelatinous deep-sea worms have intrigued zoologists, as they hinted at the solution to an evolutionary puzzle. But does the first specimen to be obtained in good condition back the theories up?"

Sol, 2005 Mar 17. Language: Syntax for free? (restricted access)Nature 434:289. "Human language is based on syntax, a complex set of rules about how words can be combined. In theory, the emergence of syntactic communication might have been a comparatively straightforward process."

Switzer et al., 2005 Mar 17. Ancient co-speciation of simian foamy viruses and primates. Nature 434:376.

Bowles and Posel, 2005 Mar 17. Genetic relatedness predicts South African migrant workers' remittances to their families. Nature 434:380.

Dalton, 2005 Mar 10. Anthropologists walk tall after unearthing hominid. (restricted access) Nature 434:126. "Ethiopian fossil should shed light on mankind's first upright steps."

Moorbath, 2005 Mar 10. Palaeobiology: Dating earliest life. (restricted access) Nature 434:155. Claims that 3.8-billion-year-old rocks from Greenland contain carbonaceous remnants of very early life have been the subject of argument for several years. The latest analyses look like settling matters."

Balter, 2005 Mar 04. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: Small but Smart? Flores Hominid Shows Signs of Advanced Brain. Science 307:1386-1389.

Gray, 2005 Mar 10. Evolutionary biology: The hydrogenosome's murky past. Nature 434:29. "The evolution of specialized cellular powerhouses called hydrogenosomes has long confounded biologists. The discovery that in some cases they have their own genome sheds some much-needed light on the issue."

Krakauer, 2005 Mar 10. Kin selection and cooperative courtship in wild turkeys. Nature 434:69.

Wong, 2005 Feb. The Littlest Human. Scientific American (February 2005) "Spectacular but controversial discoveries on an Indonesian island reveal that 13,000 years ago we shared the planet with a hobbit-size race of people."

Zhu et al., 2005 Feb 25. The Selective Cause of an Ancient Adaptation. Science 307:1279-1282.

Coyne, 2005 Feb 25. EVOLUTION: Ernst Mayr (1904-2005). Science 307:1212-1213.

Culotta, 2005 Feb 25. HUMAN ORIGINS: Battle Erupts Over the 'Hobbit' Bones. Science 307:1179.

KWONG, 2005 Feb 24. Human immunodeficiency virus: Refolding the envelope. (restricted access) Nature 433:815. "HIV has evolved to avoid neutralization by human antibodies. New atomic-level details reveal that such evasion involves substantial refolding of its exterior glycoprotein."

NOVAS AND POL, 2005 Feb 24. New evidence on deinonychosaurian dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. Nature 433:858.

HENDRY, 2005 Feb 17. Evolutionary biology: The power of natural selection. (restricted access) Nature 433:694. "Adaptation by natural selection is the centrepiece of biology. Yet evolutionary biologists may be deluding themselves if they think they have a good handle on the typical strength of selection in nature."

INTERNATIONAL CHICKEN GENOME SEQUENCING CONSORTIUM, 2005 Feb 17. corrigendum: Sequence and comparative analysis of the chicken genome provide unique perspectives on vertebrate evolution. (restricted access)Nature 433:777.

Rich et al., 2005 Feb 11. Independent Origins of Middle Ear Bones in Monotremes and Therians. Science 307:910-914.

Martin and Luo, 2005 Feb 11. PALEONTOLOGY: Homoplasy in the Mammalian Ear. Science 307:861-862.

Culotta, 2005 Feb 11. NEANDERTALS REVISITED MEETING: Calorie Count Reveals Neandertals Out-Ate Hardiest Modern Hunters. Science 307:840.

Culotta, 2005 Feb 11. NEANDERTALS REVISITED MEETING: The Question of Sex. Science 307:841.

DE DUVE, 2005 Feb 10. The onset of selection. (restricted access) Nature 433:581. "Natural selection started to drive evolution as soon as molecular replication became possible."

BROOTHAERTS et al., 2005 Feb 10. Gene transfer to plants by diverse species of bacteria. Nature 433:629.

Frankino et al., 2005 Feb 04. Natural Selection and Developmental Constraints in the Evolution of Allometries. Science 307:718-720.

Delwiche, 2005 Feb 04. EVOLUTION: Voyage to the Bottom of the Tree. Science 307:676-677.

Delwiche, 2005 Feb 04. EVOLUTION: Voyage to the Bottom of the Tree. Science 307:676.
Book Review of The Ancestor's Tale A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life by Richard Dawkins.

Steppan, 2005 Feb 04. EVOLUTION: Seeing the Forest for the Trees. Science 307:677-678.
Book Review of Assembling the Tree of Life by Joel Cracraft and Michael J. Donoghue, Eds.

Balter, 2005 Feb 04. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: Small but Smart? Flores Hominid Shows Signs of Advanced Brain. Science 307:1386-1389.

Balter, 2005 Feb 04. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: "Hobbit" Bones Go Home to Jakarta. Science 307:1386.

BRAKEFIELD AND FRENCH, 2005 Feb 03. Evolutionary developmental biology: How and why to spot fly wings. (restricted access) Nature 433:466. "How can different species evolve different physical features despite using similar molecular toolkits? Studies of wing colour development in fruitflies point to specific changes in a gene's regulatory region."

Teeling et al., 2005 Jan 28. A Molecular Phylogeny for Bats Illuminates Biogeography and the Fossil Record. Science 307:580-584.

Simmons, 2005 Jan 28. EVOLUTION: Enhanced: An Eocene Big Bang for Bats. Science 307:527-528.

Mervis, 2005 Jan 28. EVOLUTION: Dover Teachers Want No Part of Intelligent-Design Statement. Science 307:505.

WOLINSKY, 2005 Jan 27. Living with viruses. (restricted access) Nature 433:360.
Book Review of Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making by Jaap Goudsmit.

Irwin et al. , 2005 Jan 21. Speciation by Distance in a Ring Species. Science 307:414-416.

Kerr, 2005 Jan 21. PALEONTOLOGY: Fossil Count Suggests Biggest Die-Off Wasn't Due to a Smashup. Science 307:335.

?, 2005 Jan 20. Georgia court bans biology textbook stickers. (restricted access) Nature 433:182.

RUXTON AND SPEED, 2005 Jan 20. Evolution: A taste for mimicry. (restricted access) Nature 433:205. "Looking inedible is a great way to deter predators, but the warning signs must be learnt first. It seems that unpalatable species employ some unexpected strategies to make the education a quick one."

CT AND CHENEY, 2005 Jan 20. Animal mimicry: Choosing when to be a cleaner-fish mimic. Nature 433:211. "A dangerous fish can discard a seemingly harmless disguise to suit its circumstances."

HAHN et al., 2005 Jan 20. Evolutionary genomics: Codon bias and selection on single genomes. Nature 433:E5.

NIELSEN AND HUBISZ, 2005 Jan 20. Evolutionary genomics: Detecting selection needs comparative data. Nature 433:E6.

CHEN et al., 2005 Jan 20. Evolutionary genomics: Codon volatility does not detect selection. Nature 433:E6.

PLOTKIN et al., 2005 Jan 20. Evolutionary genomics: Codon volatility does not detect selection (reply). Nature 433:E7.

SEMAW et al., 2005 Jan 20. Early Pliocene hominids from Gona, Ethiopia. Nature 433:301.

CLARKE et al., 2005 Jan 20. Definitive fossil evidence for the extant avian radiation in the Cretaceous. Nature 433:305.

LIEBERMAN et al., 2005 Jan 13. Evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Nature 433:312.

Stokstad, 2005 Jan 14. PALEONTOLOGY: New Fossils Show Dinosaurs Weren't the Only Raptors. Science 307:192.

SEZ AND LOZANO, 2005 Jan 13. Body doubles. (restricted access) Nature 433:111. "Cryptic species: as we discover more examples of species that are morphologically indistinguishable, we need to ask why and how they exist."

ANNE WEIL, 2005 Jan 13. Mammalian palaeobiology: Living large in the Cretaceous. (restricted access) Nature 433:116. "Discoveries of large, carnivorous mammals from the Cretaceous challenge the long-held view that primitive mammals were small and uninteresting. Have palaeontologists been asking the wrong questions?"

AZEVEDO et al., 2005 Jan 13. The simplicity of metazoan cell lineages. Nature 433:152.

Ratnieks and Wenseleers, 2005 Jan 07. EVOLUTION: Policing Insect Societies. Science 307:54-56.

COLTMAN, 2005 Jan 06. Evolutionary genetics: Differentiation by dispersal. (restricted access) Nature 433:23. "Gene flow between populations caused by migration, for instance is most often viewed as a homogenizing force in evolution. But two studies of wild birds and non-random dispersal find otherwise."

GARANT et al., 2005 Jan 06. Evolution driven by differential dispersal within a wild bird population. Nature 433:60.

POSTMA AND NOORDWIJK, 2005 Jan 06. Gene flow maintains a large genetic difference in clutch size at a small spatial scale. Nature 433:65.

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Copyright 2005 Stanley C. Spencer. All Rights Reserved.