News: 2004

News relating to evolution from American Scientist, Nature, Science ,and Scientific American are listed. The most recent articles are first.

NATURE: Search
SCIENCE: The Latest, Search , Evolution , Paleontology , Anthropology , Molecular Biology , Genetics.

Artificial Life; Origin of Life, Eukaryotes, Organelles; Origin/Evolution of Prokaryotes, Viruses, Introns, etc.
Ancient Birds; Dinosaurs; Other Ancient Reptiles
Human Origins and Evolution; Domestication
Other Evolutionary Biology
Political, Religious, and Educational Issues

?, 2004 Dec. The Editors Recommend. Scientific American
Book Review of The Ancestor's Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Evolution by Richard Dawkins.

Fiorillo, 2004 Dec. The Dinosaurs of Arctic Alaska. Scientific American

Villarreal, 2004 Dec. Are Viruses Alive? Scientific American

ZHOU et al., 2004 Dec 23. Transposition of hAT elements links transposable elements and V(D)J recombination. Nature 432:995.

Keeling et al., 2004 Dec 24. Comment on "The Evolution of Modern Eukaryotic Phytoplankton". (restricted access) Science 306: 2191.

Grzebyk et al., 2004 Dec 24. Response to Comment on "The Evolution of Modern Eukaryotic Phytoplankton". (restricted access) Science 306:2191.

CARREL, 2004 Dec 16. Evolutionary biology: Chromosome chain makes a link. (restricted access) Nature 432:817. "The platypus' sex chromosomes are as peculiar as its appearance. Five X and five Y chromosomes form a remarkable chain-like configuration in male reproductive cells that ensures appropriate sperm formation."

GRÜTZNER et al., 2004 Dec 16. In the platypus a meiotic chain of ten sex chromosomes shares genes with the bird Z and mammal X chromosomes. Nature 432:913.

Shimizu et al., 2004 Dec 17. Darwinian Selection on a Selfing Locus. Science 306:2081-2084.

Diamond, 2004 Dec 17. ANTHROPOLOGY: The Astonishing Micropygmies. Science 306:2047-2048.

Emery and Clayton, 2004 Dec 10. The Mentality of Crows: Convergent Evolution of Intelligence in Corvids and Ape. Science 306:1903-1907.

JI et al., 2004 Dec 02. Palaeontology: Pterosaur egg with a leathery shell. Nature 432:572.

Pearcy et al., 2004 Dec 03. Conditional Use of Sex and Parthenogenesis for Worker and Queen Production in Ants. Science 306:1780-1783.

Gadagkar, 2004 Dec 03. EVOLUTION: Sex...Only If Really Necessary in a Feminine Monarchy. Science 306:1694-1695.

Shipman, 2004 Nov-Dec. MARGINALIA: Growing up Neandertal. American Scientist

Hayes, 2004 Nov-Dec. Ode to the Code. American ScientistBook Review of The Darwin Variations by Jean-François Peyret & Alain Prochiantz.

SPINNEY, 2004 Nov 25. A stage of evolution. (restricted access) Nature 432:445.

FEHR, 2004 Nov 25. Human behaviour: Don't lose your reputation. (restricted access) Nature 432:449. "Collective action in large groups whose members are genetically unrelated is a distinguishing feature of the human species. Individual reputations may be a key to a satisfactory evolutionary explanation."

LACALLI, 2004 Nov 25. Evolutionary biology: Light on ancient photoreceptors. (restricted access) Nature 432:454. "Early multicellular organisms had two distinct types of photoreceptor cells, apparently with different functions. How these cells combined to form modern eyes turns out to be a complicated story."

MELLARS, 2004 Nov 25. Neanderthals and the modern human colonization of Europe. Nature 432:461.

LOSOS et al., 2004 Nov 25. Predator-induced behaviour shifts and natural selection in field-experimental lizard populations. Nature 432:505.

Moyà-Solà et al., 2004 Nov 19. Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a New Middle Miocene Great Ape from Spain. Science 306:1339-1344.

Bengtson and Budd, 2004 Nov 19. Comment on "Small Bilaterian Fossils from 40 to 55 Million Years Before the Cambrian." (restricted access) Science 306:1291.

Chen et al., 2004 Nov 19. Response to Comment on "Small Bilaterian Fossils from 40 to 55 Million Years Before the Cambrian." (restricted access) Science 306:1291.

Erwin, 2004 Nov 19. EVOLUTION: More Than Metaphorical Power? Science 306:1294.
Book Review of Nature An Economic History by Geerat J. Vermeij.

Culotta, 2004 Nov 19. PALEONTOLOGY: Spanish Fossil Sheds New Light on the Oldest Great Apes. Science 306:1273-1274.

Zimmer, 2004 Nov 19. HUMAN EVOLUTION: Faster Than a Hyena? Science 306:1283. "Running May Make Humans Special."

THOMAS AND SETTELE, 2004 Nov 18. Evolutionary biology: Butterfly mimics of ants. (restricted access) Nature 432:283. "Large blue butterflies are notable for their rarity and ability to dupe ants, and they are endangered. A genetic reconstruction of how social parasitism evolved among them will overturn conservation priorities."

BRAMBLE AND LIEBERMAN, 2004 Nov 18. Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. Nature 432:345.

CHENG et al., 2004 Nov 18. Triassic marine reptiles gave birth to live young. Nature 432:383.

ALS et al., 2004 Nov 18. The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies. Nature 432:386.

LYON AND EADIE, 2004 Nov 18. An obligate brood parasite trapped in the intraspecific arms race of its hostsNature 432:390.

Crandall and Buhay, 2004 Nov 12. EVOLUTION: Genomic Databases and the Tree of Life. Science 306:1144-1145.

Balter, 2004 Nov 12. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: Skeptics Question Whether Flores Hominid Is a New Species. Science 306:1116.

Balter, 2004 Nov 12. EVOLUTION OF BEHAVIOR: Seeking the Key to Music. Science 306:1120-1122.

Driskell et al., 2004 Nov 12. Prospects for Building the Tree of Life from Large Sequence Databases. Science 306:1172-1174.

, 2004 Nov 11. Animal behaviour: Rank crime and punishment. (restricted access) Nature 432:160. "In paper wasps, facial markings are cheap 'status badges' that would seem to be susceptible to cheating. But wasps punish those whose markings lie. Social competition is, it appears, a strong selective force."

MOWER et al., 2004 Nov 11. Plant genetics: Gene transfer from parasitic to host plants. Nature 432:165.

PURVIS, 2004 Nov 11. Evolution: How do characters evolve? Nature 432:.

KANGAS et al., 2004 Nov 11. Nonindependence of mammalian dental characters. Nature 432:211.

CARRANZA et al., 2004 Nov 11. Disposable-soma senescence mediated by sexual selection in an ungulate. Nature 432:215.

Daubin and Moran, 2004 Nov 05. Comment on "The Origins of Genome Complexity." (restricted access) Science 306: 978.

Lynch and Conery, 2004 Nov 05. Response to Comment on "The Origins of Genome Complexity." (restricted access) Science 306:978.

GUPTA, 2004 Nov 04. Playing host to evolution. (restricted access) Nature 432:19.
Book Review of Infectious Disease and Host–Pathogen Evolution by Krishna R. Dronamraju.

JANVIER, 2004 Nov 04. Wandering nostrils. (restricted access) Nature 432:23. "A small matter of head anatomy has long been a cause of controversy among those interested in vertebrate evolution. An answer that may prove generally palatable now emerges from an ancient fossil fish."

ZHU AND AHLBERG, 2004 Nov 04. The origin of the internal nostril of tetrapods. Nature 432:94.

STOMP et al., 2004 Nov 04. Adaptive divergence in pigment composition promotes phytoplankton biodiversity. Nature 432:104.

Palmer, 2004 Oct 29. Symmetry Breaking and the Evolution of Development. Science 306:828-833.

Gerrienne et al., 2004 Oct 29. Runcaria, a Middle Devonian Seed Plant Precursor. Science 306:856-858.

Doebeli et al., 2004 Oct 29. The Evolutionary Origin of Cooperators and Defectors. Science 306:859-862.

Gibbons, 2004 Oct 29. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: New Species of Small Human Found in Indonesia. Science 306:789.

?, 2004 Oct 28. Little lady of Flores forces rethink of human evolution. (restricted access) Nature 431:1029.

LAHR AND FOLEY, 2004 Oct 28. Palaeoanthropology: Human evolution writ small. (restricted access) Nature 431:1043. "We are the only living species of the genus Homo. Given the startling results of a cave excavation in Southeast Asia, it seems that we coexisted with another species until much more recently than had been thought."

ABRAMS, 2004 Oct 28. Evolutionary biology: Mortality and lifespan. (restricted access) Nature 431:1048. "How does natural selection affect lifespan? The question has exercised biologists for some years. The latest twist comes from ingenious experiments on tropical fish from different ecological backgrounds."

BROWN et al., 2004 Oct 28. A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia. Nature 431:1055.

MORWOOD et al., 2004 Oct 28. Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia. Nature 431:1087.

REZNICK et al., 2004 Oct 28. Effect of extrinsic mortality on the evolution of senescence in guppies. Nature 431:1095.

Pennisi, 2004 Oct 22. Searching for the Genome's Second Code. Science 306:632-635.

Zhou and Zhang, 2004 Oct 22. A Precocial Avian Embryo from the Lower Cretaceous of China. Science 306:653.

COYNE, 2004 Oct 21. The evolutionist's tale A journey back through our evolution with a growing band of ancestors. (restricted access) Nature 431: 903.
Book Review of The Ancestor's Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life by Richard Dawkins.

DOYLE AND CSETE, 2004 Oct 21. The sincerest form of flattery. (restricted access) Nature 431: 908.
Book Review of Imitation of Life: How Biology is Inspiring Computing by Nancy Forbes.

LENTON et al., 2004 Oct 21. Climbing the co-evolution ladder. (restricted access) Nature 431:913. "Co-evolution: Earth history involves tightly entwined transitions of information and the environment, but where is this process heading?"

MULLEY AND HOLLAND, 2004 Oct 21. Comparative genomics: Small genome, big insights. (restricted access) Nature 431:916. "The genome of a second pufferfish species has been sequenced. Why is this important? Because comparing this genome with that of other animals yields a wealth of information on genome evolution."

FUCHENG AND ZHOU, 2004 Oct 21. Palaeontology: Leg feathers in an Early Cretaceous bird. Nature 431:925. "This feature supports the idea that the evolution of flight involved a four-winged stage."

KASSEN et al., 2004 Oct 21. Ecological constraints on diversification in a model adaptive radiation. Nature 431:984.

MARCUS, 2004 Oct 14. Before the word. (restricted access) Nature 431:745. "Language evolution: evolutionary vestiges may provide clues to the ultimate origins of human language."

?, 2004 Oct 07. Futures of artificial life. (restricted access) Nature 431:613. "Researchers involved in synthetic biology need to take steps to engage more with the public."

BECCALONI, 2004 Oct 07. The other evolutionist. (restricted access) Nature 431:630.
Book Review of The Heretic in Darwin's Court: The Life of Alfred Russel Wallace by Ross Slotten.
Book Review of An Elusive Victorian: The Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace by Martin Fichman.

KEELING et al., 2004 Oct 07. Chicken genomics: Feather-pecking and victim pigmentation. Nature 431:645. "A genetic factor that encourages this form of farmyard bullying has been identified."

Armbrust et al., 2004 Oct 01. The Genome of the Diatom Thalassiosira Pseudonana: Ecology, Evolution, and Metabolism. Science 306:79-86.

Van Valkenburgh et al., 2004 Oct 01. Cope's Rule, Hypercarnivory, and Extinction in North American Canids. Science 306:101-104.

Bonsall et al., 2004 Oct 01. Life History Trade-Offs Assemble Ecological Guilds. Science 306:111-114.

Balter, 2004 Oct 01. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: Dressed for Success: Neandertal Culture Wins Respect. Science 306:40-41.

Harman, 2004 Sep-Oct. The Evolution of a Naturalist. American Scientist (Sep-Oct 2004).
Book Review of An Elusive Victorian: The Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace. by Martin Fichman.
Book Review of The Heretic in Darwin's Court: The Life of Alfred Russel Wallace. by Ross A. Slotten.
Book Review of In Darwin's Shadow: The Life and Science of Alfred Russel Wallace. A Biographical Study on the Psychology of History. by Michael Shermer.

Dorit, 2004 Sep-Oct. Rethinking Sex. American Scientist (Sep-Oct 2004).
Book Review of Evolution's Rainbow: Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality in Nature and People by Joan Roughgarden.

HEIN, 2004 Sep 30. Human evolution: Pedigrees for all humanity. (restricted access) Nature 431:518. "Simulations based on a model of human population history and geography find that an individual that is the genealogical ancestor of all living humans existed just a few thousand years ago."

WALLACE AND WANG, 2004 Sep 30. Two new carnivores from an unusual late Tertiary forest biota in eastern North America. Nature 431:556. Pack-MULE transposable elements mediate gene evolution in plants.

ZHU et al., 2004 Sep 30. New evidence on the earliest human presence at high northern latitudes in northeast Asia. Nature 431:559.

ROHDE et al., 2004 Sep 30. Modelling the recent common ancestry of all living humans. Nature 431:562.

COLLINS AND BELL, 2004 Sep 30. Phenotypic consequences of 1,000 generations of selection at elevated CO2 in a green alga. Nature 431:566.

JIANG et al., 2004 Sep 30. Pack-MULE transposable elements mediate gene evolution in plants. Nature 431:569.

Li et al., 2004 Sep 24. A Triassic Aquatic Protorosaur with an Extremely Long Neck. Science 305:1931.

Gibbons, 2004 Sep 24. Oldest Human Femur Wades Into Controversy. Science 305:1885.

, 2004 Sep 23. A duet on speciation. (restricted access)Nature 431:399. "A synthesis of ideas about how species arise hits the right note."
Book Review of Speciation by Jerry A. Coyne & H. Allen Orr.

BOEKE, 2004 Sep 23. Evolution: A is for adaptation. (restricted access)Nature 431:408. "Studies of a bacterial virus have revealed an unexpected weapon that helps it to overcome its host's rapidly changing defences. A look at other organisms hints that the mechanism might be widespread."

Ahlberg, 2004 Sep 17. Comment on "The Early Evolution of the Tetrapod Humerus". (restricted access) Science 305:1715.

Coates et al., 2004 Sep 17. Response to Comment on "The Early Evolution of the Tetrapod Humerus". (restricted access) Science 305:1715.

TELFORD, 2004 Sep 16. Evolution: Affinity for arrow worms. (restricted access) Nature 431:254. "The origins of the arrow worms have long been obscure, but molecular studies are finally bringing the true evolutionary position of these beautiful marine predators into sharper focus."

AUBRET et al., 2004 Sep 16. Evolutionary biology: Adaptive developmental plasticity in snakes. Nature 431:261. "Genes and environment stretch snake jaws to meet the demands of prey size."

SCHMUTZ, et al., 2004 Sep 16. The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 5. Nature 431:268.

COQUEUGNIOT, et al., 2004 Sep 16. Early brain growth in Homo erectus and implications for cognitive ability. Nature 431:299.

MARTIN AND EMBLEY, 2004 Sep 09. Evolutionary biology: Early evolution comes full circle. (restricted access) Nature 431:134. "Biologists use phylogenetic trees to depict the history of life. But according to a new and roundabout view, such trees are not the best way to summarize life's deepest evolutionary relationships."

MENG et al., 2004 Sep 09. Palaeontology: Parental care in an ornithischian dinosaur. Nature 431:145. "A dramatic fossil may shed light on how modern archosaurs became devoted parents."

RIVERA AND LAKE, 2004 Sep 09. The ring of life provides evidence for a genome fusion origin of eukaryotes. Nature 431:152.

KOLBE et al., 2004 Sep 09. Genetic variation increases during biological invasion by a Cuban lizard. Nature 431:177.

TRUE, 2004 Sep 09. Epigenetic regulation of translation reveals hidden genetic variation to produce complex traits. Nature 431:184.

Ugalde et al., 2004 Sep 03. Evolution of Coral Pigments Recreated. Science 305:1433.

Baumiller and Gahn, 2004 Sep 03. Testing Predator-Driven Evolution with Paleozoic Crinoid Arm Regeneration. Science 305:1453-1455.

Abzhanov et al., 2004 Sep 03. Bmp4 and Morphological Variation of Beaks in Darwin's Finches. Science 305:1462-1465.

Wu et al., 2004 Sep 03. Molecular Shaping of the Beak. Science 305:1465-1466.

Chen et al., 2004 Sep 03. The Emergence of Competition Between Model Protocells. Science 305:1474-1476.

Pennisi, 2004 Sep 03. Bonemaking Protein Shapes Beaks of Darwin's Finches. Science 305:1383.

Stokstad, 2004 Sep 03. 400-Million-Year-Old Wounds Reveal a Time When Predators Romped. Science 305:1386.

JONES, 2004 Sep 02. When giants walked the Earth. (restricted access)Nature 431:21. "A pedigree of Dawin's well bred English bulldogs."
Book Review of A Reason for Everything: Natural Selection and the British Imagination by Marek Kohn.

PATEL, 2004 Sep 02. Evolutionary biology: Time, space and genomes. Nature 431:28. "In most animals, the Hox genes — which control development — are clustered together. But why? New evidence supports the idea that the requirement for a temporal order of expression keeps the cluster intact."

BEATTY et al., 2004 Sep 02. The evolution of müllerian mimicry in multispecies communities. Nature 431:63.

?, 2004 Aug 26. Brickbats for fossil hunter who claims skull has false tooth. (restricted access) Nature 430:956. Researchers react to critics of work on oldest human relative.

QUELLER, 2004 Aug 26. Social evolution: Kinship is relative. (restricted access) Nature 430:975. "Kinship fosters the evolution of cooperation. However, a once-heretical theory and an unconventional social organism show that the cooperation-enhancing effect of kinship is sometimes negated."

CLARK et al., 2004 Aug 26. A Middle Jurassic 'sphenosuchian' from China and the origin of the crocodylian skull. Nature 430:1021.

GRIFFIN et al., 2004 Aug 26. Cooperation and competition in pathogenic bacteria. Nature 430:1024.

Martin Brasier and Jonathan Antcliffe, 2004 Aug 20. PALEOBIOLOGY: Decoding the Ediacaran Enigma. Science 305:1115.

COX, 2004 Aug 12. Human genetics: An expression of interest. (restricted access)Nature 430:733. "The baseline level of gene expression varies from person to person, but how is this determined genetically? The answer may improve our understanding of complex traits, including some genetic diseases."

MORLEY et al., 2004 Aug 12. Genetic analysis of genome-wide variation in human gene expression. Nature 430:743.

ERICKSON et al., 2004 Aug 12. Gigantism and comparative life-history parameters of tyrannosaurid dinosaurs. Nature 430:772.

NUMMELA et al., 2004 Aug 12. Eocene evolution of whale hearing. Nature 430:776.

Pennisi, 2004 Aug 06. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: The Birth of the Nucleus. Science 305:766.

FOLEY, 2004 Aug 05. Sex under pressure. (restricted access) Nature 430:613. "If sex is so important for evolution, why don't we have more of it?"
Book Review of Why We Do It: Rethinking Sex and the Selfish Gene by Niles Eldredge.

WITMER, 2004 Aug 05. Palaeontology: Inside the oldest bird brain. (restricted access) Nature 430:619. "Did Archaeopteryx, the most primitive known bird, have 'the right stuff'? Looking into its skull with advanced technology provides insight into the dinosaurian transition to birds, and the evolution of flight."

ALONSO et al., 2004 Aug 05. The avian nature of the brain and inner ear of Archaeopteryx. Nature 430:666.

GIRON, 2004 Aug 05. Aggression by polyembryonic wasp soldiers correlates with kinship but not resource competition. Nature 430:676.

DENVER et al., 2004 Aug 05. High mutation rate and predominance of insertions in the Caenorhabditis elegans nuclear genome. Nature 430:679.

Blackman and Rieseberg, 2004 Jul 30. EVOLUTION: How Species Arise. Science 305:612-613. "The authors provide a thorough and critical review and synthesis of recent research on the origin of species, covering both plants and animals."
Book Review of Speciation by Jerry A. Coyne and H. Allen Orr.

Cameron, 2004 Jul 30. EVOLUTION: Hunting for Origins. Science 305:613-614.
Book Review of On the Origin of Phyla by James W. Valentine.

BENGTSON, 2004 Jul 29. The body-plan explosion. (restricted access) Nature 430:506.
Book Review of On the Origin of Phyla by James W. Valentine.

GIOVANNONI, 2004 Jul 29. Evolutionary biology: Oceans of bacteria. (restricted access) Nature 430:515. "Cloning microbial genes from natural environments has revealed a surprising amount of diversity. In understanding how microorganisms function in ecosystems, how much of this diversity really matters?"

ACINAS, et al., 2004 Jul 29. Fine-scale phylogenetic architecture of a complex bacterial community. Nature 430:551.

VACCARI, et al., 2004 Jul 29. Cambrian origins and affinities of an enigmatic fossil group of arthropods. Nature 430:554.

Danchin et al. , 2004 Jul 29. Public Information: From Nosy Neighbors to Cultural Evolution. Science 305:487-491.

ALLEN, 2004 Jul 22. Peas and helices. (restricted access) Nature 430:404.
Book Review of Mendel's Legacy: The Origin of Classical Genetics by Elof A. Carlson.
Book Review of The Cambrian Fossils of Chengjiang, China: The Flowering of Early Animal Life by Xian-Guang Hou, Richard J. Aldridge, Jan Bergström, David J. Siveter, Derek J. Siveter & Xiang-Hong Feng.

LUO, 2004 Jul 22. A window on early animal evolution. (restricted access)Nature 430:405.

SMITH, 2004 Jul 22. Palaeontology: Echinoderm roots. (restricted access) Nature 430:411. "A bold claim about the origins of the echinoderms is based on newly discovered fossils from China. But many pieces are still missing from this part of the fragmented puzzle of life's evolutionary history."

ELVIN et al., 2004 Jul 22. Evolutionary genetics: Ambiguous role of CCR5 in Y. pestis infection. Nature 430:nnnn.

SHU et al., 2004 Jul 22. Ancestral echinoderms from the Chengjiang deposits of China. Nature 430:422.

Falkowski et al., 2004 Jul 16. The Evolution of Modern Eukaryotic Phytoplankton. Science 305:354-360.

Smith et al., 2004 Jul 16. Mapping the Antigenic and Genetic Evolution of Influenza Virus. Science 305:71-376.

Whitfield, 2004 Jul 15. Exobiology: It's life...isn't it? (restricted access) Nature 430:288. "Scientists find it hard enough to pin down evidence of early life on our own planet. How on Earth do we plan to determine whether life exists elsewhere?"

LEROI, 2004 Jul 15. Gentle biases. (restricted access) Nature 430:294.
Book Review of Biased Embryos and Evolution by Wallace Arthur.

RICKLEFS, 2004 Jul 15. Cladogenesis and morphological diversification in passerine birds. Nature 430:338.

Chen et al., 2004 Jul 09. Small Bilaterian Fossils from 40 to 55 Million Years Before the Cambrian. Science 305:218-222.

Olson and Varki, 2004 Jul 09. GENOMICS: The Chimpanzee Genome--A Bittersweet Celebration. Science 305:191-192.

CONARD et al., 2004 Jul 08. Unexpectedly recent dates for human remains from Vogelherd . Nature 430:198.

HARTER et al., 2004 Jul 08. Origin of extant domesticated sunflowers in eastern North America . Nature 430:201.

HEIL et al., 2004 Jul 08. Evolutionary change from induced to constitutive expression of an indirect plant resistance. Nature 430:205.

GUAN et al., 2004 Jul 08. Genesis of a highly pathogenic and potentially pandemic H5N1 influenza virus in eastern Asia. Nature 430:209.

Potts et al., 2004 Jul 02. Small Mid-Pleistocene Hominin Associated with East African Acheulean Technology. Science 305:75-78.

Sha Sun et al., 2004 Jul 02. The Normal Function of a Speciation Gene, Odysseus, and Its Hybrid Sterility Effect. Science 305:81-83.

Chow et al., 2004 Jul 02. Adaptive Radiation from Resource Competition in Digital Organisms. Science 305:84-86.

Schwartz, 2004 Jul 02. ANTHROPOLOGY: Getting to Know Homo erectus. Science 305:53-54.

Klein, 2004 Jul 02. ANTHROPOLOGY: Was the Culprit Climate or Culture? (restricted access) Science 305:45.
Book Review of Neanderthals and Modern Humans An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective by Clive Finlayson.

GOFFEAU, 2004 Jul 01. Evolutionary genomics: Seeing double. (restricted access) Nature 430:25. "How do genomes evolve? Studies of numerous yeast species confirm the view that the duplication of genes, larger chromosomal segments and whole genomes are key mechanisms."

DUJON et al., 2004 Jul 01. Genome evolution in yeasts. Nature 430:35.

WITTKOPP et al., 2004 Jul 01. Evolutionary changes in cis and trans gene regulation. Nature 430:85.

Stix , 2004 Jun. Homo carnivorous. Scientific American. "Are we genetically optimized to down chicken wings? "

Beja-Pereira et al., 2004 Jun 18. African Origins of the Domestic Donkey. (restricted access) Science 304:1781.

Pennisi, 2004 Jun 18. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Changing a Fish's Bony Armor in the Wink of a Gene. Science 304:1736.

?, 2004 Jun 17. Fresh study questions oldest traces of life in Akilia rock . Nature 429:688.

WANG AND ZHOU, 2004 Jun 10. Palaeontology: Pterosaur embryo from the Early Cretaceous. Nature 429:621. "An impressive fossil discovered in China confirms that pterosaurs were egg-layers."

ROCA et al., 2004 Jun 10. Mesozoic origin for West Indian insectivores. Nature 429:649.

Stokstad, 2004 Jun 04. PALEONTOLOGY: Controversial Fossil Could Shed Light on Early Animals' Blueprint. Science 304:1425.

SCHMITT AND PARO, 2004 Jun 03. Gene regulation: A reason for reading nonsense. (restricted access) Nature 429:510. "The process of transcribing DNA can itself regulate gene expression in yeast: in the case concerned it is the very act of reading the DNA, not the message produced, that carries out the regulatory job."

MOORE, 2004 Jun 03. Behavioural genetics: All in the family. (restricted access) Nature 429:517. "Mothers and offspring may have different ideas about how much maternal care should be provided. How is the behaviour of both parties genetically influenced, and how is this evolutionary conflict resolved?"

BAZYKIN et al., 2004 Jun 03. Positive selection at sites of multiple amino acid replacements since rat–mouse divergence. Nature 429:558.

Ross, 2004 May-Jun. Descending Scales. American Scientist 92:?. "Did the first snakes appear on land or at sea?"

Brodie, 2004 May-Jun. No Use Moving the Cheese. American Scientist 92:?. "Deleting a gene turns a normal mouse into an olfactory superhero."

Kimbel, 2004 May-Jun. Becoming Bipeds. American Scientist 92:?.
Book Review of Lowly Origin: Where, When, and Why Our Ancestors First Stood Up. by Jonathan Kingdon.

Gibbs, 2004 May-Jun. Synthetic Life. Scientific American :?.

Peterson, 2004 May 28. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: A New Synthesis or Just The New Synthesis?. Science 304:1249.
Book Review of The Speciation and Biogeography of Birds by Ian Newton.

WEISSENBACH, 2004 May 27. Genome sequencing: Differences with the relatives. (restricted access) Nature 429:353. "One of the chimpanzee's chromosomes has been sequenced to near-completion. What can this accomplishment tell us about how we have come to look and act so differently from our chimp relatives?"

The International Chimpanzee Chromosome 22 Consortium, 2004 May 27. DNA sequence and comparative analysis of chimpanzee chromosome 22. Nature 429:382.

DELOUKAS et al., 2004 May 27. The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 10. Nature 429:375.

Castle et al., 2004 May 21. Discovery and Directed Evolution of a Glyphosate Tolerance Gene. Science 304:1151-1154.

Parker et al., 2004 May 21. Genetic Structure of the Purebred Domestic Dog. Science 304:1160-1164.

Erwin and Krakauer, 2004 May 21. EVOLUTION: Insights into Innovation. Science 304:1117-1119.

BUSHMAN, 2004 May 20. Gene regulation: Selfish elements make a mark. (restricted access) Nature 429:253. "Transposons qualify as 'selfish' DNA elements, adding new copies of themselves into our genomes without regard for the consequences. This wilful habit may, however, help in normal gene regulation."

TAKIO et al, 2004 May 20. Evolutionary biology: Lamprey Hox genes and the evolution of jaws. Nature 429:?.

HAN et al., 2004 May 20. Transcriptional disruption by the L1 retrotransposon and implications for mammalian transcriptomes. Nature 429:268.

VENDRASCO et al., 2004 May 20. Articulated Palaeozoic fossil with 17 plates greatly expands disparity of early chitons. Nature 429:288.

MCKINNON et al., 2004 May 20. Evidence for ecology's role in speciation. Nature 429:294.

Otto and Nuismer, 2004 May 14. Species Interactions and the Evolution of Sex. Science 304:1018-1020.

Stager et al., 2004 May 14. Comment on "Origin of the Superflock of Cichlid Fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa". Science 304:963.

Verheyen et al., 2004 May 14. Response to Comment on "Origin of the Superflock of Cichlid Fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa". Science 304:963.

Trivers, 2004 May 14. BEHAVIORAL EVOLUTION: Mutual Benefits at All Levels of Life. Science 304:964.
Book Review of Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation by Peter Hammerstein, Ed..

Jolly, 2004 May 14. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: The Wide Spectrum of Sex and Gender. Science 304:965.
Book Review of Evolution's Rainbow Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality in Nature and People by Joan Roughgarden.

Mayr, 2004 May 07. Old World Fossil Record of Modern-Type Hummingbirds. Science 304:861-864.

Olson, 2004 May 07. EVOLUTION AND CREATIONISM: Shapes of a Wedge. Science 304:825.
Book Review of Darwinism, Design, and Public Education by John Angus Campbell and Stephen C. Meyer, Eds..
Book Review of God, the Devil, and Darwin A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory by Niall Shanks.
Book Review of Creationism's Trojan Horse The Wedge of Intelligent Design by Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross.

Stokstad, 2004 May 07. BIRD EVOLUTION: Surprise Hummingbird Fossil Sets Experts Abuzz. Science 304:810-811.

?, 2004 May 06. Feathered fossils cause a flap in museums . (restricted access) Nature 429:5.

HULL, 2004 May 06. The human factor. (restricted access) Nature 429:17.
Book Review of So You Think You're Human? A Brief History of Humankind by Felipe Fernández-Armesto.
Book Review of The Human Story: A New History of Mankind's Evolution. by Robin Dunbar.

BLAFFER HRDY, 2004 May 06. Sexual diversity and the gender agenda. (restricted access) Nature 429:19.
Book Review of Evolution's Rainbow: Diversity, Gender and Sexuality in Nature and People by Joan Roughgarden.

DONLEY et al., 2004 May 06. Convergent evolution in mechanical design of lamnid sharks and tunas. Nature 429:61.

FREELAND and HURST, 2005 Apr. Evolution Encoded. Scientific American (April).

Goren-Inbar et al., 2005 Apr 30. Evidence of Hominin Control of Fire at Gesher Benot Ya`aqov, Israel. Science 304:725-727.

Horn et al., 2005 Apr 30. Illuminating the Evolutionary History of Chlamydiae. Science 304:728-730.

Balter, 2005 Apr 30. ARCHAEOLOGY: Earliest Signs of Human-Controlled Fire Uncovered in Israel. Science 304:663-665.

HUTCHINGS, 2005 Apr 29. Evolutionary biology: The cod that got away. (restricted access) Nature 428:899. "Commercial fishing can reduce the age and size at which fish mature. But it has been unclear whether this reflects changes in genes or in physical responses to the environment. A look at Atlantic cod provides an answer."

KELLEY, 2005 Apr 29. Palaeoanthropology: Neanderthal teeth lined up. (restricted access) Nature 428:904. "A huge amount of biological information is preserved in the growth records of teeth. Tapping into those records provides a tantalizing look at how quickly Neanderthals grew up and reached maturity."

OLSEN et al., 2005 Apr 29. Maturation trends indicative of rapid evolution preceded the collapse of northern cod. Nature 428:932.

RAMIREZ ROZZI and BERMUDEZ DE CASTRO, 2005 Apr 29. Surprisingly rapid growth in Neanderthals. Nature 428:936.

PLOTKIN et al., 2005 Apr 29. Detecting selection using a single genome sequence of M. tuberculosis and P. falciparum. Nature 428:942.

Furnes et al., 2005 Apr 23. Early Life Recorded in Archean Pillow Lavas. Science 304:578-581.

McVean et al., 2005 Apr 23. The Fine-Scale Structure of Recombination Rate Variation in the Human Genome. Science 304:581-584.

Sinninghe Damsté et al., 2005 Apr 23. The Rise of the Rhizosolenid Diatoms. Science 304:584-587.

de Visser and Rozen, 2005 Apr 23. Comment on "High Deleterious Genomic Mutation Rate in Stationary Phase of Escherichia coli". (restricted access) Science 304:518.

Loewe, 2005 Apr 23. Response to Comment on "High Deleterious Genomic Mutation Rate in Stationary Phase of Escherichia coli". (restricted access) Science 304:518.

ZUFALL AND RAUSHER, 2005 Apr 22. Genetic changes associated with floral adaptation restrict future evolutionary potential. Nature 428:847.

Pennisi, 2005 Apr 16. EVOLUTION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DIVERSITY MEETING: The Genes That Change the Cichlid Jaws. Science 304:383.

Pennisi, 2005 Apr 16. EVOLUTION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DIVERSITY MEETING: Japanese Catch of the Day. Science 304:383-384.

Pennisi, 2005 Apr 16. EVOLUTION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DIVERSITY MEETING: RNAi Takes Evo-Devo World by Storm. Science 304:384.

SHUBIN AND DAHN, 2005 Apr 15. Evolutionary biology: Lost and found. (restricted access) Nature 428:703. "Can we ever hope to pin down the genetic changes that underlie the big steps in evolution? Possibly so, if a study of the variation in the pelvic fins of sticklebacks is anything to go by."

RYAN, 2005 Apr 15. Animal behaviour: Fickle females? (restricted access) Nature 428:708. "The courtship of satin bowerbirds is a complicated business. Different parts of a male's display appeal to females of different ages, so age-biased variation might underlie the evolution of these displays."

SHAPIRO et al., 2005 Apr 15. Genetic and developmental basis of evolutionary pelvic reduction in threespine sticklebacks. Nature 428:717.

COLEMAN et al., 2005 Apr 15. Variable female preferences drive complex male displays. Nature 428:742.
Book Review of Deep Simplicity: Chaos, Complexity and the Emergence of Life by John Gribbin.

BUCHANAN, 2005 Apr 08. Keep it simple. (restricted access) Nature 428:604.

TAYLOR AND DAY, 2005 Apr 08. Behavioural evolution: Cooperate with thy neighbour? (restricted access) Nature 428:611. "What gives cooperation an evolutionary edge? Two features of a population — spatial structure and finite size — are factors in the success of any strategy, although more subtle than we thought."

BUSTON et al., 2005 Apr 08. Evolutionary biology: Sex change and relative body size in animals. Nature 428:?

ALLSOP AND WEST, 2005 Apr 08. Evolutionary biology: Sex change and relative body size in animals (reply). Nature 428:nnnn.

KELLIS et al., 2005 Apr 08. Proof and evolutionary analysis of ancient genome duplication in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature 428:617.

NOWAK et al., 2005 Apr 08. Emergence of cooperation and evolutionary stability in finite populations. Nature 428:646.

Shubin et al., 2005 Apr 09. The Early Evolution of the Tetrapod Humerus. Science 304:?

Clack, 2005 Apr 09. PALEONTOLOGY: Enhanced: From Fins to Fingers. Science 304:57-58.

VANE-WRIGHT, 2005 Apr 01. Entomology: Butterflies at that awkward age. (restricted access) Nature 428:477. "Beautifully preserved specimens of butterflies from the Caribbean, caught maybe in the act of egg-laying some 20 million years ago, provide welcome grist to the mill of debate about butterfly history."

ERIKSSON, 2005 Apr 01. Evolutionary biology: Ferns reawakened. (restricted access) Nature 428:480. "The principle of the evolutionary cul-de-sac is commonly invoked to explain the apparent lingering existence of once-diverse groups of organisms. Maybe that principle itself has had its day."

FLOYD AND BOWMAN, 2005 Apr 01. Gene regulation: Ancient microRNA target sequences in plants. Nature 428:485. "A gene-regulation mechanism in plants predates the emergence of flowering species."

Rat Genome Sequencing Project Consortium, 2005 Apr 01. Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into mammalian evolution. Nature 428:493.

SCHNEIDER et al., 2005 Apr 01. Ferns diversified in the shadow of angiosperms. Nature 428:553.

Sosis, 2004 Mar-Apr. The Adaptive Value of Religious Ritual. American Scientist (March-April 2004). "Rituals promote group cohesion by requiring members to engage in behavior that is too costly to fake."

Pennisi, 2004 Mar 26. HUMAN EVOLUTION: The Primate Bite: Brawn Versus Brain? Science 303:1957.

CURRIE, 2004 Mar 25. Human genetics: Muscling in on hominid evolution. (restricted access) Science 428:373. "A molecular difference in the jaw muscles of human and non-human primates has tantalizing echoes in the fossil record. Was this divergence a central event in the evolution of the skull of modern hominids?"

Lazzaro et al., 2004 Mar 19. Genetic Basis of Natural Variation in D. melanogaster Antibacterial Immunity. Science 303:1873-1876.

Hoekstra and Price, 2004 Mar 19. EVOLUTION: Parallel Evolution Is in the Genes. Science 303:1779-1781.

?, 2004 Mar 18. Geneticists study chimp–human divergence. (restricted access) Science 428:242.

Kazazian, 2004 Mar 12. Mobile Elements: Drivers of Genome Evolution. Science 303:1626-1632.

The Chinese SARS Molecular Epidemiology Consortium, 2004 Mar 12. Molecular Evolution of the SARS Coronavirus During the Course of the SARS Epidemic in China. Science 303:1666-1669.

Vajda and McLoughlin, 2004 Mar 05. Fungal Proliferation at the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary. (restricted access) Science 303:1489.

Haile-Selassie et al., 2004 Mar 05. Late Miocene Teeth from Middle Awash, Ethiopia, and Early Hominid Dental Evolution. Science 303:1503-1505.

Begun, 2004 Mar 05. ANTHROPOLOGY: The Earliest Hominins--Is Less More? Science 303:1478-1480.

SUMNER et al., 2004 Mar 04. Ant parasite queens revert to mating singly. Science 428:35. "A parasitic ant has abandoned the multiple mating habit of the queens of its related host."

Holden, 2004 Feb 27. The Origin of Speech. Science 303:1316-1319.

Holden, 2004 Feb 27. CREATIONISM: Georgia Backs Off a Bit, But in Other States Battles Heat Up. Science 303:1268.

DUNBAR, 2004 Feb 26. From spears to speech. (restricted access) Nature 427:783. "Could throwing spears have laid the foundations for language acquisition?"
Book Review of A Brief History of the Mind: From Apes to Intellect and Beyond by William H. Calvin.

Vogel, 2004 Feb 20. BEHAVIORAL EVOLUTION: The Evolution of the Golden Rule. Science 303:1128-1131.

Whitfield, 2004 Feb 19. Origins of life: Born in a watery commune . (restricted access) Nature 427:674. "If you go back far enough, humans, frogs, bacteria and slime moulds share a common ancestor. But scientists can't agree what it was like, or even whether it was a single creature. reviews the evidence."

PAWLOWSKA AND TAYLOR, 2004 Feb 19. Organization of genetic variation in individuals of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. (restricted access) Nature 427:733-737.

Bernasconi et al., 2004 Feb 13. Evolutionary Ecology of the Prezygotic Stage. Science 303:971-975.

De Tomaso and Weissman, 2004 Feb 13. Evolution of a Protochordate Allorecognition Locus. (restricted access) Science 303:977.

Hedrick, 2004 Feb 13. Comment on "Parasite Selection for Immunogenetic Optimality". (restricted access) Science 303:957.

Wegner et al., 2004 Feb 13. Response to Comment on "Parasite Selection for Immunogenetic Optimality". (restricted access) Science 303:957.

Rasmussen et al., 2004 Feb 13. EVOLUTION: Transitions from Nonliving to Living Matter. Science 303:963-965.

Nowak and Sigmund, 2004 Feb 06. Evolutionary Dynamics of Biological Games. Science 303:793-799.

Ronquist, 2004 Feb 06. PHYLOGENETICS: A Broad Look at Tree-Building. Science 303:767-768.

Harris, 2004 Jan-Feb. The Evolution of Jealousy. American Scientist (Jan-Feb 2004). "Did men and women, facing different selective pressures, evolve different "brands" of jealousy? Recent evidence suggests not."

Scotland and Sanderson, 2004 Jan 30. The Significance of Few Versus Many in the Tree of Life. (restricted access) Science 303:643.

CHAIMANEE et al., 2004 Jan 29. A new orang-utan relative from the Late Miocene of Thailand. Nature 427:439.

JOLLY, 2004 Jan 29. Love, actually. (restricted access)Nature 427:396.
Book Review of Why We Love: The Nature and Chemistry of Romantic Love by Helen Fisher.

Emerson et al., 2004 Jan 23. Extensive Gene Traffic on the Mammalian X Chromosome. Science 303:537-540.

Vandermeer, 2004 Jan 23. EVOLUTION: The Importance of a Constructivist View. Science 303:472-474.

?, 2004 Jan 22. A primitive Y chromosome in papaya marks incipient sex chromosome evolution. Nature 427:348.

GRAVES, 2004 Jan 15. The descent of man. (restricted access) Nature 427:199.
Book Review of Adam's Curse: A Future Without Men by Bryan Sykes.

BUDD, 2004 Jan 15. Palaeontology: Lost children of the Cambrian. (restricted access) Nature 427:205. "The initial flowering of animal life on Earth occurred during the Cambrian, some 540–490 million years ago. Fossil embryos from that time can provide clues about the origins of the major animal groups."

PENNY, 2004 Jan 15. Evolutionary biology: Our relative genetics. (restricted access) Nature 427:208. "Data on the chimpanzee genome help in detecting differential selection on individual genes, and in judging whether normal microevolutionary processes are sufficient to account for human origins."

DONG et al., 2004 Jan 15. Fossil embryos from the Middle and Late Cambrian period of Hunan, south China. Nature 427:237.

Ruiz-Pesini et al., 2004 Jan 09. Effects of Purifying and Adaptive Selection on Regional Variation in Human mtDNA. Science 303:223-226.

Schmidt et al., 2004 Jan 09. Abiotic Forcing of Plankton Evolution in the Cenozoic. Science 303:207-210.

Witt and Brumfield, 2004 Jan 09. Comment on "Molecular Phylogenies Link Rates of Evolution and Speciation" (I). (restricted access) Science 303:173.

Brower, 2004 Jan 09. Comment on "Molecular Phylogenies Link Rates of Evolution and Speciation" (II). (restricted access) Science 303:173.

Webster et al., 2004 Jan 09. Response to Comments on "Molecular Phylogenies Link Rates of Evolution and Speciation". (restricted access) Science 303:173.

MARTIN, 2004 Jan 01. Palaeontology: Chinese lantern for early primates. (restricted access) Nature 427:22. "A fossil skull from China, dating to 55 million years ago, provides much-needed substantial evidence of early primates in Asia. Interpretation of the creature's eye size and activity pattern will spark debate."

KLAK et al., 2004 Jan 01. Unmatched tempo of evolution in Southern African semi-desert ice plants. Nature 427:63.

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Copyright © 2004 Stanley C. Spencer. All Rights Reserved.