News: 2002

News relating to evolution from American Scientist, National Geographic, Nature, Science ,and Scientific American are listed. The most recent articles are first.

NATURE: Search
SCIENCE: The Latest, Search , Evolution , Paleontology , Anthropology , Molecular Biology , Genetics.

Artificial Life; Origin of Life, Eukaryotes, Organelles; Origin/Evolution of Prokaryotes, Viruses, Introns, etc.
Ancient Birds; Dinosaurs; Other Ancient Reptiles
Human Origins and Evolution; Domestication
Other Evolutionary Biology
Political, Religious, and Educational Issues

?, 2002 Dec. The Editors Recommend. Scientific American (Dec 2002).
Book Review of The Emergence of Everything: How the World Became Complex by Harold J. Morowitz.

Leonard, 2002 Dec. Food for Thought: Dietary change was a driving force in human evolution. Scientific American (Dec 2002).

Rosenberg et al., Dec 20. Genetic Structure of Human Populations. Science 298:2381-2385. Science Dec 13 2002: .

Dehal et al., Dec 13. The Draft Genome of Ciona intestinalis: Insights into Chordate and Vertebrate Origins. Science 298:2157-2167.

Steadman, Dec 13. PALEONTOLOGY: Everything You Want to Know and Moa. Science 298:2136-2137.

Pennisi, Dec 13. COMPARATIVE GENOMICS: Tunicate Genome Shows a Little Backbone. Science 298:2111-2112.

MICHOR AND NOWAK, 2002 Dec 19/26. Immunology tomorrow. (restricted access) Nature 420:741.
Book Review of Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease by Steven A. Frank.

GERRISH, 2002 Dec 19/26. Computational biology: Evolution plays dice. (restricted access) Nature 420:756 . "In computer simulations, initially identical populations of organisms growing in identical environments follow very different evolutionary trajectories. Mutational interdependence is a key factor."

ZHU et al., 2002 Dec 19/26. Palaeontology: First Devonian tetrapod from Asia. Nature 420:760.

YEDID AND BELL, 2002 Dec 19/26. Macroevolution simulated with autonomously replicating computer programs. Nature 420:810.

?, 2002 Dec 12. Ousted creationist sues over website. (restricted access) Nature 420:597.

WOOD, 2002 Dec 12. So near, but yet so fart. (restricted access) Nature 420:609.
Book Review of Human Evolution Through Developmental Change by Nancy Minugh-Purvis & Kenneth J. McNamara.

GEE, 2002 Dec 12. Progressive evolution: Aspirational thinking. (restricted access) Nature 420:611. "Those evolving-human commercials are just nature philosophy brought up to date."

COLEGRAVE, 2002 Dec 12. Sex releases the speed limit on evolution. Nature 420:664.

PASTERIS AND WOPENKA, 2002 Dec 05. Laser–Raman spectroscopy (Communication arising): Images of the Earth's earliest fossils? Nature 420:476.

SCHOPF et al., 2002 Dec 05. Laser–Raman spectroscopy (Communication arising): Images of the Earth's earliest fossils? Nature 420:477.

KAZMIERCZAK AND KREMER, 2002 Dec 05. Palaeontology (Communication arising): Thermal alteration of the Earth's oldest fossils. Nature 420:477.

BUCKLING AND RAINEY, 2002 Dec 05. The role of parasites in sympatric and allopatric host diversification. Nature 420:496.

Shipman, 2002 Nov-Dec. A Worm's View of Human Evolution. American Scientist (Nov-Dec 2002).

Adis et al., 2002 Nov. Gladiators: A New Order of Insect. Scientific American (Nov 2002). "A mystery in amber is solved on a desert mountain with a discovery that has stunned entomologists."

Greig et al., 2002 Nov 29. Hybrid Speciation in Experimental Populations of Yeast. Science 298:1773-1775.

BONHOEFFER AND SNIEGOWSKI, 2002 Nov 28. Virus evolution: The importance of being erroneous. (restricted access) Nature 420:367. "Viruses must mutate to survive in the face of attack by their host's immune system. A new model suggests that the viral mutation rate is optimized in an evolutionary trade-off between adaptability and genomic integrity."

Bloch and Doug M. Boyer, 2002 Nov 22. Grasping Primate Origins. Science 298:1606-1610.

Savolainen et al., 2002 Nov 22. Genetic Evidence for an East Asian Origin of Domestic Dogs. Science 298:1610-1613.

Leonard et al., 2002 Nov 22. Ancient DNA Evidence for Old World Origin of New World Dogs. Science 298:1613-1616.

Hare et al., 2002 Nov 22. The Domestication of Social Cognition in Dogs. Science 298:1634-1636.

JOYCE, 2002 Nov 21. Molecular evolution: Booting up life. (restricted access) Nature 420:278. "A key question about evolution is how the first informational molecules — thought to be an early form of life — could generate efficient self-replication machinery. The problem is tackled in new computer simulations."

ZHOU et al., 2002 Nov 21. Archaeoraptor's better half. Nature 420:285. "The other component of this infamous fossil forgery is identified as a fish-eating bird."

SZABÓ et al., 2002 Nov 21. In silico simulations reveal that replicators with limited dispersal evolve towards higher efficiency and fidelity. Nature 420:340.

MAYR, 2002 Nov 14. Bringing speciation to the surface. (restricted access) Nature 420:125.
Book Review of Adaptive Radiation of Blind Subterranean Mole Rats by E. Nevo, E. Ivanitskaya & A. Beiles.

ZINNER et al., 2002 Nov 14. Evolutionary biology (Communication arising): Significance of primate sexual swellings. Nature 420:142.

KMITA et al., 2002 Nov 14. Serial deletions and duplications suggest a mechanism for the collinearity of Hoxd genes in limbs. Nature 420:145.

VAN ZUILEN et al., 2002 Nov 14. erratum: Reassessing the evidence for the earliest traces of life. (restricted access) Nature 420:202.

Miller and Pitnick, 2002 Nov 08. Sperm-Female Coevolution in Drosophila. Science 298:1230-1233.

PURVIS, 2002 Nov 07. Adapting to a diverse world. (restricted access) Nature 420:22.
Book Review of Organisms, Diversity and Evolution by Gerhard Haszprunar, J. Wolfgang Wägele & Joachim W. Kadereit (eds.).

GRADY, 2002 Nov 07. Signs of life in planetary science. (restricted access) Nature 420:23.
Book Review of Astrobiology by Sherry L. Cady (ed.).

Reznick et al., 2002 Nov 01. Independent Origins and Rapid Evolution of the Placenta in the Fish Genus Poeciliopsis. Science 298:1018-1020.

Morell, 2002 Nov 01. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Placentas May Nourish Complexity Studies. Science 298:945.

Pennisi, 2002 Nov 01. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Evo-Devo Enthusiasts Get Down to Details. Science 298:953-955.

Stokstad, 2002 Nov 01. SOCIETY OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY MEETING: A Bonanza of Bones. Science 298:955-957.

Milner, 2002 Oct. Putting Darwin in His Place. Scientific American (October 2002).
Book Review of Charles Darwin: The Power of Place by Janet Browne.

Pennisi, 2002 Oct 25. EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS: Jumbled DNA Separates Chimps and Humans. Science 298:719-721.

SZATHMÁRY, 2002 Oct 24. The gospel of inevitability . (restricted access) Nature 419:779. "Was the Universe destined to lead to the evolution of humans?"
Book Review of Life Evolving: Molecules, Mind, and Meaning by Christian de Duve.

MAYR, 2002 Oct 24. The last word on Darwin? (restricted access) Nature 419:781.
Book Review of Charles Darwin: The Power of Place by Janet Browne.

KOSKINEN et al., 2002 Oct 24. Contemporary fisherian life-history evolution in small salmonid populations. Nature 419:826.

MICHOR AND NOWAK, 2002 Oct 17. Evolution: The good, the bad and the lonely. (restricted access) Nature 419:677. "In game theory, 'loners' who choose not to participate in fact promote cooperation between players. The dynamics of the game show phase transitions and complex phenomena reminiscent of statistical physics."

Koentges and Matsuoka, 2002 Oct 11. EVOLUTION: Enhanced: Jaws of the Fates. Science 298:371-373.

MALLET, 2002 Oct 10. Move over Darwin. (restricted access) Nature 419:561. "A look at the co-discoverer of natural selection. Neo-Wallaceism anyone?"
Book Review of In Darwin's Shadow: The Life and Science of Alfred Russel Wallace by Michael Shermer.

VAN NOORDWIJK, 2002 Oct 10. Behavioural ecology: Excuses for avian infidelity. (restricted access) Nature 419:571. "In some bird species, both males and females seek to mate with other birds who are not their partners. It seems that this behaviour is motivated by a desire to reduce the harmful effects of inbreeding."

WOLPOFF et al., 2002 Oct 10. Palaeoanthropology (communication arising): Sahelanthropus or 'Sahelpithecus'? Nature 419:581.

BRUNET, 2002 Oct 10. Palaeoanthropology (communication arising): Sahelanthropus or 'Sahelpithecus'? Nature 419:582.

BLOMQVIST et al., 2002 Oct 10. Genetic similarity between mates and extra-pair parentage in three species of shorebirds. Nature 419:613.

della Torre et al., 2002 Oct 04. Speciation Within Anopheles gambiae-- the Glass Is Half Full. Science 298:115-117.

Ranson et al., 2002 Oct 04. Evolution of Supergene Families Associated with Insecticide Resistance. Science 298:179-181.

Sharakhov et al., 2002 Oct 04. Inversions and Gene Order Shuffling in Anopheles gambiae and A. funestus. Science 298:182-185.

Chen and Huang, 2002 Oct 04. A Possible Lower Cambrian Chaetognath (Arrow Worm). (restricted access) Science 298:187.
Book Review of Dr. Tatiana's Sex Advice to All Creation by Olivia Judson.

Harvey, 2002 Oct 04. EVOLUTION: Explanations for the Birds and the Bees. Science 298:68.

Brown, 2002 Oct 04. FLORAL EVOLUTION: A Compromise on Floral Traits. Science 298:45-46.

NEE, 2002 Oct 03. Shaking the tree of life. (restricted access) Nature 419:435.
Book Review of The Nature of Diversity: An Evolutionary Voyage of Discovery by Daniel R.Brooks & Deborah A. McLennan.

CARDILLO AND LISTER, 2002 Oct 03. Evolutionary biology: Death in the slow lane. (restricted access) Nature 419:440. "Were the Late Pleistocene extinctions of large mammals the result of climate change or big-game hunting by humans? Reconstructing the biology of extinct species provides clues to the answer."

Paul, 2002 Sep-Oct. Swashbuckling into the Nebulous Future. American Scientist (vol 90).
Book Review of Redesigning Humans: Our Inevitable Genetic Future by Gregory Stock.

Bickerton, 2002 Sep-Oct. A Bare-Bones Account of Human Evolution. American Scientist (vol 90).
Book Review of The Dawn of Human Culture by Richard G. Klein.

Maestripieri, 2002 Sep-Oct. Hand-me-down Speech. American Scientist (vol 90).
Book Review of From Hand to Mouth: The Origins of Language by Michael C. Corballis.

?, 2002 Sep. The Editors Recommend. Scientific American (Sept 2002).
Book Review of The First Americans: In Pursuit of Archaeology's Greatest Mystery by J. M. Adovasio.

Denholm et al., 2002 Sep 27. EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS: Insecticide Resistance on the Move. Science 297:2222-2223.

Owens, 2002 Sep 27. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION: Sex Differences in Mortality Rate. Science 297:2008-2009.

Moore, 2002 Sep 27. SYSTEMATICS: Down with the Kingdom (Phylum, Class, and Order Too). Science 297:1650-1651.

JANVIER, 2002 Sep 26. When fish learned to walk. (restricted access) Nature 419:339. "The process by which fish took to the land occurred in several steps."
Book Review of Gaining Ground: The Origin and Evolution of Tetrapods by Jennifer A. Clack.

HOY, 2002 Sep 26. Call of the wild. (restricted access) Nature 419:340.
Book Review of Signalers and Receivers: Mechanisms and Evolution of Arthropod Communication by Michael D. Greenfield.

WOOD, 2002 Sep 26. Journey to the stars. Nature 419:341.
Book Review of Children of the Stars: Our Origin, Evolution and Destiny by Daniel R. Altschuler.

Weller et al., 2002 Sep 06. Identification of a DNA Nonhomologous End-Joining Complex in Bacteria. Science 297:1686-1689.

Pennisi, 2002 Sep 06. PLANT EVOLUTION: Elaborate Carnivorous Plants Prove to Be Kin. Science 297:1626.

MAUREILLE, 2002 Sep 26. Anthropology: A lost Neanderthal neonate found. Nature 419:33. "A remarkable discovery in a French museum answers some long-standing questions."

Gore, 2002 Aug. Georgian Skull Find. National Geographic (Aug 2002)

Ruse, 2002 Aug 30. HUMAN EVOLUTION: Can Selection Explain the Presbyterians? Science 297:1479.
Book Review of Darwin's Cathedral Evolution, Religion, and the Nature of Society by David Sloan Wilson.

RAFF, 2002 Aug 29. Shadows of Plato's genes. (restricted access) Nature 418:917.
Book Review of The Evolution of Developmental Pathways by Adam S. Wilkins.

Geffeney et al., 2002 Aug 23. Mechanisms of Adaptation in a Predator-Prey Arms Race: TTX-Resistant Sodium Channels. Science 297:1336-1339.

West Packer, 2002 Aug 23. Sexual Selection, Temperature, and the Lion's Mane. Science 297:1339-1343.

Withgott, 2002 Aug 23. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Cool Cats Lose Out in the Mane Event. Science 297:1255-1256.

ROGER AND SILBERMAN, 2002 Aug 22. Cell evolution: Mitochondria in hiding. (restricted access) Nature 418:827. "The apparent absence of mitochondria in some microbes contributed to the view that they were early offshoots of the eukaryotic line of descent. New evidence tells a different story."

ENARD et al., 2002 Aug 22. Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language. Nature 418:869.

Kerr, 2002 Aug 16. EVOLUTION: Could Poor Nutrition Have Held Life Back? Science 297:1104-1105.

Balter, 2002 Aug 16. LANGUAGE EVOLUTION: 'Speech Gene' Tied to Modern Humans. Science 297:1105.

ZHU AND YU, 2002 Aug 15. A primitive fish close to the common ancestor of tetrapods and lungfish. Nature 418:767.

BRUNET et al., 2002 Aug 15. erratum: A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa. (restricted access) Nature 418:801.

Grant, 2002 Aug 09. EVOLUTION: Sour Grapes of Wrath. Science 297:940.
Book Review of Of Moths and Men The Untold Story of Science and the Peppered Moth by Judith Hooper.

Dusheck, 2002 Aug 08. Evolutionary developmental biology: It's the ecology, stupid! (restricted access) Nature 418:578. "Can studies of environmental influences on developing organisms provide the key to understanding the evolution of species and populations? A growing number of researchers think so."

VAN NOORDWIJK, 2002 Aug 08. Quantifying bird diversity. (restricted access) Nature 418:588.
Book Review of Evolutionary Ecology of Birds: Life Histories, Mating Systems and Extinction by Peter M. Bennett & Ian P. F. Owens.

VAN ZUILEN et al., 2002 Aug 08. Reassessing the evidence for the earliest traces of life. Nature 418:627.

DIAMOND, 2002 Aug 08. Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication. Nature 418:700.

Vigilant, 2002 Aug 02. HUMAN GENETICS: Moving and Mixing. Science 297:775.
Book Review of Mapping Human History Discovering the Past Through Our Genes by Steve Olson.

?, 2002 Aug 01. DNA points the way ahead in taxonomy. (restricted access) Nature 418:479. "In assessing new approaches, it's time for DNA's unique contribution to take a central role."

BIRKHEAD, 2002 Aug 01. A bestial feast. (restricted access) Nature 418:483.
Book Review of Dr Tatiana's Sex Advice to All Creation: The Definitive Guide to the Evolutionary Biology of Sex by Olivia Judson.

ROBERTS AND SHERRATT, 2002 Aug 01. Behavioural evolution (Communication arising): Does similarity breed cooperation? Nature 418:499.

RIOLO et al., 2002 Aug 01. Behavioural evolution (Communication arising): Does similarity breed cooperation? Nature 418:500.

JOHNSTONE, 2002 Aug 01. The evolution of inaccurate mimics. Nature 418:524.

Klesius, 2002 Jul. The Big Bloom: How Flowering Plants Changed the World. National Geographic (July 2002).

Rennie, 2002 Jul. 15 Answers to Creationist Nonsense. Scientific American (July 2002).

Schwartz, 2002 Jul. Climatic and Evolutionary Whiplash. Scientific American (July 2002).
Book Review of A Brain for All Seasons: Human Evolution and Abrupt Climate Change by William H. Calvin.

Stokstad, 2002 Jul 26. PALEONTOLOGY: Fossil Bird From China Turns Tail, Spills Guts. Science 297:495.

ZHOU AND ZHANG, 2002 Jul 25. A long-tailed, seed-eating bird from the Early Cretaceous of China. Nature 418:405.

Rikkinen et al., 2002 Jul 19. Lichen Guilds Share Related Cyanobacterial Symbionts. (restricted access) Science 297:357.

MEYER, 2002 Jul 18. Viewing life as cooperation. (restricted access) Nature 418:275. "Can symbiosis and genome acquisition account for all speciation?"
Book Review of Acquiring Genomes: A Theory of the Origin of Species by Lynn Margulis & Dorion Sagan.

THOMSON, 2002 Jul 18. Darwin's personal voyage. (restricted access) Nature 418:277.
Book Review of Fossils, Finches and Fuegians: Charles Darwin's Adventures and Discoveries on the Beagle, 1832–1836 by Richard Keynes.

WOOTTON et al., 2002 Jul 18. Genetic diversity and chloroquine selective sweeps in Plasmodium falciparum. Nature 418:320.

MU et al., 2002 Jul 18. Chromosome-wide SNPs reveal an ancient origin for Plasmodium falciparum. Nature 418:323.

Gibbon, 2002 Jul 12. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: First Member of Human Family Uncovered. Science 297:171-173.

Abouheif and Wray, 2002 Jul 12. Evolution of the Gene Network Underlying Wing Polyphenism in Ants. Science 297:249-252.

Clutton-Brock et al., 2002 Jul 12. Evolution and Development of Sex Differences in Cooperative Behavior in Meerkats. Science 297:253-256.

CHARLESWORTH, 2002 Jul 11. Evolution by design? (restricted access) Nature 418:129.
Book Review of No Free Lunch: Why Specified Complexity Cannot Be Purchased without Intelligence by William A. Dembski.

WOOD, 2002 Jul 11. Palaeoanthropology: Hominid revelations from Chad. (restricted access) Nature 418:133. "The story of human origins in Africa takes a twist with the description of a 6–7-million-year-old cranium from Chad. The discovery hints at the likely diversity of early hominids."

BRUNET et al., 2002 Jul 11. A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa. Nature 418:145.

VIGNAUD et al., 2002 Jul 11. Geology and palaeontology of the Upper Miocene Toros-Menalla hominid locality, Chad. Nature 418:152.

JOYCE, 2002 Jul 11. The antiquity of RNA-based evolution. Nature 418:214.

Vekua et al., 2002 Jul 05. A New Skull of Early Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia. Science 297:85-89.

Stechmann and Cavalier-Smith, 2002 Jul 05. Rooting the Eukaryote Tree by Using a Derived Gene Fusion. Science 297:89-91.

Conover and Munch, 2002 Jul 05. Sustaining Fisheries Yields Over Evolutionary Time Scales. Science 297:94-96.

Flannery, 2002 Jul 05. PALEONTOLOGY: Mammals on the European Stage. Science 297:57-58.
Book Review of Mammoths, Sabertooths, and Hominids: 65 Million Years of Mammalian Evolution in Europe by Jordi Agustí and Mauricio Antón.

Balter and Gibbons, 2002 Jul 05. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: Were 'Little People' the First to Venture Out of Africa? Science 297:26-27.

Tamas et al., 2002 Jun 28. 50 Million Years of Genomic Stasis in Endosymbiotic Bacteria. Science 296:2376-2379.

Johnson and Ellis, 2002 Jun 28. A Tropical Rainforest in Colorado 1.4 Million Years After the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary. Science 296:2379-2383.

Wood et al., 2002 Jun 28. Proterozoic Modular Biomineralized Metazoan from the Nama Group, Namibia. Science 296:2383-2386.

Garrett, 2002 Jun 28. LINGUISTICS: New Vines on Old Roots. Science 296:2341-2342.

Proctor, 2002 Jun 28. HUMAN EVOLUTION: Out of the Chattering Ice. Science 296:2342-2343.

Mitchell-Olds and Knight, 2002 Jun 28. EVOLUTION: Chaperones as Buffering Agents? Science 296:2348-2349.

NEI, 2002 Jun 27. Our molecular history. (restricted access) Nature 417:899.
Book Review of Where Do We Come From?: The Molecular Evidence for Human Descent by Jan Klein and Naoyuki Takahata.

MELCHOR et al, 2002 Jun 27. Bird-like fossil footprints from the Late Triassic. Nature 417:936.

?, 2002 Jun 20. Microfossils: Squaring up over ancient life. (restricted access) Nature 417:782. "The textbooks say that oxygen-producing microorganisms evolved some 3.5 billion years ago. But asthat claim and its author come under attack, the history of life on Earth may have to be rewritten. Rex Dalton investigates."

NEDERBRAGT et al.a, 2002 Jun 20. Evolutionary biology: Hedgehog crosses the snail's midline. Nature 417:811.

DOMINGUEZ et al., 2002 Jun 20. Paired gill slits in a fossil with a calcite skeleton. Nature 417:841.

Vollmer and Palumbi, 2002 Jun 14. Hybridization and the Evolution of Reef Coral Diversity. Science 296:2023-2025.

Bada and Lazcano, 2002 Jun 14. ORIGIN OF LIFE: Some Like It Hot, But Not the First Biomolecules. Science 296:1982-1983.

Fortey, 2002 Jun 14. EVOLUTION: RETROSPECTIVE Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002). Science 296:1984.

Pennisi, 2002 Jun 14. EVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT: Comparative Biology Joins the Molecular Age. Science 296:1792-1795.

MOGGI-CECCHI, 2002 Jun 13. Portraits of our family tree. (restricted access) Nature 417:692.
Book Review of The Human Fossil Record. Volume 1: Terminology and Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Europe) by Jeffrey Schwartz and Ian Tattersall.

JANVIER AND ARSENAULT, 2002 Jun 06. Palaeobiology: Calcification of early vertebrate cartilage. Nature 417:609.

SOUBEYRAND AND PLOTKIN, 2002 Jun 06. Microbial evolution (Communication arising): Antitoxin vaccines and pathogen virulence. Nature 417:609.

GANDON et al, 2002 Jun 06. Microbial evolution (Communication arising): Antitoxin vaccines and pathogen virulence. Nature 417:610.

NOWAK et al., 2002 Jun 06. Computational and evolutionary aspects of language. Nature 417:771.

WONG, 2002 May-June. The Mammals That Conquered the Seas. Scientific American (May-June 2002). "Using recently discovered fossils and DNA analyses, scientists are at last unraveling the mysterious evolutionary history of whales."

Day et al., 2002 May 31. Sauropod Trackways, Evolution, and Behavior. Science 296:1659.

MARSHALL, 2002 May 30. With brains, minds and voices. (restricted access) Nature 417:488.
Book Review of Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution by Ray Jackendoff

THEODOR, 2002 May 30. Evolutionary biology: Crowning glories. (restricted access) Nature 417:498. "The evolutionary trend towards high-crowned teeth in European herbivores during the Miocene was, it seems, driven by the geographically common groups, and not rare ones. That conclusion has broader implications."

Moore et al., 2002 May 24. Evidence of HIV-1 Adaptation to HLA-Restricted Immune Responses at a Population Level. Science 296:1439-1443.

Mercader et al., 2002 May 24. Excavation of a Chimpanzee Stone Tool Site in the African Rainforest. Science 296:1452-1455.

Vogel, 2002 May 24. ARCHAEOLOGY: Can Chimps Ape Ancient Hominid Toolmakers? Science 296:1380.

Kerr, 2002 May 24. PALEONTOLOGY: Reversals Reveal Pitfalls in Spotting Ancient and E.T. Life. Science 296:1384-1385.

Knight, 2002 May 23. Evolutionary genetics: All genomes great and small. (restricted access) Nature 417:374. "Chromosome size and number can vary widely between closely related organisms. This poses a challenge for the evolutionary geneticists who are trying to make sense of genome structure, says Jonathan Knight."

NOSIL et al., 2002 May 23. Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation. Nature 417:440.

Grafen, 2002 May 17. HUMAN EVOLUTION: Should It Be Homo economicus? Science 296:1243.
Book Review of Second Nature Economic Origins of Human Evolution by Haim Ofek.

Kerr, 2002 May 17. EVOLUTION: Did an Impact Trigger the Dinosaurs' Rise? Science 296:1215-1216.

RIDLEY, 2002 May 16. A popular evolution. (restricted access) Nature 417:223. "An authoritative introduction to the history of life from a respected theorist."
Book Review of What Evolution Is by Ernst Mayr.

BROCHIER AND PHILIPPE, 2002 May 16. Phylogeny: A non-hyperthermophilic ancestor for Bacteria. Nature 417: 244.

BUDD, 2002 May 16. A palaeontological solution to the arthropod head problem. Nature 417:271.

Zimmer, 2002 May 17. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Timing Is Everything for Wolbachia Hosts. Science 296:999-1000.

Pennisi, 2002 May 17. EVOLUTION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DIVERSITY: Evo-Devo Devotees Eye Ocular Origins and More. Science 296:1010-1011.

SIVA-JOTHY, 2002 May 09. When ejaculates collide.... (restricted access) Nature 417:122.
Book Review of Sperm Competition and its Evolutionary Consequences in the Insects by Leigh W. Simmons.

Sun et al., 2002 May 03. Archaefructaceae, a New Basal Angiosperm Family. Science 296:899-904.

Stokstad, 2002 May 03. PALEOBOTANY: Fossil Plant Hints How First Flowers Bloomed. Science 296:821.

Grant and Grant, 2002 Apr 26. Unpredictable Evolution in a 30-Year Study of Darwin's Finches. Science 296:707-711.

Fraser et al., 2002 Apr 26. Evolutionary Rate in the Protein Interaction Networkt. Science 296:750-752.
Book Review of The Structure of Evolutionary Theory by Stephen Jay Gould.

Futuyma, 2002 Apr 26. EVOLUTION: Stephen Jay Gould à la recherche du temps perdu. Science 296:661-663.

Zimmer, 2002 Apr 26. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Darwin's Avian Muses Continue to Evolve. Science 296:633-635.

Stokstad, 2002 Apr 26. PALEONTOLOGY: 'Fantastic' Fossil Helps Narrow Data Gap. Science 296:637-639.

Vogel, 2002 Apr 26. PALEONTOLOGY: A Fossil Treasure Trove Hidden in Goethe's City. Science 296:646-647.

WAKE, 2002 Apr 25. A few words about evolution. (restricted access) Nature 416:787. "Building a hierarchical framework on the foundations of darwinism."
Book Review of The Structure of Evolutionary Theory by Stephen Jay Gould.

SLEIGH, 2002 Apr 25. Putting evolution in context. (restricted access) Nature 416:790.
Book Review of Infinite Tropics: An Alfred Russel Wallace Anthology by Andrew Berry.
Book Review of The Alfred Russel Wallace Reader: A Selection of Writings from the Field by Jane Camerini.

WEIL, 2002 Apr 25. Mammalian evolution: Upwards and onwards. (restricted access) Nature 416:798. "A newly described fossil sits on one of the lowest branches of the placental-mammal family tree. But its paws and claws suggest that, where actual vegetation was concerned, it could climb further than its contemporaries"

JI et al., 2002 Apr 25. The earliest known eutherian mammal. Nature 416:816.

BELDADE et al., 2002 Apr 25. Developmental constraints versus flexibility in morphological evolution. Nature 416:844.

SCHNITZER, 2002 Apr 18. Biological computation: Amazing algorithms. (restricted access) Nature 416:683. "Natural selection has created many species in which individual survival rests on computations performed by the organism's own physiology."

NOORDWIJK, 2002 Apr 18. Evolutionary biology: The tale of the parasitic cuckoos. (restricted access) Nature 416:687. "These days, investigations of evolutionary events in groups of organisms can be taken well beyond the just-so story. Analysis of how members of the cuckoo family became 'brood parasites' provides a wonderful example."

TAVARÉ et al., 2002 Apr 18. Using the fossil record to estimate the age of the last common ancestor of extant primates. Nature 416:726.

Worobey et al., 2002 Apr 12. Questioning the Evidence for Genetic Recombination in the 1918 "Spanish Flu" Virus. Science 296:211.

Pennisi, 2002 Apr 12. PRIMATE EVOLUTION: Gene Activity Clocks Brain's Fast Evolution. Science 296:233-235.

TOLLRIAN, 2002 Apr 11. It's not all in the genes. (restricted access) Nature 416:584.
Book Review of Phenotypic Plasticity: Beyond Nature and Nurture by Massimo Pigliucci.

MUSSER et al., 2002 Apr 11. Herbivory: Caterpillar saliva beats plant defences. Nature 416:599. "A new weapon emerges in the evolutionary arms race between plants and herbivores."

MAKOVA AND LI, 2002 Apr 11. Strong male-driven evolution of DNA sequences in humans and apes. Nature 416:624.

Clutton-Brock, 2002 Apr 05. Breeding Together: Kin Selection and Mutualism in Cooperative Vertebrates. Science 296:69-72.

ANDERSON AND DIXSON, 2002 Apr 04. Sperm competition: Motility and the midpiece in primates. Nature 416:496.

TANAKA et al., 2002 Apr 04. Fin development in a cartilaginous fish and the origin of vertebrate limbs. Nature 416:527.

BUSTAMANTE et al., 2002 Apr 04. The cost of inbreeding in Arabidopsis. Nature 416:531.

Secord, 2002 Mar-Apr. A Naturalist in Paradise. American Scientist.
Book Review of The Alfred Russel Wallace Reader: A Selection of Writings from the Field by Jane R. Camerini (ed.).

OYLE, 2002 Mar. Down with Evolution! Scientific American. "Creationists are changing state educational standards."

?, 2002 Mar. The Editors Recommend. Scientific American.
Book Review of The Birds Of Northern Melanesia: Speciation, Ecology, And Biogeography by Ernst Mayr and Jared Diamond.
Book Review of The Cooperative Gene: How Mendel's Demon Explains The Evolution Of Complex Beings by Mark Ridley.

Lehn, 2002 Mar 29. Toward Self-Organization and Complex Matter. Science 295:2400.

Padian, 2002 Mar 29. EVOLUTION AND CREATIONISM: Waiting for the Watchmaker. Science 295:2373.
Book Review of Intelligent Design Creationism and Its Critics Philosophical, Theological, and Scientific Perspectives by Robert T. Pennock (ed.)

WILLS, 2002 Mar 28. Hominid economics. (restricted access) Nature 416:370.
Book Review of Second Nature: Economic Origins of Human Evolution by Haim Ofek.

SPEED AND RUXTON, 2002 Mar 28. Animal behaviour: Evolution of suicidal signals. (restricted access) Nature 416:375. "To deter predators, some organisms have evolved protective mechanisms and warning colorations. Innovative mathematical modelling shows how the first animals with these signals might have managed to survive."

SHOCK, 2002 Mar 28. Astrobiology: Seeds of life? (restricted access) Nature 416:380. "Amino acids, a basic constituent of life, can form in dust grains that are similar to those found in the space between stars. But how much does this tell us about the origins of life on Earth?"

COHN, 2002 Mar 28. Evolutionary biology: Lamprey Hox genes and the origin of jaws. Nature 416:386.

PETERS AND FOOTE, 2002 Mar 28. Determinants of extinction in the fossil record. Nature 416:420.

Lambert et al., 2002 Mar 22. Rates of Evolution in Ancient DNA from Adélie Penguins. Science 295:2270.

Kidwell, 2002 Mar 22. GENOME EVOLUTION: Keeping Pace with Opportunistic DNA. Science 295:2219.

Gibbons, 2002 Mar 22. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: African Skull Points to One Human Ancestor. Science 295:2192.

Pennisi, 2002 Mar 22. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Ancient DNA Untangles Evolutionary Paths. Science 295:2197.

?, 2002 Mar 21. Evolution critics seek role for unseen hand in education. (restricted access) Nature 416:250.

XU et al., 2002 Mar 21. A ceratopsian dinosaur from China and the early evolution of Ceratopsia. Nature 416:314.

ASFAW et al., 2002 Mar 21. Remains of Homo erectus from Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Nature 416:317.

HERLIHY AND ECKERT, 2002 Mar 21. Genetic cost of reproductive assurance in a self-fertilizing plant . Nature 416:320.

DORIS BACHTROG AND BRIAN CHARLESWORTH, 2002 Mar 21. Reduced adaptation of a non-recombining neo-Y chromosome. Nature 416:323.

STEINMETZ et al., 2002 Mar 21. Dissecting the architecture of a quantitative trait locus in yeast. Nature 416:326.

HUTCHINSON AND GARCIA, 2002 Mar 21. erratum: Tyrannosaurus was not a fast runner. (restricted access) Nature 416:349.

Bowen et al., 2002 Mar 15. Mammalian Dispersal at the Paleocene/Eocene Boundary. Science 295:2062.

Beard, 2002 Mar 15. PALEONTOLOGY: East of Eden at the Paleocene/Eocene Boundary. Science 295:2028.

DIXON, 2002 Mar 14. The shape of things to come. (restricted access) Nature 416:127.
Book Review of Future Evolution: An Illuminated History of Life to Come by Peter Ward.

RAUHUT et al., 2002 Mar 14. A Jurassic mammal from South America. Nature 416:165.

Kerr, 2002 Mar 08. PALEONTOLOGY: Earliest Signs of Life Just Oddly Shaped Crud? Science 295:1812.

Morell, 2002 Mar 08. ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Guppy Sex and Gluttony Guided by Orange Glow. Science 295:1816.

JUDSON, 2002 Mar 07. The book of revelation. (restricted access) Nature 416:017.
Book Review of The Collected Papers of W. D. Hamilton: Narrow Roads of Gene Land. Volume 2: Evolution of Sex byW.D. Hamilton.

CANN, 2002 Mar 07. Human evolution: Tangled genetic routes. (restricted access) Nature 416:032. "It is generally accepted that early human evolution took place in Africa, with human populations spreading from there. Using genetics to trace events in more detail remains a challenging task."

TEMPLETON, 2002 Mar 07. Out of Africa again and again. Nature 416:045.

SCHOPF et al., 2002 Mar 07. Laser–Raman imagery of Earth's earliest fossils. Nature 416:073.

BRASIER et al., 2002 Mar 07. Questioning the evidence for Earth's oldest fossils. Nature 416:076.

West and Sheldon, 2002 Mar 01. Constraints in the Evolution of Sex Ratio Adjustment. Science 295:1685.

Stokstad, 2002 Mar 01. PALEONTOLOGY: T. rex Was No Runner, Muscle Study Shows. Science 295:1620. The world's fourth-largest island divulges fossils that could revolutionize views on the origins of dinosaurs and mammals.

FLYNN AND WYSS, 2002 Feb. Madagascar's Mesozoic Secrets. Scientific American (Feb 2002).

Shermer, 2002 Feb. The Gradual Illumination of the Mind. Scientific American (Feb 2002). "The advance of science, not the demotion of religion, will best counter the influence of creationism."

?, 2002 Feb. The Editors Recommend. Scientific American (Feb 2002).
Book Review of What Evolution Is by Ernst Mayr.

PRUETT-JONES, 2002 Feb 28. Triumph of the naturalist . (restricted access) Nature 415:959.
Book Review of The Birds of Northern Melanesia: Speciation, Ecology, and Biogeography by Ernst Mayr & Jared Diamond.

BIEWENER, 2002 Feb 28. Biomechanics: Walking with tyrannosaurs. (restricted access) Nature 415:971. "Tyrannosaurus terrorized the Earth — at least in the Hollywood version of history. But an estimate of the muscle volume in its hind legs suggests that the mighty giant could only walk, not run"

HUTCHINSON AND GARCIA, 2002 Feb 28. Tyrannosaurus was not a fast runner. Nature 415:1018.

SMITH AND EYRE-WALKER, 2002 Feb 28. Adaptive protein evolution in Drosophila. Nature 415:1022.

FAY et al., 2002 Feb 28. Testing the neutral theory of molecular evolution with genomic data from Drosophila. Nature 415:1024n.

SIBLEY, 2002 Feb 21. Parasites: No more free lunch. (restricted access) Nature 415:843. "Parasites generally depend on their hosts to supply the molecules needed for life. One parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, has retained the ability to make some of the building blocks of DNA, but this could be its downfall."

LEVINE, 2002 Feb 21. Evolutionary biology: How insects lose their limbs. (restricted access) Nature 415:848. "Evolution has produced marvellous variety in the arthropods, and in their various appendages. The evolutionary processes are themselves proving highly diverse."

GALANT AND CARROLL, 2002 Feb 21. Evolution of a transcriptional repression domain in an insect Hox protein. Nature 415:910.

RONSHAUGEN et al., 2002 Feb 21. Hox protein mutation and macroevolution of the insect body plan. Nature 415:914.

Henshilwood et al., 2002 Feb 15. Emergence of Modern Human Behavior: Middle Stone Age Engravings from South Africa. (restricted access) Science 295:1278-1280.

Shaw, 2002 Feb 15. EVOLUTION: Do We Need Species Concepts? Science 295:1238-1239.
Book Review of Primate Origins of Human Cognition and Behavior by T. Matsuzawa, Ed..

Boysen, 2002 Feb 15. COGNITIVE SCIENCE: An Eastern View of Apes and Monkeys. Science 295:nnnnn.

Dover et al., 2002 Feb 15. Evolution and Biogeography of Deep-Sea Vent and Seep Invertebrates. Science 295:1253-1257.

Kerr, 2002 Feb 15. PALEONTOLOGY: Earliest Animal Tracks or Just Mud Cracks?. Science 295:1209.

Gibbons, 2002 Feb 15. BECOMING HUMAN: In Search of the First Hominids. Science 295:1214-1219.

Gibbons, 2002 Feb 15. BECOMING HUMAN: New Fossils Raise Molecular Questions. Science 295:1217.

Balter, 2002 Feb 15. BECOMING HUMAN: What Made Humans Modern? Science 295:1219-1225.

Balter, 2002 Feb 15. BECOMING HUMAN: Why Get Smart? Science 295:1225.

SCHOLZ, 2002 Feb 14. Innateness. (restricted access) Nature 415:739. "Reconciling 'instinct' with biological reality may require a recasting of evolutionary metaphors."

THEIEN, 2002 Feb 14. Orthology: Secret life of genes. (restricted access) Nature 415:741. "The relationship between genes that originated through speciation is one of the most widely misunderstood — and misused — concepts of evolutionary biology."

VAN DAMME et al., 2002 Feb 14. Evolutionary biology: Performance constraints in decathletes. Nature 415:755.

ARTHUR, 2002 Feb 14. The emerging conceptual framework of evolutionary developmental biology. Nature 415:757.

XU et al., 2002 Feb 14. A basal troodontid from the Early Cretaceous of China. Nature 415:780.

RAXWORTHY et al., 2002 Feb 14. Chameleon radiation by oceanic dispersal. Nature 415:784.

ARNQVIST AND ROWE, 2002 Feb 14. Antagonistic coevolution between the sexes in a group of insects. Nature 415:787.

Dubrova et al., 2002 Feb 08. Nuclear Weapons Tests and Human Germline Mutation Rate. (restricted access) Science 295:1037.

HOEGH-GULDBERG et al., 2002 Feb 07. Ecology (Communication arising): Is coral bleaching really adaptive? Nature 415:601.

BAKER, 2002 Feb 07. Ecology (Communication arising): Is coral bleaching really adaptive? Nature 415:602.

BOND AND KAMIL, 2002 Feb 07. Visual predators select for crypticity and polymorphism in virtual prey. Nature 415:609.

ZHANG et al., 2002 Feb 07. Genome shuffling leads to rapid phenotypic improvement in bacteria. Nature 415:644.

Shipman, 2002 Jan-Feb. Hunting the first hominid. American Scientist (Jan-Feb 2002).

Milner, 2002 Jan. The First Evolutionary Psychologist. Scientific American (Jan 2002).
Book Review of Darwin, His Daughter, and Human Evolution by Randal Keynes .

Wong, 2002 Jan. Taking Wing: A new view of the origin of bird flight emerges. Scientific American (Jan 2002).

Moffat, 2002 Jan 25. PRIMATE ORIGINS MEETING: New Fossils and a Glimpse of Evolution. Science 295:613-615.

RAVEN, 2002 Jan 24. Photosynthesis: Evolutionary options. (Restricted access) Nature 415:375. "The discovery in tobacco and celery of components of the C4 type of photosynthesis presents a host of intriguing questions about when and how this pathway evolved in higher plants."

?, 2002 Jan 17. Sexual stereotypes. (Restricted access) Nature 415:254. "Males are promiscuous and females are choosy, according to evolutionary dogma embodied in a theory called Bateman's principle. Only recently have researchers begun to test the theory's limits, says Jonathan Knight."

PATRICELLI et al, 2002 Jan 17. Sexual selection: Male displays adjusted to female's response. Nature 415:279. "Macho courtship by the satin bowerbird is tempered to avoid frightening the female."

Balter, 2002 Jan 11. OLDEST ART: From a Modern Human's Brow--or Doodling? Science 295:247-249.

Pennisi, 2002 Jan 11. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: Finches Adapt Rapidly to New Homes. Science 295:249-250.

SULTAN, 2002 Jan 10. Brain evolution (Communication arising): Analysis of mammalian brain architecture. Nature 415:133.

BARTON, 2002 Jan 10. Brain evolution (Communications arising): How did brains evolve? Nature 415:134.

WANG et al., 2002 Jan 10. Brain evolution (Communications arising): How did brains evolve? Nature 415:135.

BOWLES AND GINTIS, 2002 Jan 10. Behavioural science: Homo reciprocans. Nature 415:125. "Humans are often generous, but cooperation unravels when others take advantage of them. Many people punish such 'free riders', even if they do not benefit personally, and this 'altruistic punishment' sustains cooperation."

FEHR AND GÄCHTER, 2002 Jan 10. Altruistic punishment in humans. Nature 415:137.

Schilthuizen, 2002 Jan 04. EVOLUTION: A Grand Old Synthesizer's Overview. Science 295:50.
Book Review of What Evolution Is byer:none !important; margin:0px !important;" /> by Ernst Mayr.

KIRCHNER, 2002 Jan 03. Evolutionary speed limits inferred from the fossil record. Nature 415:65.

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Copyright © 2002 Stanley C. Spencer. All Rights Reserved.